Russian experts from the Scientific and Production Association NPO "Energomash" developed a new fuel — acetyl — for rocket engines, which significantly improves their efficiency.
"First of all, it is destined for the upper stages of RB, and here the effect of the highest: for a new launch vehicle" Soyuz-2.1b "can raise a lot of useful load, the output into a geostationary orbit, about 30 per cent compared with the standard Belarus ", — said the director of the Center for Innovation CSD NGO" Energomash "Anatoly Likhvantsev.
Application atsetama not only significantly increases the energy of existing launch vehicles, but also provides greater savings. Ballistic calculations carried out in conjunction with the ICC Keldysh Research Center, showed that for the "Soyuz-2.1b" replacement oxygen-kerosene engine RB for oxygen atsetamovy will increase the payload mass by 30-40 percent. When developed in recent years, the frequency of starts for the same mass of satellites could reduce the number of launches of the year in the 3-5, and save billions of rubles, said Likhvantsev.
Since the engines on the oxygen-fuel atsetamovom close to oxygen-kerosene can on the basis of existing Russian rocket launcher to create modernized having energy capabilities RN with an oxygen-hydrogen-RB, but are easier to use and much less expensive cost launch services, convinced developers.
In the next six months or a year, they plan to conduct a detailed analysis of the possibilities to use the new fuel on the first and second stage, as well as boosters for other Russian "Proton", "Angara", etc.
To the new fuel also interested developers hypersonic aircraft, which for their projects a little lacking "power", and acetyl, according to the developers of the new fuel could be the solution to this problem.
In 2011, the ICC with the project "acetyl" got the status of a innovation center "Skolkovo". According to Likhvantseva, that status is "helping to solve a very serious problem with start-ups by firms and ongoing projects through grants, tax and customs benefits, provide advice, assistance in finding investors, venture capital firms, and so on." In addition, ICC is able to attract creative young professionals from the best universities in the country.
Currently, in various stages of ICC developed over five projects acetyl fuel addition, it is an additive in the oxygen-kerosene fuel additives on polyisobutylene basis, development of a laser ignition, methods of designing blank production that will reduce the amount of material used is 20-30 per cent the creation of a gas turbine plant in the interests of the oil and gas industry and others, according to ITAR-TASS.