Russia will build a super-heavy rocket to fly to the moon

This is stated in the concept of launch vehicles, which will form the basis of the Federal Space Program for 2016-2025 years

Federal Space Agency agreed with the Ministry of Defence and the government sent in the concept of development of launch of spacecraft in 2030, told "Izvestia" a high-ranking source in the Russian Space Agency. According to him, the concept was developed on behalf of the Security Council.


— The decision to prepare a concept was adopted at the same time, when the Security Council to address the question of the cessation of work on the creation of the carrier rocket "Rus" — told in Roskosmos. — From the "Rus" refused because this media dubbed functionally developed by us, "Angara" and make two similar rockets — too expensive. When discussing why it happened, it turned out that the general concept of the missile have not. And we were assigned to write it.


The current state of Russia in the global market of space launches can not be a bad thing: the proportion of our launch vehicles in the business is kept at 35-40%. Relatively cheap and reliable rocket "Proton", "Union" and "Zenith" plus a conversion "Roar" and "Dnepr" — all legacies of the Soviet rocket forms a remarkable line of vehicles of different classes, which compete in terms of price it is extremely difficult to anyone was. But time does not stand still, other countries are developing new family of rockets that will sooner or later move the pedestal Soviet machines, beating them in the price-reliability. Russia, in turn, has nearly 20 years of developing its promising carrier "Angara", simultaneously upgrading are available.


And "Angara" and upgraded "Unions" are mentioned in the concept, but nothing new about them, it does not say the launch pad for the "Soyuz 2" will be built on the new Russian cosmodrome "East" in 2015, and the first "Angara" should start with Military Plesetsk launch site in a year.


Further, according to the representative of the Russian Federal Space Agency, with the use of design and technological work related to the "Hangar" is planned to begin creating super-heavy launch vehicle class capable of output to low-Earth orbit (altitude of about 200 km) payloads weighing up to 70 tons main objective of this rocket — to make 2028 a flight the next generation of manned spacecraft to the moon. Although it's not just about the mission — the missile will also be used for the delivery of unmanned spacecraft to asteroids and other celestial bodies.


The carrier capable of outputting the reference orbit up to 70 tons, will be the most powerful rocket in the world, if we bear in mind the machines that are used and created in the present. For example, a U.S. corporation under construction SpaceX heavy version of the missile Falcon (flight tests are scheduled for 2013) will be able to deliver a low orbit to 53 tons The most powerful medium of the European Space Agency Arian 5 can output up to 21 tons, which is less than 1 m that The withdrawal of Russian "Proton-M". The most powerful variant of the Chinese family of launch Chang Zheng can display up to 25 tons


In its capacity Russian missile-heavyweight will be second only to holders of the last century: the Soviet "Energy", the withdrawal of up to 105 tons, and was built by Werner von Braun, the American Saturn 5 with a record figure of 140 tonnes — this rocket launched expeditions to the moon aboard Apollo.


The concept is said that the development of super-heavy launch vehicle class is planned for the years 2021-2025, and the launch pad for it will be created at the Baikonur East, which is now starting to build in the Amur region.


— Creation of super-heavy carrier assigned to priority areas identified in the concept — the source in the Federal Space Agency. — Along with this project is related to the priority development of space tugs on the basis of electric propulsion.


Of the concept of development of launch vehicles will form the basis of that section of the Federal Space Program for 2016-2025 years, a source of "Izvestia".


— Technically realizable and has a scientific meaning of the task is to build a base on the moon, — the scientific director of the Institute for Science Policy Ivan Moiseev. — But to solve this problem, I believe you can come up after 2040, not before. Formerly a resource for this is not enough. If the leadership of the country will begin to speed up the solution of this problem, someone banging his fist on the table and strictly say, "Make me such and such a date to the moon!" Will, like Americans, there fly here and fly away. And more than anything. And to stay there, it is necessary to look beyond 2030 and to build a base there, which will serve as the objectives of space exploration.

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