Russian spacecraft next generation

A full-scale mock PTKK NP was first presented at the MAKS-2013. It is no longer a concept, but almost ready to ship, the first test launch is in an unmanned mode is planned for 2017 — the beginning of 2018, and manned — closer to 2020. The ship of the new generation — reusable, and is designed to hold up to ten flights to the ISS as well as the orbit of the Moon. Head developer — RSC "Energia", with the participation of the University "MISA".

 

"In PTKK NP pioneered the use of innovative thermal protection system housing. RSC" Energia "has developed a completely new material with unique properties of the heat shield for the safe passage of the ship the dense layers of the atmosphere of the Earth. This patented ultra-lightweight material. In appearance it resembles a thick glass wool with inclusions of carbon that peels off in small fragments and takes over the heat when passing the atmosphere, "- said the president of the Center of Industrial Design and Innovation University" MISA "Vladimir Pies. According to him, the amount of new material so far is not enough to cover the entire body of the spacecraft. "This is due to the fact that an innovative chemical process developed by Russian scientists is not possible to synthesize a new cover in large volumes. But while this is not required: when to begin the test, the material has to be enough" — said the expert.

   
"The important point that distinguishes the new Russian spacecraft from the U.S. — is the presence of ACS (hygienic sewage disposals — Ed.) Probably do not need to explain how much more comfortable to use the ACS than diapers, which are provided for astronauts" Orion. "In addition , now in the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS), a limited number of toilets, so equipped with an additional "space toilet" ship more than just will not "- said the Pies.

"In our PTKK NP astronauts can fully straighten up and stand up. This is an important difference from the test now by" Lockheed Martin "(Lockheed Martin) commissioned by NASA’s new American spacecraft ‘Orion’ in which the astronauts have to be in a half-bent position that very uncomfortable. And "Orion" and the ship are in the form of a truncated cone, but the American version lower in height, so astronauts can fly it only half-lying, "- said the Pies. According to him, during MAKS-2013 specialists "Lockheed Martin" inspected the new Russian design, and confirmed that "Orion" can not be straightened to full height.
The Russian ship was also a fundamentally new flight seats from carbon fiber. "With regard to flight seats, in this area, we have worked closely with the Moscow region NGO" Star "- a world-famous designer and manufacturer of lodgements" Kazbek "and flight suits" Falcon "for the spacecraft" Soyuz ". Through the use of composite materials, we managed to save for each seat from 15 to 20 kilograms of weight, resulting in the board can take an additional supply of water or food, "- stated the Pies. According to him, unlike the lodgements "Kazbek" of the previous generation, the new chair designed for people of any build, and are regulated on all anthropometric directions. The design of chairs is that the cradle is still manufactured individually for each astronaut, is embedded into their reusable housing, which is very convenient. Pies said that at the stage of take-off to astronauts in any case will have to be in flight suits, and after the orbiting them can be removed.

According to him, has now developed two basic versions of the new spacecraft.

"Presented at the MAKS-2013 is designed for full-size mock comfortable flight four people with plenty of food and water. This sort of ship class luxury, designed to fly around the Moon. There is another option, equipped with six cradles" Kazbek "of the previous generation: it will fly to the ISS. Thus, RSC "Energia" offers options for the ship for the long and short-term missions ", — concluded the Pies.

"In our PTKK NP astronauts can fully straighten up and stand up. This is an important difference from the test now by" Lockheed Martin "(Lockheed Martin) commissioned by NASA’s new American spacecraft ‘Orion’ in which the astronauts have to be in a half-bent position that very uncomfortable. And "Orion" and the ship are in the form of a truncated cone, but the American version lower in height, so astronauts can fly it only half-lying, "- said the Pies. According to him, during MAKS-2013 specialists "Lockheed Martin" inspected the new Russian design, and confirmed that "Orion" can not be straightened to full height.
The Russian ship was also a fundamentally new flight seats from carbon fiber. "With regard to flight seats, in this area, we have worked closely with the Moscow region NGO" Star "- a world-famous designer and manufacturer of lodgements" Kazbek "and flight suits" Falcon "for the spacecraft" Soyuz ". Through the use of composite materials, we managed to save for each seat from 15 to 20 kilograms of weight, resulting in the board can take an additional supply of water or food, "- stated the Pies. According to him, unlike the lodgements "Kazbek" of the previous generation, the new chair designed for people of any build, and are regulated on all anthropometric directions. The design of chairs is that the cradle is still manufactured individually for each astronaut, is embedded into their reusable housing, which is very convenient. Pies said that at the stage of take-off to astronauts in any case will have to be in flight suits, and after the orbiting them can be removed.

According to him, has now developed two basic versions of the new spacecraft.

"Presented at the MAKS-2013 is designed for full-size mock comfortable flight four people with plenty of food and water. This sort of ship class luxury, designed to fly around the Moon. There is another option, equipped with six cradles" Kazbek "of the previous generation: it will fly to the ISS. Thus, RSC "Energia" offers options for the ship for the long and short-term missions ", — concluded the Pies.

"The test program includes five PTKK NP launches three drones and two — manned. First three test launches planned for it to" Proton "from Baikonur, and the next, already on the manned program may be implemented in the new missiles" Angara "carrier rocket from the East "- said the Pies.

Used photo:
 http://ria.ruandhttp://www.energia.ru    Text:  http://ria.ru/science/20130906/961283094.html   rn http://ria.ru/science/20130906/961284968.html   rn http://ria.ru/science/20130906/961281739.html   

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