Start research program to study the bottom of Lake Geneva with Russian deep-sea submersibles "Mir-1" and "Mir-2" will be given on Tuesday in Switzerland. As expected, bathyscaphes will make the first dive into the waters of the second largest lake in Central Europe, situated on the border of Switzerland and France.
On board the ship, "Ron", named after the river that runs through to the upper reaches of Lake Geneva, with the ascent vehicles will observe the scientists, the organizers of the scientific program, and journalists. Among the guests — Vice-President of the Russian Geographical Society, the State Duma deputy Artur Chilingarov, marks the American hydronauts Don Walsh and Swiss balloonist Bertrand Piccard — in 1960, his father, Jacques Piccard, along with Walsh boarded the bathyscaphe "Trieste" to the deepest point of the oceans — the Mariana depression.
Until the end of August, the two units will perform the dive once a day. As the project manager of the Honorary Consulate of Russia in Lausanne Michael Krasnopyorov, "will be conducted scientific research, take soil samples for chemical and biological analysis for contamination, conduct research parameters of the water masses, mainly current, which carries pollution, bottom mud, sediments on around the lake. " Determine the level of water pollution is interesting as Swiss and French side, as near its coast inhabited by 1.5 million people, and half of them get their drinking water from Lake Geneva, the depth of which barely exceeds 300 meters.
The scientific program of studies designed EPFL and includes a variety of areas — geology, hydrology, geochemistry, microbiology. Its implementation will involve scientists from five countries — Russia, Switzerland, France, the UK and the U.S..
The expedition produced with the financial support of the President of Ferring Pharmaceuticals and Honorary Consul of Russia in Lausanne Frederick Paulsen. The fact that these are bathyscaphes, honorary polar Russia knows firsthand: in August 2007, Paulsen was a member of deep-sea expedition to the North Pole, down to the "World" to a depth of 4302 meters. On Tuesday, he will also be on board, "Rona".
Founded "Mir-1" and "Mir-2" will be in Le Bouveret on the southern shore of the lake — the devices arrived there from Kaliningrad in late May and there were new international certifications and have been tested. Apparatus accompany more than 20 Russian scientists and specialists from the lab of deep submersibles Institute of Oceanology. Shirshov, Russian Academy of Sciences, ITAR-TASS reported.