Russian Air Force and the Soviet Union: the debit and credit

That the Red Army was stronger than all of the taiga to the British seas — is known to every man of middle age. What the Russian army disorganized everything you can — he knows every "progressive" blogger. But neither the one nor the other point of view is not the case. For example, compare the air power of the USSR and Russia.

Just specify that when comparing the number of members of the Air Force would do well to apply the factor. Sensible thing would be to build on the state of the economy. But the Soviet economy is very difficult to compare with the Russian. First, because it is quite difficult to compare the Soviet ruble to the dollar, as its free conversion absent. And secondly, because the structure of the economy of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation are very different. According to the Compendium, "The Economy of the USSR", published in 1990, that is almost directly in front of the collapse of the country’s GDP (gross domestic product) of the USSR amounted to a round figure of one trillion rubles. Economists are not directly compared the GDP of the USSR and the USA, but by comparison (by partitetu purchasing power in relation to the GDP of Germany and Austria, the Soviet Union’s GDP was about 36.5% of the U.S. GDP.

Now (if you believe the methodology of the International Monetary Fund), Russia’s GDP in PPP terms is about 15% of the U.S.. Accordingly, Russia’s population compared to the population of the Soviet Union is about 48%. When you look at the numbers, please make this correction.

It is worth noting that the number of aircraft the Air Force Russia is second only to the U.S. Air Force, but in Soviet times, the number of aircraft and helicopters were in service with the Soviet Union was greater than that of the United States. In the post-Soviet air force suffered a number of serious cuts. With arms removed all older types of machines. At present, almost the entire fleet of devices is presented at least the fourth generation. The number of air regiments of the post-Soviet period was reduced from 281 to 102. Already in 1995, was discontinued series production aircraft delivered to the Air Force and Air Defense. In 1992, in order rose 67 aircraft, in 1994 — 17, and in 1995 — not one. However, in recent years, the Air Force was delivered 153 fighters, 42 of them newly built, and the rest — the modernization of combatant. Also adopted was delivered 24 fighter and attack aircraft of the new building. In 2010, the troops left 21 aircraft in 2011 — 35. In 2014-2015,. the Air Force of Russia must enter the fighter of the 5th generation.

Information about arms going from open sources and is not official.

So, if you compare the organizational structure and armament of the Air Forces of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, the following picture emerges: associations: the Long-Range Aviation One of the elements of the strategic triad of the country is ADD (AFLRO), which in the Soviet Union included the 3rd Air Army with headquarters in Irkutsk, Moscow and Smolensk). In its arsenal by 1990 and stood 435 strategic bombers, including 15 missile carriers Tu-160, 160 — Tu-95, 30 — M-4, 150 Tu-22 and Tu Tu22M and 80 to 16. Neither the army nor the divisions in the structure of the Russian Air Force on today’s time there. According to reports in the strategic and long-range aircraft in service with Russia is 294 aircraft, of which 90 Tu-22M3 is in reserve. In the regular ranks is 16 bombers Tu-160, Tu-64 bomber 95MS6 MS16 124 and Tu-22M3.

Fighters Fighters and medium bombers in the Soviet Union were part of the tactical aircraft, which consisted of a total of 14 air armies, three of which (plus one combined Air Division) were deployed in the European theater in groups of Soviet troops. In addition a separate union were Air Force of the Moscow Military District. Total in service with the Soviet Union consisted of 1,755 fighters (part of which is included in the defense forces). The basis fighter fleet at the time of the collapse of the USSR was a MiG-23 in a quantity of 700 units. The second most common was the MiG-29, which numbered 540 copies. In addition there were 200 armed interceptor MiG-31 and MiG-40 units 25, 90 Su-27 fighters and 185 venerable MiG-21. Total Fighter fleet of modern Russia has 1,382 aircraft. The Air Force of Russia is 570 MiG-29 fighters, 34 of them — the modernized MiG-29 SMT. Three cars of this brand is in reserve. Interceptor MiG-31 and MiG-31BN has 328 units, of which 150 are on standby and 188 — in the operating units. Sukhoi Su-27 of various modifications has 406 units (100 and 353 in storage in the ranks). More advanced Su-30, Su-30M2 and Su-35s, there are only 11. Compare strike aircraft to land on the battlefield and in near the rear was designed to strike aircraft. Aircraft that fall under this category, the USSR had 2,135 pieces. By make, they were as follows: the most were the Su-24, which had 630 pieces, and after them came the Su-17, which was 535, then — 500 MiG-27 and Su-7, 130 and 340 of Su-25. The Russian air force has 956 aircraft. The basis of the park are still a Su-24 of various modifications, which is in service with 566 units, including 201 — in reserve. Modern bombers Su-34 there are only 15, and Su-25 and Su-25SM upgraded respectively 241 and 40 copies and 100 pieces in reserve, for a total — 381 piece, which is even larger than in the USSR.

