Inter-regional air transportation is not an example to other sectors are able to accelerate from even a tiny budget of the ruble. Instead, the government is resurrecting the market for new concessions, this time — in terms of expansion of the conditions for obtaining subsidies from leasing transactions
For Russia uncommon for the joint implementation of government programs and the power of market participants are happy with each other. But in the development of inter-regional and domestic air that literally rise from the ashes of the 20-year-old ruin and stagnation, formed just such a rosy situation. The allocation of the budget of several billion rubles industry reacts intensive growth, receiving in return the new preferences. The government readily admits a rare and unprecedented quick fix past mistakes and shortcomings. Yesterday was once again changed the rules for the distribution of subsidies to compensate for part of the payment of lease contracts on Russian aircraft, purchased for inter-regional air transportation. As a result, the company has already declare their readiness to acquire the leasing domestic Sukhoi SuperJet-100 and AN — 148.
Ours — all
The state of inter-regional air transport authorities drew attention recently. And partly by accident, not so much for economic as social reasons. It all started in 2009 with the program "subsidizing air transport passengers of the Far East and Siberia to the European part of the country and in the opposite direction." Some airlines have started to refuse to fly in the easternmost point of the country because of the occupancy is not a regular salons and as a consequence, the loss of flights. They have offset some of the cost of tickets of passengers under the age of 23 and over 60.
And the population, and long-haul carriers that gesture is appreciated. The volume of passenger special (reduced) tariffs on the routes included in the subsidy program, has grown as a whole by 2.3 times. According to the Federal Air Transport Agency, if in 2009 the subsidy program carried 161 passengers 2000 in the amount of 1.16 billion rubles, in 2011 — 371 thousand passengers 2.56 billion. Number of routes also has nearly doubled.
Mezhuyev state program that indirectly affected the increase in inter-regional air services (Yakutia by 6%, in the far east — 11%). The program provides a mechanism to stimulate domestic air routes planes and them at the regional companies as opposed to the trunk was more. Earning a good long haul, they have to be chased almost to the cost of small aircraft within regions.
This effect immediately decided to strengthen. At the suggestion of Russian aviation in the list of subsidized routes include those that consist of two segments of the flight. By the formula: "the European region — the Far East," added another element — the "local airport" (your choice). This allowed people to get to the heartland of the European part of the country through the hub of the region and back.
Temper justice with mercy
In general, the Far East and Yakutia dispersed mainly used for domestic aircraft: on subsidized routes in 2011 was transported 67% more passengers than in 2010. But at the same time there was a country and shook the hockey world tragedy. In September 2011, from entry to the Yaroslavl airport "Yaroslavl" crashed Yak-42D, on board of which were hockey club "Lokomotiv". All 44 people, but one of the crew members died.
The aircraft was considered the documents completely intact, did not belong to anyone, and the airline "Proton" the Khrunichev Space Center, which was taken on lease airline "Yak-Service". That is a bet on the intensive exploitation of domestic machinery while many seemed criminal. And President Dmitry Medvedev said that if, say, do not know how to build and maintain their equipment, then we will buy abroad.
In fact, airlines, working mainly on international and trunk lines, and did so long ago. However, the regional pilots were still able to bring their case to the government. Regional air in the whole country was already in fact been on the verge of katastrofy.V USSR volume of regional and local air transport was several times higher than they are now. Only local air carriers supplying about 23% of the passenger traffic of the country, and by 2012 — only 2 percent a year. The reasons set. Low business activity of regions, the centralization of economic and political life in the capital — all this is almost erased from the face of Russian inter-regional market, and especially the local air traffic. In this sector for many years, gradually supplanted desheveyuschy and an aging fleet with trunk and international destinations.
"Large gradually absorbed the smaller regional companies forced out of the market with their haul. Consequently, many inter-folded areas, — says Alexei Ivanov, head of the commercial department of the Group of Companies" Avialeasing. "- For example, in Bashkiria airline bought two aircraft L-410, she was trying to transport, but now flies under the wing of "UTair". "Perm Airlines" almost swallowed airline "Siberia." half or two years from Perm could only fly to Moscow. Although demand was actually on the bus tickets to Ufa not buy, While many travel willing to pay more for speed. "
In short, the development of regional transportation government decided to proceed, and by expanding the geography of the state program. From the federal budget in 2012 to subsidize transportation on route 81 between the regions of the Northwest, Siberia, the Urals and Far Eastern federal districts have allocated one billion rubles. The mechanism is the same: compensation for cheap tickets. In this case, the program Rosaviaciya connected the subjects of the Russian Federation, which offered to pay the same amount.
"Of course, the compensation program half the cost of tickets has helped revitalize the air. Flight was noticeably more — shared with the" Expert Online "Alexey Ivanov." — For example, there were directions from Perm to Samara, Izhevsk, Ufa. Such measures would support, including new subsidies for leasing, a few years ago — and interregional air travel was still possible to save time. "
But on the larger space program failed. Regional authorities are mostly treated it cold. In 2012, financial support actually went to the carriage of 1841 passengers carried on 48 routes. That is, the effect was negative, which is not surprising.
