"Radioastron" is already sending to Earth the first information. Soon he will go to help other spacecraft series range "-" X-gamma "and" Ultraviolet. " The names of orbiting telescopes their main function: to see and accept the radiation cosmic bodies — each in its range. Look into deep space, it is necessary to better understand ourselves. It turns out that people are a lot like stars. Interstellar space, cold clouds. If the temperature rise of the universe, in the clouds of gas compression will occur, and will be born a new star or a planet. Perhaps because there was sun and our earth.
"The biggest achievement of the last 20 years is that we have learned already massively open planets around other stars. Already more than 600 open, some of them managed to try on the chemical composition of the atmosphere and understand that there is water and some other biomarkers" , — the corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences Boris Shustov.
The universe is open to "dialogue." Its radiation is useful information for the whole of humanity. A space-based telescopes like the "interpreters" of the complex language of the Galaxy.
"Radiastron" already makes its first orbital "dictionary." Soon he will go to help others "Spectra" — "X-gamma" and "Ultraviolet".
"Today, we dream of a time when we know about our universe surrounding almost everything. Now we are preparing with the Russian Space Agency project called" Spectrum-X-Gamma. "This satellite will stand unique devices that will be able to see all of the cluster of galaxies in the universe, "- says the head of" Spektr-RG "Academician Rashid Sunyaev.
"Radio," "X-gamma", "Ultraviolet" — the names of telescopes, their main function: to see and accept the radiation of cosmic bodies, each in its range.
Look into deep space needed to better understand themselves. It turns out that people are a lot like stars.
"After all, astrophysics gave an understanding that we are all children of the galaxy, or better to say, the children of the stars. All the heavy chemical elements heavier than hydrogen and helium, of which we all are made up, the same oxygen, calcium, and so on, all of this born in the stars "- says a corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, director of the Institute INARAN Boris Shustov.
In the ultraviolet range long running American optical telescope "Hubble". However, it does not cope with the load. The number of scientific applications for Space Studies 10 times faster than the telescope.
In 2015, "Spekr-UV" will go into orbit and will take on a number of scientific tasks in the ultraviolet studies.
"This telescope is done under the supervision and with key contributions from Russia, so the Russian scientific community, scientific and technical community in this telescope is much more accessible than the Hubble telescope. This is actually a national project", — said Boris Shustov.
"The diameter of the main mirror — 1700 millimeters. This allows you to collect a large light output from even very faint magnitudes and get a picture of the areas of the universe, which in this range are not visible from Earth" — shows the leading designer telescope satellite "Spectrum-UV" Ilyas Mansurov .
On the test bench at the Lavochkin "Spectrum-UV" looks exactly as it would be in space.
Recently, the telescope has been successfully tested on all types of loads that occur before the start, during the start and at the time of the launch.
At the final stage of assembly, "Spectrum-UV" install on an already proven space platform, on the same platform now flies "Radiastron."
"All three projects are built on a common base platform. This platform" Navigator ", which adapts to each contract case under its payload" — an introduction to the main features of the platform designer satellites "Spectrum" Vladimir Babyshkina.
Astrophysicists believe that in the UV range is the most concentrated wealth of information about the universe. Just so you can see all of her paint. And as long as the distance to the stars excludes travel, mankind can not do without space telescopes. Their gaze will help answer the eternal question: how did the Earth and the people on Earth.