Sociologists have found the attitude of Russians to the rulers of the last century. It turned out that the best ruler of the country at that time the majority of respondents (56%) think the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev, according to a study conducted by the "Levada-Center".
Other Soviet leaders — Vladimir Lenin, Nikita Khrushchev — also cause the majority of positive emotions. Even Joseph Stalin positive about 50% of the respondents.
Negative assessment of the Russians were only Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin. And the number of negative reviews about them more than doubled the number of positive.
These results indicate "a lack of historical knowledge and historical reflection", experts say. "People talk about the myths and not real figures," — said the newspaper "Kommersant" board member of the International Society "Memorial" Jan Raczynski.
People have certain associations: Stalin — with victories, Brezhnev — with prosperity, etc., a political analyst Sergei Chernyakhovsky. According to Professor of MGIMO Valery Solovey, although "no one would want to live in the era of Stalin, he embodies what is now in short supply — justice and equality in fear."
"The bad ratings" Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin experts attribute to the fact that these figures are associated in people "some damage and no material support." For example, "Gorbachev's reign ended in the collapse of the USSR, the Russian population is still perceived as one of the disasters of the twentieth century," they said. And to Boris Yeltsin, the ratio deteriorated as a result of the reforms in 1992, "prices have started to rise and closed businesses."
In addition, the rigid policy is always "better perceived" of those who "let go" situation, Grazhdankin said: "With freedom comes the uncertainty, people prefer certainty and clear perspective."
"Human rights and freedoms are too abstract, they are irrelevant and do not need to most people," — adds Sergey Chernyakhovsky. And Ian Raczynski sure that the "reformers receive adequate evaluation much later, as any humane concepts for understanding more complex than a trivial idea of a strong hand."
By the way, according to sociologists, "Levada Center," the activities of the current Russian President Vladimir Putin's positive about 63% of Russians have a negative — 37%.
It should be noted that five years ago — in 2008 — the survey ARCSPO Russians called Putin a better leader for the last 100 years. In the overall ranking of the leaders that led the country to develop in the right direction, he scored 80%. In second place was Leonid Brezhnev (41%), the third — Vladimir Lenin (33%).
31% of the votes gained Stalin and Nicholas II. This was followed by Nikita Khrushchev (29%), Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin (by 17%).
At the same time, Boris Yeltsin won first place in the list of political leaders, under which, according to the Russians, the country was headed in the wrong direction (64%). With little margin for them on the same index followed Gorbachev (63%).