Russian Composites — West envies

 In Obninsk in the production of satellite panel from getting the requirements specification, design and development to final product assembly takes less than three months in the West — almost a year.

Russia is the world leader in open platform for the next generation of spacecraft. For a number of the most important technical characteristics are superior to their foreign counterparts. And very soon the domestic composite materials will be in our aircraft so as common as metal.

Obninsk Research and Production Enterprise "Technology" (PHOTOS)











On the eve of Cosmonautics Day Obninsk Research and Production Enterprise "Technology", had once been a top secret, opened its doors to journalists. Correspondent "RG" was one of the few who saw the real mysteries of high technology. Meeting the journalists, company CEO Oleg Commissioner recalled in general, a well-known truth. He said: "At its core, the process of creating the aviation, space, missile and military technology has always been innovative, as the achievement of a fundamentally new characteristics due to the continuous search for innovation and research in the field of materials, design, manufacturing technology, and the methods of process control creation of new high-tech products. "

And you can add: where the familiar and overexposed word "innovation" is not an empty statement, but the real deal, real miracles are performed.

Obninsk company, established in 1959, once it was determined very modest trend in the defense sector of the aviation industry. It developed the glass jet aircraft lighting equipment for airfields and radome for guided missiles. When the Soviet Union collapsed, the new Russian aircraft industry almost died. The company was doomed, but it saved the unique technologies developed here in the carboxylic composites, which were created in the framework of the "Buran". They were in demand in the space rocket.

In the 1990s, Russia has become an active player in the global market space launch services. And it turned out that even the best Soviet boosters were peretyazheleny as shells third stages and fairings were made mostly of aluminum or fiberglass. Not only do these materials — a relatively heavy, they are not sound proof. A foreign scientific spacecraft, which began en masse to launch from Baikonur and Plesetsk, could not bear the roar of 100 decibels emitted by a rocket engine at the start. For sound insulation under the fairing even scored mats — quite overweight.

And as for the "Proton-M" case of third stages and the nose fairing manufactured Carbon composite, the total weight of the structure fell directly onto a half ton. For this rocket — a revolutionary leap, because there fighting for weight loss for at least a hundred pounds, and even gram. When it was achieved perfect sound insulation, and the need for a completely superfluous cargo mats anymore.

Deputy director of the research and production complex in the development and production of composite materials Anatoly Sviridov said that the widespread use of advanced automated technology, the most crucial elements that use composites, still laid out by hand on special templates. According to Sviridov, with the quality of work and productivity are obtained even higher than in the West.

Another interesting direction. Earlier research instrument, launched into outer space, placed in a sealed container which is filled with liquid nitrogen to keep cool. This was due to the fact that the temperature difference in the sun or in the shade instantly changed from +200 to -200 degrees Celsius. Not withstanding the metal, which was attached equipment, and indeed she did not like such jumps. Companions differed poor reliability, and quickly failed because of the inevitable loss of pressurization of containers and nitrogen leaks.

In Obninsk with NGOs named "Lavochkin" developed a special, again composition, thermal pane, called the passive thermal control system, within which a thin aluminum ducts for circulating the coolant. They are already attached scientific equipment. The reliability of the spacecraft collected by the new technology has increased many times. The warranty period of the satellites in orbit has increased from 3-5 to 12-15 years.

According to the deputy director general for research and production activities Anatoly Khmelnitsky, the year produces about 170 panels that allows to complete 20 satellites. The European corporation "Astrium", producing similar products, completes only 5-7 satellites a year. At the same time they have on the assembly employs nearly 200 people, and we have — 25, and the area of the French assembly plant — a more than ten times higher than the Russian one.

In Obninsk in the production of satellite panel from getting the requirements specification, design and development to final product assembly takes less than three months in the West — almost a year.

Very important technological component. For special glues glass panels (fitting pieces) in an amount of 1500 units, and a thickness of 120 micron gap between — 100 microns. In the U.S. and Western Europe, the operation is performed costly and complex to maintain robots. In Russia it is done manually. And the performance and accuracy of gluing several times higher than the robot. When Western experts compared, what is done with them, and that in Russia, they experienced a state of near-shock. This can not be! But it is.

The most important element of spacecraft, both manned and automatic — solar panels. They determine the energy, and thus the livelihoods of th
e Earth’s cosmic messengers. Russia has developed a new generation of solar cells that allow for minimal weight transfer them into electricity to 30% of solar energy. The contribution of Obninsk — the creation of these batteries based on carbon fiber frame. It has outstanding mechanical strength characteristics, and weighs 480 grams per square meter. The Western counterparts, for comparison, this option — more than one and a half kilograms per square meter. Such frames are selected for panels on the unique spacecraft "Helio-probe", which is planned to send to the side of our star for a more detailed study it.

We are sure that all the products of domestic engineering inferior to foreign analogues in all respects. However, the above indicates that it is now not all Western technology, even space, reach the level of Russian. On the most important areas of knowledge-intensive and Russia takes the lead. We have something to be proud of, but we know and do not guess.

And now a little about aviation — the one area of activity, which began the history of Obninsk and "technology."

In the West, in the civil aircraft industry actively introducing carbon composites. The Americans call their new "Dreamliner" aircraft with a "black wing." Soon, these wings will be with us. And the work will not start from scratch, as the first "black wings" appeared in Russia in the early 90-ies of the last century on the aircraft Sukhoi Su-47 "Berkut" and Su-29.

Do not forget about the company and the glass. Widely used special nano coating that work wonders. Anti-glare makes them invisible to the human eye, and it seems that the pilot is flying at high speed in an open cockpit. Others, however, reflect the sunlight is too bright, intense ultraviolet light, and scatter electromagnetic radiation, making the cabin invisible to enemy radar. By the way, these coatings, but other technological level, the entire aircraft may become "invisible".

I asked, not in Skolkovo been developed these unique nanotechnology. I replied Skolkovskom innovators to a level developments like the moon.

Parting with reporters, the head of the holding "RT-Himkompozit", which includes the company Obninsk, Sergei Sokol said that he personally believes — domestic high technology, including the production of a new generation of composite materials, will occupy the leading position in the global market. All the more so in some areas we are already ahead.

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