Continuing the theme of the design analysis of the latest Russian T-90ms, we’ll see how it had affairs with the fire control system. After all, a MSA "Kalina" — this is the main feature in all of this wonderful machine.
The basis of complex airborne equipment is modern, world-class SLAs "Kalina" in the multispectral gunner’s sight, commander’s panoramic sight with a digital ballistic computer and a set of sensors in the shooting conditions. In the FCS integrated combat management information system tactical level. The multispectral MSA is designed to provide high efficiency of the combat vehicle in the conflicts of different levels within a day (day and night). Multispectral integrated sights zabronevoy occupy a smaller volume, and the MSA as a whole has a much smaller government, which simplifies training of crews and maintenance of the tank.
At acquisition mixed tank units with tanks and fighting vehicles of the fire support type BMPT high degree of commonality MSA is a must in this case is provided. Such unification is guaranteed due to the extensive use of new developments in the field, committed in the performance of OCD "Slingshot-1" and especially "Frame 99".
Integration into ASUtb performed as part of the ROC "slider". The general principle MSA "Kalina" is a complex interaction of sighting system, weapon systems, electric stabilized guided weapons systems, arms control actuators, control panels and control panels with the appropriate equipment computer system OMS capable of receiving data signals, generating control commands and other the necessary information in accordance with the algorithms of the LMS in various modes.
At the same pair of elements provided by the exchange of information over a shared channel (GOST R 52070-2003 — the Russian equivalent of the U.S. military standard MIL-STD-1553). The structure of OMS integrated in the same equipment staging system spray and smoke screens, the instrument provides recognition "friend or foe" and the work of the automated control system of a tank battalion (ASUtb).
The main elements of MSAs are combined Gunner ISM "Sosna-U" and the commander’s panoramic sight PC PAN "Hawkeye", made in the form of a complete multi-functional sighting system, which provides the gunner and the commander of the high efficiency of combat use of weapons by the broad search capabilities at any Time of day (day in low visibility conditions and at night), high-precision line of sight stabilization in two planes.
In general, the search and observation and sighting opportunities MSA "Kalina" is provided by a comprehensive approach to the detection and recognition of targets by means of: the integration of the tank through a system of cooperation in ASUtb, which allows to get information about the type and location of known targets; aggregation visualization system interact with information on the current status observation sector commander pan, allowing to quickly move the field of view of the panorama in the areas of target detected on the digital map, the most rapid detection and identification of targets through the use of multispectral commander panoramic sight, having a low-level TV channel (observation in the visible spectrum) and TP-channel (observation in the IR spectrum), as well as through the use of modes of treatment (improvement) of the observed image, capturing and tracking of targets at its transfer through targeting regime in the field of computer vision multi-Gunner ( implementation of the function "hunter-shooter"), aggregation prism instruments commander, providing a near visibility, with a commanding view at the expense of the organization bringing the panorama mode to the selected prism instruments, as well as displaying information on the status of the line of sight in the panorama of the views of the prism unit. Upgraded stabilizer arms provides high speed transfer — up to 40 deg / sec.
Assessing the MSA "Kalina" on a set of capabilities and range of tasks, it is possible to declare, without false modesty, the fact of creating a Russian tank MSA is not only relevant to the world level, but also surpassing it.