Sukhoi Superjet 100 — a test operation

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B April the new Russian Regional Jet Sukhoi Superjet 100 will celebrate the first anniversary of the start of operation. Over the past year, the program has made several important steps: the aircraft was certified in Europe for standards EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency — European Aviation Safety Agency), has opened a training center and earned a system service support. The first results SSJ 100, seems to satisfy the current operators, but the continued success of the program depends on how quickly the "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft" (GSC) will be able to increase production and to adapt to the requirements of new aircraft customers.

At the end of February were operating six SSJ 100: The first aircraft in April 2011 received the Armenian airline "Armavia", the other five cars transferred to the "Aeroflot". The act of acceptance of his sixth Sukhoi Superjet 100 Russian carrier signed on February 28, and on the commercial routes, he was released in March.

As of early February, six operating aircraft flew 6,500 flight hours, following the 3900 cycles. The current operators demonstrate different approaches to the use of their SSJ 100. Airplane "Armavia" flies as a regional and on short-haul flights from Yerevan airport 32 Russia, Ukraine, Europe and the Middle East. The longest flight SSJ 100, reported by the carrier, was on route Yerevan-Madrid length of over 4,000 km.

The average SSJ 100 Armenian carrier is in the air for 7 hours per day, the maximum daily plaque according airlines 16.5 hours The average plaque, thus approximately 210 hours

"Aeroflot" to begin using the Sukhoi Superjet 100 flight from Russia (10 airports) and Minsk — at a maximum range of 2,000 km. Operation of flights to foreign countries (Oslo and Budapest) began in December 2011 "Aeroflot" say their SSJ 100 is performed by oborotnyh 2-3 flights a day, the daily flying aircraft can reach up to 11.9 flight hours. However, the average raid on the aircraft at the expense of shorter flights (an average of 1 hour 10 minutes to 2 hours and 20 minutes at the "Armavia") is lower than that of the Armenian carrier, and is about 180 hours on the best indicators of the number of flights per month and the month raid were reached in September at Sun RA-89002 (151 and 231.5 flight hours flight).

Despite the fact that the operation of a new aircraft type is always some technical risks, "Aeroflot" is not experiencing great difficulties with his fleet of SSJ 100. "All the speculation that" Aeroflot "dissatisfied aircraft are absolutely groundless," — said in the beginning, the Deputy General Director — Commercial Director of "Aeroflot" Andrew Kalmyks.

The first experience of technical support 

For the maintenance of SSJ 100 meets Russian-Italian joint venture SuperJet International (SJI), formed by the "dry" and Alenia Aermacchi. Support SaM146 engines via joint venture PowerJet, which created the Russian NPO "Saturn" and France’s Snecma. According to a former executive director of SJI Carlo Loli (left his post at the end of February), from the beginning operation of the aircraft was established a task force of representatives from the major suppliers, SJI and SCAC for the daily support aircraft.

Until November linear service aircraft "Aeroflot" was carried out by experts of the task force, and in December such forms of service airline began to carry out on its own. A related strategy is shared by "Armavia". Both the carrier has already made a few A-check their SSJ 100, which are held after 750 flight hours (100 days). The first form of C-check to be reached by air raid in 7500 hours (6000 cycles or two years of operation).

First half planes "Aeroflot" and their engines serviced under the warranty agreement. In February, the Board of Directors approved the airline’s deal to conclude a service agreement with GHS for maintenance SSJ 100. It should be signed in the near future and will be valid until June 2, 2023 GSS signed an agreement because the contract for the supply of Sukhoi Superjet 100 "Aeroflot" was made before the formation of SJI.

By convention, the GSS will organize MRO components installed on the aircraft, repair of failed components, as well as rent for the repair of components.