"The program provided compensation for each passenger. But after many regions in 20 years did not fly, it was difficult to convince the passengers re-think about the aircraft, — says Vladimir Kiselevich, First Deputy General Director of State Unitary Enterprise of the Orenburg region" Orenburg Airport. "- In the end, aircraft nedobirali passengers and flights have been operating at a loss, many people simply did not fly. "
Airlines interregional transport is therefore in need of state support, which run from a small number of passengers on board. Cost of international traffic is three times lower than that of inter-regional. Hence it was the first and misses the program to compensate half the cost of their tickets.
But one can only wonder mobility government usually makes decisions on difficult issues over the years. Already in 2013 the idea of the development of regional transportation approached in a new way. Just decided to shift the focus from long distances for short, and therefore began to run in a new program on a more concentrated in econom
ically and geographically, the Volga Federal District. This time, abandoned the social component, eliminating the age restriction — "to improve the business areas." In fact — for fly mostly mature people, and they were stimulated.
About other regions have not forgotten, highlighting the organization 1.3 mlrdrubley cheap short routes. Again, listen to the aviators time correcting flaws.
"Recently, in April, have made changes to the program, and it began to make up for half the cost of transport voyage, regardless of the number of passengers. Glad that so quickly fix the bug — continues Vladimir Kiselevich. As a result, we as participants in this program will show profits in August , although I had only one loss. "
Agreed not to all
Last year, the government made a new breakthrough step in support of domestic and regional aviation aircraft. Was first developed and launched the program of subsidies to compensate for Russian airlines of the cost of lease payments for domestic aircraft. Compensation ranged from 15 to 30% of the contract. 1.2 billion rubles allow regional airlines to buy and sell aviapromyshlennikam 31 aircraft. Already this year, seeing more activity companies, funding increased almost two-fold — to 2.15 billion. In the beginning of this year, the program improved by developing new rules for the distribution of subsidies. But they do not take into account the interests of all market participants. And it should be the same — yesterday, August 12, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev its decision again amended the rules for the distribution of subsidies to the new proposals.
"The main thing in these amendments is that now rules allow for aircraft with turboprop engines and the number of seats to 75 and turbofan engines with a seating capacity of at least 78 and not more than 103, — the" Expert Online "Sergei Isvolsky, Advisor to the Head of the Federal Agency Air Transport (Federal Air Transport Agency.) — Under this category fall of domestic aircraft SuperJet-100 and AN — 148. clear that their inclusion in the program of subsidizing lease other vessels will contribute to the development of their production. Another important change is that the unitary state enterprises also can participate in the subsidy program of leasing. They appealed to the Federal Air Transport Agency, we have their interests represented in the Ministry of Transport, and were heard. "
As a result, the regional companies now plan to purchase under a lease agreement for more than five aircraft. This is mainly about the companies "Kras", "Chukchi Air" and "Orenburg Airport."
"For us, it is particularly important event! Earlier, we were sad that we as a state-owned company did not have the right to receive subsidies, — says Vladimir Kiselevich. — And now we have expanded to the rules. We basically have four aircraft took on the lease agreement, but Now, with the possibility of subsidizing take fifth. Given that we have taken a new fleet of up to 19 seats per aircraft, which is also welcomed, we can qualify for 49 million rubles in subsidies. "
But not everyone is so optimistic.
"I do not think that this decision radically solve many problems of the regional aviation. Smaller regional airlines remaining units, they finish off the remainder of his fleet and not all are able to recover, — says Alexey Ivanov., So now enjoy these subsidies that almost no one. Example, "Air Samara" was going to take on lease three aircraft together with the airline of Mordovia. But one selected operator’s certificate. "
Paul Piskun, Director of International Business Development JSC "Sberbank Leasing", believes that this document should work seriously. More precisely, to supplement it with new parts.
"Expanding opportunities for leasing — it’s the right move. But further steps are necessary and what we often say when interacting with the government and, in principle, find an understanding, — says Paul Piskun. — We propose to expand the list of those who may receive subsidies aircraft leasing contracts. Besides, now subsidize only finance leases. And if we extend the rules and have the opportunity to bring under operating leases, the number of transactions increase, respectively, the carriage will be active. in the government, in principle, it is understood, is working with the regulations and soon, we hope, will be the new qualitative changes in the market. "
Given that, as previously worked on the improvement of the state program of subsidies pripriobretenie air craft, I suppose, leasing companies, too, can count on success.
"The main thing is that we are seeing a positive trend from the implementation of state programs in the development of the regional aviation, they are increasing the volume of traffic and are ready to expand its fleet by larger aircraft, — says Sergey Isvolsky. — For example, in late May," Muscovy "acquired SuperJet-100. So effect of incentive programs in aviation gives a direct and tangible effect. "
State support inter-regional air transport market gives the multiplicative effect: it support domestic aviation industry, regional development and strengthening of their business activity, increase the tax base, and more. Maybe now it makes sense to go a step further and, for example, to link the development of the industry with other state programs that pursue similar goals? A move is where. According to the Aircraft Certification Center of the State Research Institute of Civil Aviation in the next 20 letprognoziruetsya increase in air traffic in Russia with an average annual rate 6,3-7,8%. This will form the demand of airlines for the 1540 1870magistralnyh and regional passenger 420-500 aircraft in a period prior to 2031 is at goda.To regional aviation has all the chances to stand firmly on the wing.