Russian Post has taken the first step into the future


 Photo source:yandex.ru

I think those who once sent a parcel or registered letter at the post office, there are a lot of questions to the culture and quality of service of the Russian Post.
This surly grandmother and turns, and the interiors have not changed since the Soviet era, parcels and letters that go to the neighboring region for weeks and months, well, etc.

However, as it turned out, in the Post Russia are big changes. And today, a lot has already been done. However, few people know about it …
For example, to the surprise for myself, I found out that two months ago by the Post was launched in Moscow-the-art automated sorting center (ASC), by far, one of the most modern and largest in eastern Europe.

So, we went to the Podolsk district, to see this wonderful facility with my own eyes.


 Photo source:yandex.ru

Build this center postal logistics Italians arrived, so we see their flag on a flagpole at the entrance. Italians have made a great success of this industry. In general, the Mail on Russia to actively analyze the experience of different countries, as the entire postal industry in the world is going through a crisis. In this regard, particularly in Europe actively developed several models reorganization. Our post office, with the help of analysts, this experience is actively exploring and implementing new technologies.


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In the center (which, by the way, sorts mail at the clock) are now working in 4 shifts of more than 2 million people. Post conveyor stops in the evening for two hours for maintenance. Full power ASC is designed to process 3 million pieces of mail a day.


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Salaries are low when compared with Moscow. Just got a job worker, after passing the 5-day practice is as a specialist third rank and salary of 18,000 rubles, plus a 10% premium on a monthly basis and 75% in the quarter. Almost the entire staff of the enterprise — are residents of Podolsk district and surrounding neighborhoods. Operators of all units and pipelines in the ASC — it is 100% the citizens of Russia, most of them with higher education. Migrants are only as attendants and laborers.


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Before departure on the path to the destination sorted several times. Each sort takes time, so to speed up the delivery process was adopted more advanced logistics concept. Now post the central regions of the country sorted by ASC, and simple letters — to the post office.


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Total for the organization of the postal logistics in Russia in full is required 36 ASC, at the moment they built two — in Podolsk and in St. Petersburg, 3 more to be built in the near future


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If 80-90% of all outgoing messages on a given day is a corporate newsletter, e-mails of individuals is 10-15%. With parcels situation is reversed. The number of letters and parcels sent by citizens, is significantly increased in the holiday season.


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Almost all the parcels and letters in ASC handled automatically (but there is a small percentage of particularly valuable mail processed by hand). Therefore of paramount importance is the correct attribution of the index. And if the corporate mailing addresses of all the letters are printed from the computer, the literacy of individuals that refer letter leaves much to be desired. What people do not write!


 Photo source:yandex.ru


 Photo source:yandex.ru

For the processing of letters and parcels with illegible or non-coincident index and the ASC works to address a special department video coding. Working here are young and attentive people, who with the help of special computer programs recognize and correct address. One operator can handle video correction to 40,000 addresses per day. I asked the head of the department, "Do not go there people crazy with this work? — And I responded to — not." Operators of technological breaks every hour and they do not work every day.
My friends, at the request of ASC employees and the entire "Mail of Russia" appeal to you to carefully check the ZIP and write it correctly (the index can now safely synchronize with the address of the Internet, it takes a minute).


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"Mail of Russia" is a huge organization, which employs 370 tys.sotrudnikov, which is comparable with the Railways and Sberbank. Today, "Russian Post" is a Federal State Unitary Enterprise (FSUE), but in the near future may privatize mail. Now the talks on this subject with the state are already underway.


 Photo source:yandex.ru


 Photo source:yandex.ru

I saw in the ASC and its native — surveying. This level.

Nearly now 42 thousand post offices across the country (however, a significant part of the premises does not belong to, have to rent). And the Post hundreds of postal vans and trucks. For rural postmen purchased special brand bikes (almost like Pechkin). The only thing missing from the Russian Post, in contrast to other countries — is their aircraft. But in our country there are many places where trains just do not go.


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Plus, during air mail had to overcome technical difficulties. The matter misrepresented that in Soviet passenger aircraft had large luggage space, also had a lot of cargo boards. Now mainstay of Russian airlines are Airbus, to address them are special containers and transported mail volume is reduced significantly.


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Master-mail address — is an employee who has worked at the post office for more than 15 years. There are several people in the ASC.

The practice of Western countries provides that first need to upload their national airlines. That is, if the letter from the U.S. goes to Kazakhstan, then give it an advantage flight New York — Astana (if such a course is).
If not, the mail will fly via Moscow. With our domestic airlines is similar.


 Photo source:yandex.ru


 Photo source:yandex.ru


 Photo source:yandex.ru

Then we went to the place of international mail processing. The center is divided into two parts: the post office and customs (which gives or does not give the nod to the fact that it is possible to send and what not).


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In Moscow there are large spaces, as in Podolsk.


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Here’s what was not allowed to import: drugs, firearms (which, by the way, are removed and not sent back as other forbidden things), edged weapons, all types of liquids, alcohol, tobacco, dried fruit (it turns out they smuggle in drugs — therefore banned) money, animals, seeds, powders, well, etc. Can not be exported: (among the above, cultural values, decoration painting, antiques, etc.).


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Just in front of us at prosvetke parcels using X-ray machines was discovered saber of the 19th century, it was not missed as cold steel, and it will be sent back.

In addition to X-rays to identify the main weapon of drugs and explosives are specially trained dogs.


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A few years ago, as you may have heard in the international mail started a real boom associated with the fact that at times increased mail order Russian citizens via the Internet. Well, of course, if there are cheaper, why pay more here. In connection with this urgently needed to increase the area for international mail processing. Leaders mail signed several large investment-projects which, in the centers were able to breathe a new life.


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By the way, the total amount of investments "Mail of Russia" in 2009godusostavil about 5 billion rubles in 2010, this amount was already 8 mlrd.Vse these funds are used for the reconstruction of post offices, upgrading the vehicle fleet, and most importantly, to
creating a network of automated sorting centers across Russia.


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Already at the end of the day we talked with Vladimir Abduhalilovym, who is deputy director of the GTSMPP. He answered all our tricky questions.

Show on the map, for example, it is difficult to deliver mail in Norilsk, because it is very meteozavisimosti city, as well as in Yakutia, Sakha, Salehard and the Kuril Islands that the mail can even send the bees!


 Photo source:yandex.ru

The future of mail — an electronic data interchange (it seriously reduce the time for customs clearance of address). In addition, it is necessary to oblige airlines to take on board the first passengers, medicines and mail, and now the law is not regulated. More Vladimir Abduhalilov told us about how everything should guide Mail undergo annual training in post offices as an ordinary postmen and operators, and how to develop EMS-mail, well, and many other equally interesting.
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