Agreement stipulates time operational component supply operation for the following cases: AOG — 4 hours, Critical (for defects in accordance with the pending MEL category A) — 12 hr, ASAP (for defects in accordance with the pending MEL categories B and C) — 72 h, Routine (in the process of setting forms TO) MEL — no more than 15 calendar days. GSS will provide accommodation in stock at Sheremetyevo part of that range and as many as are necessary "Aeroflot".

Service SaM146 engine aircraft "Aeroflot" is happening on an agreement to support the customer, but the airline and PowerJet already discussing the signing of the service agreement. As the deputy managing director of NPO "Saturn" — SaM146 program director Michael Berdennikov, and prices agreed repair costs will be borne by the payment of motor carrier fixed rate per flight hour of the engine depending on the mode of operation.

PowerJet will allocate maintenance work between the "Saturn" and Snecma according to the area of responsibility of each. "But since we are responsible for the assembly and testing of the engine and as available today, customers are in Russia and the CIS, the main venue for repairs in the future is the" Saturn "- says Michael Berdennikov. Rybinsk company has already received a certificate for the repair of engines from IAC, before the end of the year a similar document is received from the EASA. At the same time the company will launch a specialized repair shop SaM146.

In addition, PowerJet has opened two centers of training customers — in Rybinsk and French Villyaroshe and parts warehouses in the Moscow Litkarino and France. "We proceed from the assumption that the stock of spare parts in Russia will provide customers who are in Russia and the surrounding region, and the warehouse in France will provide Western Europe and North America, customers" — said Berdennikov. The Russian stock is a stock of engines, spare engines in Europe will be posted as they become available there SSJ 100 local operators.

According Berdennikova, reliability index SaM146 departure is at 99.9%. "Technical problems were, naturally, but the most important thing is that organized system of cooperation in the event of such problems triggered by 100%," — he stressed.

Education for new standards 

At the same time the
system has been deployed training customers SSJ 100. In December 2011 in Zhukovsky, in the LII. Gromov, officially opened the Centre for training of aviation personnel (TCCS) for the operators of the aircraft. The center was built by the GSS, but will be used SJI.

The main training facility of the new center was a complex flight simulator FFS Reality 7, developed by French company Thales Training & Simulation. According to the GSS, now this machine is certified by the P, but later it will be certified to the highest level D. Yet one such simulator is planned to put in 2012 in the training center of "Aeroflot" at Sheremetyevo and SJI in Venice. In addition, the Centre in Zhukovsky a teaching computer systems CBT, procedural trainer FPTD, stationary flight simulator and trainer FTD LV emergency rescue training CEET.

The training of pilots and technicians for the Sukhoi Superjet 100 was launched even before the start of deliveries of aircraft themselves. By mid-January 2012 at the "Aeroflot" was already 20 crews for the aircraft, 24 flight attendants, instructors and more than 100 technicians. Starting this year, TCCS will conduct annual retraining to 180 pilots and 250 technicians.

This year has started SJI Training Center in Venice, where the staff will be trained customers from Europe, America and Africa. As previously stated Carlo Loli, the first year the company expects to prepare in Venice about 50 pilots.

Constructors "Dry" proved that they are able to create a modern airliner. In early February 2012 SSJ 100 received a certificate EASA, which gives the opportunity to start his delivery outside the CIS. However, the certification process does not complete. In addition, GHS will have to increase the rate of production SSJ 100 to this aircraft is not the same fate as many other new domestic liners that are available in single units.

The first year of mass production can not be called successful — in 2011, SCA has delivered only 5 aircraft at the stated plans of 14 cars. However, so far only GSS builds efficient system assembly. According to company president Vladimir Prysyazhnyuk, the rate of production will continue to grow: this year is planned to deliver 23 Sukhoi Superjet 100, in 2013 — 40 aircraft, and in 2014 — 60 BC. Given that the first two months of 2012 GSS was able to deliver only two aircraft, the manufacturer will have to make serious efforts to achieve these goals. Sources in the SCAC say that these measures include the optimization of the production process as in the assembly shop at Komsomolsk-on-Amur and its discharge through the transfer of more operations to suppliers. As part of the KLA discussed the possibility of organizing finishing salons SSJ 100 at Ulyanovsk plant "Aviastar-SP" and the production of an aircraft wing at the Kazan Gorbunov, but this is clearly not the issue in 2012.