Information about arms going from open sources and is not official.

So, if you compare the organizational structure and armament of the Air Forces of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, the following picture emerges: associations: the Long-Range Aviation One of the elements of the strategic triad of the country is ADD (AFLRO), which in the Soviet Union included the 3rd Air Army with headquarters in Irkutsk, Moscow and Smolensk). In its arsenal by 1990 and stood 435 strategic bombers, including 15 missile carriers Tu-160, 160 — Tu-95, 30 — M-4, 150 Tu-22 and Tu Tu22M and 80 to 16. Neither the army nor the divisions in the structure of the Russian Air Force on today’s time there. According to reports in the strategic and long-range aircraft in service with Russia is 294 aircraft, of which 90 Tu-22M3 is in reserve. In the regular ranks is 16 bombers Tu-160, Tu-64 bomber 95MS6 MS16 124 and Tu-22M3.

Fighters Fighters and medium bombers in the Soviet Union were part of the tactical aircraft, which consisted of a total of 14 air armies, three of which (plus one combined Air Division) were deployed in the European theater in groups of Soviet troops. In addition a separate union were Air Force of the Moscow Military District. Total in service with the Soviet Union consisted of 1,755 fighters (part of which is included in the defense forces). The basis fighter fleet at the time of the collapse of the USSR was a MiG-23 in a quantity of 700 units. The second most common was the MiG-29, which numbered 540 copies. In addition there were 200 armed interceptor MiG-31 and MiG-40 units 25, 90 Su-27 fighters and 185 venerable MiG-21. Total Fighter fleet of modern Russia has 1,382 aircraft. The Air Force of Russia is 570 MiG-29 fighters, 34 of them — the modernized MiG-29 SMT. Three cars of this brand is in reserve. Interceptor MiG-31 and MiG-31BN has 328 units, of which 150 are on standby and 188 — in the operating units. Sukhoi Su-27 of various modifications has 406 units (100 and 353 in storage in the ranks). More advanced Su-30, Su-30M2 and Su-35s, there are only 11. Compare strike aircraft to land on the battlefield and in near the rear was designed to strike aircraft. Aircraft that fall under this category, the USSR had 2,135 pieces. By make, they were as follows: the most were the Su-24, which had 630 pieces, and after them came the Su-17, which was 535, then — 500 MiG-27 and Su-7, 130 and 340 of Su-25. The Russian air force has 956 aircraft. The basis of the park are still a Su-24 of various modifications, which is in service with 566 units, including 201 — in reserve. Modern bombers Su-34 there are only 15, and Su-25 and Su-25SM upgraded respectively 241 and 40 copies and 100 pieces in reserve, for a total — 381 piece, which is even larger than in the USSR.

 

Tankers In the Soviet Air Force had 84 tanker aircraft, of which IL-78 were 34 pieces, M-4 had 30 pieces of tankers and Tu-16 — 20 pieces. In Russia, armed with a 20 Il-78 tanker aircraft AWACS airborne early warning aircraft and guidance in the Soviet Union were presented 40 copies of the A-50. In Russia there is one only 20, of which 8 are in reserve. Reconnaissance aircraft reconnaissance planes and electronic warfare aircraft in the Soviet Union there were 1,015 units. The most common was the Su-24, a reconnaissance variant, which numbered 235 pieces. Also in service consisted of 200 units of the Yak-28, 190 units of Su-7, 170 — MiG-25, 50 — MiG-21, Tu-16, 130, 30 — Tu-22MR, 10 and IL-38. In Russia there are 100 Air Force reconnaissance Su-24 and 30 — the MiG-25 RB. Transport aircraft to transport equipment and troops was designed transport aircraft. Among the "air cabs" of the Soviet Union there were 615 transport aircraft. The main workhorse was 310 IL-76. Also the number of transporters were 210 An-12, 55 — AN-22 "Antey" and 45 heavy transport aircraft An-124 "Ruslan". In the Russian Air Force armed with a 210 Il-76, An-20 units 72, 12 — "Ante" An-22 and An-22 heavy 124. Delivery plans at present to supply to the Air Force planned Russian modern technology such as the MiG-29K, Su-27SM3, Su-30M2 and Su-35s by 2013 will reach the level of production of 10-12 Su-34 year. As you can see, the Russian military aviat
ion is far from final death, but also to the level of the Soviet Union, too, is not that close.

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