Russia will deploy in Brazil ground station correction of the GLONASS system, announced today by the deputy chief of the center, "Russian Space Systems" / RCS / Sergey Karutin
"With Brazil has signed an interagency agreement, now in the decisive phase — design contract documents for the import station, "- he said.
Russia also plans to place a ground station Differential Correction and Monitoring / SDCM / GLONASS system in Australia. "With Australia document is currently being approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs", — PKC spokesman said.
Another previous federal program GLONASS to 2011 provided for the establishment of the system of differential correction and monitoring, including ground-based and space-based infrastructure links. "Currently, we have already launched three stations abroad and fully deployed network SDCM in Russia", — recalled Sergei Karutin.
SDCM are one of the addition of GLONASS and help get meter accuracy. Such stations on the territory of the Russian Federation provides precise positioning in the Northern Hemisphere. To improve the accuracy of the GLONASS system in the Southern Hemisphere is necessary to build additional stations. The next step in solving this problem will just be placing the station in Brazil.
"SDCM allows the verification of the parameters for two minutes, so we can often clarify chistotno-time parameters and pass it to the consumer", — PKC spokesman said. To deliver this information established communication channels and terrestrial spacecraft multifunctional space system relaying "Ray." It is supposed to run three repeater. The first "Luch-5A" successfully launched into low Earth orbit and is now in a phase of technology transfer staff to the point of standing. "We expect that the flight testing of this device will begin in June of this year", — Karutin said.
Currently, he said, completed the production of the second series of spacecraft "Ray" and "payload third unit has been set parent company, its launch is tentatively scheduled for the first quarter of 2014."
GLONASS its civil part intended to form a continuous field of the navigation signal, whereby high-accuracy positioning and speed of movement of any moving object equipped with a receiver system. It also provides the solution of problems in the security interests of Russia.
Initially, the GLONASS system was put into operation in the interests of the Defense Ministry in September 1993 with a constellation of limited membership of 12 satellites. In December 1995, the orbital group was deployed to the regular structure — 24 satellites, but later because of insufficient funding had decreased to restricted stock. February 18, 1999 order of the President of the Russian Federation GLONASS is defined as a dual-use system. In December 2005, Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian Space Agency and the Defense Ministry to speed up the recovery of the GLONASS constellation.
2011 was a milestone for the Russian navigation system GLONASS — for the first time after a long time has been fully restored its orbital segment.
According to the Central Research Institute of Machine Building, now in the constellation of GLONASS has 31 spacecraft. 24 of them — are used for the intended purpose, 2 — In maintenance, 4 — are located in the orbital reserve, 1 — on the stage of flight tests. To ensure continuity of the navigation signal throughout Russia requires at least 18 operational satellites.