The task of increasing production rates and costs to suppliers GSS. For example, earlier accused the producers of "Saturn" delays in the supply of engines, which hampered the production of aircraft. In 2010, the "Saturn" has set SCA six SaM146, in 2011 — 15 engines, this year, the partners agreed to supply 48 series power plants for the SSJ 100. According to the director of the program SaM146, engine manufacturers have analyzed the entire process chain of production and revealed the possibility of expanding bandwidth. "In January 2012, the bandwidth we had 2 engines per month by the end of this year — the beginning of 2013th, we have to go on at 8 engines per month," — explained Berdennikov. The production plan for 2013 is 96 engines, and at the peak of production Sukhoi Superjet 100 "Saturn" is calculated annually collect up to 150 SaM146.

According Prysyazhnyuk, this year‘s GSS expects to deliver 10 Sukhoi Superjet 100 "Aeroflot", two cars airline "Yakutia" another plane for "Armavia". The remaining 10 SSJ 100 will be exported. Four SSJ 100 receives the Mexican airline Interjet, three aircraft will be handed over to the Indonesian carrier Sky Aviation and Lao Airlines Lao Central. Documents to validate the certificate of the European aviation authorities of Mexico, Indonesia and Laos already filed.

However, the increase in supply will require an expansion of the type certificate, because it does not fit all customers approved limits. In fact, EASA validated the certificate issued for the type that base SSJ 100 (RRJ-95B) received a year ago from the IAC. Among the major limitations specified in the European certificate, perhaps, is to highlight the airport height restrictions based at 1,524 meters, operating temperature (± 40 ° C) and category landing CAT I (in certificate IAC — CAT II). But, for example, for Interjet required height of 2580 m at home and expansion at high temperatures, for "Yakutia" — on the contrary, at low temperature operation, and potentially Indonesians would like to SSJ 100 was landing category IIIA.

As the first vice-president of SCA in the development and certification Igor Vinogradov, documents for the extension of the type certificate based on height and high temperatures have already validated in the MAC. Also this year will get a certificate extension for landing on CAT IIIA, to approve a new passenger lounge for "Aeroflot" and a number of other options.

SCA president Vladimir Prysiazhnyuk also promised that 2013 will be certified version of the SSJ 100LR with increased up to 4578 km flight range. It will have new engines SaM146-1S18 with increased 5% takeoff thrust. This engine has been certified by EASA in January of this year. In addition, the fuselage SSJ 100LR will be implemented a number of improvements to reduce the weight of the structure, and in the future it will be the base for all versions of the aircraft.

Expansion of the operating conditions and the certification of new aircraft modification should potentially attract new customers. Now firm orders Sukhoi Superjet 100, excluding already delivered cars is 161 aircraft. Last GSS received new orders six months ago, at the MAKS-2011. This year will show how the results of the operation and the first mass production of SSJ 100 will be able to expand the number of customers, which in turn will provide an occasion to discuss the possibility of further active development of this program in the direction of increasing the capacity of the aircraft.  

Firm orders for SSJ 100 (as of 01.03.2012)



Customer Ordered aircraft Delivered by aircraft
"Armavia" 2 1
"Aeroflot" 30 6
"Gazpromavia" 10
"VEB-Leasing" (for "UTair") 24
FLC (for "Yakutia") 2
Blue Panorama 4
Interjet 15
Kartika 30
Lao Central Airlines    
(Formerly Phongsavanh Airlines) 3
Pearl Aviation 30
PT Sky Aviation 12
Willis Lease Finance Corp. 6
In total 168 7

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