Air Force Russia celebrate today the 101st year of the formation. The decision to celebrate the Day of the Air Force was made by President of the Russian Federation August 29, 1997. Russian Air Force was established 101 years ago, August 12, 1912. On that day, the order of the military department was put in place state of the aeronautic Chief of the General Staff.
Russian Air Force were involved in all the wars and conflicts in which our country has been involved. With its high impact strength, aviation is capable of influencing the course of major operations both on land and at sea theaters. History of the Air Force is full of brave and heroic pages. This is evidenced by the fact that it was the military pilots were the first of those who have been awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union — the highest degree of difference of the USSR.
The history of the holiday
During the Great Patriotic War, Soviet Air Force clearly showed their high combat qualities in the battles of Moscow, Stalingrad, Kursk, in the air battles in Kuban in operations in the Ukraine, Byelorussia, the Iasi-Kishinev, Vistula-Oder and Berlin operations. During the war, has been improved organizational structure of the Air Force and greatly augmented and modernized its fleet. If the operations in 1941 participated 200-500 aircraft, in battles 1943-1945 years — up to several thousand, and in the Berlin operation in 1945 — up to 7500 aircraft. The whole country knew the names of pilots aces Kozhedub / 64 downed aircraft and / Alexander Pokryshkina / 59 aircraft shot down /. They were three times awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
After the war, the Soviet air force started to switch to jet aircraft. And in the 1950s, the era of supersonic aircraft. After the collapse of the Soviet Union Soviet Air Force were divided between Russia and 14 independent republics. Then followed a difficult period for the Russian aviation. Since 2008, when the process was started reforming the Armed Forces, the Air Forces of Russia were deep and large-scale transformations. Defined a new organizational structure of the Air Force. Front and army aviation were subordinated to the commander of the Western, Southern, Central and Eastern military districts. Direct subordinate Air Force Commander remained range aviation and military transport aircraft. This system was built to optimize the concentration of the controls and basic capabilities in the armed forces. As part of the reform of military education in Voronezh create a single military-academic research center with two branches on the preparation of specialized professionals for the Air Force and the Armed Forces as a whole.
Air Force in modern Russia
Currently, there is an active development and capacity building of Russian Air Force. According to reporters on the eve of Russian Air Force Commander Lt. Gen. Viktor Bondar, in the last three years, including both the current military pilots received 400 new aircraft, and by 2020 the number of new products derived helicopters will exceed 1,000 units of aircraft — more than 800. Samples of the new domestic aircraft, according to the Commander in Chief, will be showcased at the aerospace show MAKS-2013 in late August in Zhukovsky near Moscow. Bondarev also noted that in the fourth decade of this year, the military pilots will lift into the air sample promising aviation complex tactical aircraft, known as the fighter of the fifth generation.