Start of implementation of the first phase of the HEO space system designed to monitor the Arctic region.
- The scheme of the space of the "Arctic"
"The development of a hydro-meteorological subsystem. Contracted with the Lavochkin to build the first satellite system — a spacecraft "Arktika-M".
Thus began the implementation of a very important project, "- said the press service of the Russian Space Agency. The new space system is designed to monitor ice conditions, telephone communications and telematic services. At the initial stage of the Federal Space Agency intends to create a segment of the two satellites meteorological observations on highly elliptical orbit.
The Arctic is a "weather kitchen" for the whole of the northern hemisphere, has a decisive influence on the formation of weather and climate in the Northern Hemisphere. "In this regard, increasing the importance of the study and prediction of climate changes in the Northern Hemisphere by continued global hydrological monitoring.
But very important for weather forecasting and identify the causes and mechanisms of climate change, the Arctic region is unavailable for continuous meteorological observations existing facilities "- said the head of the press service of the Russian Space Agency Alexei Kuznetsov. He noted that the meteorological spacecraft in geostationary orbit by physical constraints can not provide surveillance of the Arctic territories with the latitude of 60 degrees north latitude with the required quality data. Existing low-orbit spacecraft is also unable to provide hydrometeorological monitoring of Aarkticheskogo region with the required visibility (simultaneous recording of the visible disk of the Earth) and the frequency of 15-30 minutes.
Further, as previously reported, within the system of grouping may increase due to communication satellites "Arktika-MS" and the radar "Arktika-R".