The Arctic. Severe Murmansk


  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

"The final leg of our trip was a visit by polar region of Murmansk — the largest city in the world, located above the Arctic Circle. The basis of the economy of the city — Murmansk sea port — one of the largest ice-free ports in Russia. Once seen, our Moscow Southern port seems quite baby … " 

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

1. The first point shooting was the slide in the north of the city with views of the oil platform "Prirazlomnaja."

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

2. The city was extended more than 20 miles along the rocky east coast of the Kola Bay, and nearly all of this stretch of coastline is itself a solid port.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

3.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

4. Fixed Offshore Platforms "Prirazlomnaja" — the world’s first ice-resistant oil platform, designed to develop the Prirazlomnoye field in the Pechora Sea. The uniqueness of the platform is that it will work in Arctic.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

5. The total height of the platform — 141 meters, the length and width of 120 meters (the length of a football field), and weight — more than 110,000 tons.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

6. The scale of the design can be evaluated by little men-bug.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

8. Heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser, one of the Navy of Russia in its class, "Admiral Kuznetsov". Prior to this cruiser called the "Soviet Union", "Riga", "Leonid Brezhnev" and "Tbilisi". Currently, the Russian ships of this class are not built. (Photo clickable)

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

9. September 5, 2005 in the North Atlantic on this cruiser have been two emergency landings of Su-33. One of the fighters fell into the ocean and sank to a depth of 1100 meters, the second kept on deck. The cause of both accidents was broken cable arresting gear (thick steel cable, which is used to stop the forced aircraft). Sunken aircraft planned to destroy the depth charges in connection with the presence of classified equipment, but it turned out that it can be done. The Navy has expressed the hope that the plane was destroyed himself.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

10. Next we went to the observation deck to "Alyosha" — the memorial complex "Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War."

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

11. The complex is built on a hill Green Cape, which towers over the city and the Kola Bay in the 173 meters. During World War II Murmansk has repeatedly been attacked by land and air. Stationed in the Arctic 150000th German army was Hitler’s directive to capture the city and port of Murmansk, which went through loads of allied countries for the supply of the country and the army. By calculations of the German command, Murmansk had to be taken in a few days.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

12. Double-German troops undertook a general offensive against Murmansk, but both the offensive failed. After the city repulsed the offensive, the enemy attacked him from the air, dropping during the war, a total of 185,000 bombs and committing 792 plaque.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

13. According to the number and density caused by bombing the city of Murmansk Soviet cities is second only to Stalingrad. As a result of the bombing had destroyed three-quarters of the buildings.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

14. From the late 1980s on the dock in the northern part of the city, in close proximity to residential areas, based fuel ship "Lepse". During the construction of the nuclear icebreaker "Lenin" was found out that for the normal operation of an icebreaker to escort the vessel, specially equipped to receive radioactive waste and reactor cooling water circuits. "Lepse" conducted 14 operations on the charge of nuclear fuel at nuclear icebreaker "Lenin", "Arctic" and "Siberia". Emergency spent fuel from nuclear reactors, breakers is in its storage until now. Total on board, dating back 1934, a total of 260 kg of stored uranium fission products 156 kg and 8 kg of plutonium fissile radionuclide. Disposal of this ship will cost about 40 million euros.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

15. Murmansk port consists of three parts: Fishing port, commercial port and passenger. In recent years, there has ousting all other trading port because of increased exports of coal and other mineral resources, for the reception and storage of Murmansk where the necessary infrastructure. From the constant discharge of coal, the city gradually sinking in coal dust, and all the snow is gray, as in the Siberian Prokopyevsk.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

16. District Abram-Mys. In principle, there is everything you need for life: shops, dry cleaners, movie theaters, schools, etc.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

18. Large role in the economy of the city is playing October Railway. Despite the development of road and maritime transport much of the cargo is transported by rail.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Seve
    re Murmansk
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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

24. View from the bridge across the Kola Bay.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

25. (Photo clickable)

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

28. It can be seen that the coal is unloaded at the port of …

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

31. View from the Cape of Abram.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

34. Next to the marina put on eternal parking atomic icebreaker "Lenin".

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

38. Panorama of evening Murmansk. (Photo clickable)

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

39. Murmansk commercial port and the memorial "Alesha".

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

41. By the way, about the weather. Unlike many northern cities in Murmansk observed abnormally high winter temperatures. Because of the proximity of warm air masses carried by the Gulf Stream, the average temperature in January and February about? 10? 12 ° C.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

42. Polar night in the latitude of Murmansk lasts from December 2 to January 11, the polar day — from May 22 to July 22.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

43. A four-car bridge across the Kola Bay is one of the longest in Russia and the longest road bridge above the Arctic Circle.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

44. The bridge became a hub motor, provides road link with the western regions of Murmansk, Murmansk region, as well as with Norway and Finland.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

46. Marine Station.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

47. Nuclear-powered icebreaker "Lenin" — the world’s first nuclear-powered surface vessel propulsion. The use of this icebreaker has significantly extend the navigation in the Northern Sea Route. Icebreaker "Lenin" and worked for 30 years in 1989, was decommissioned.

  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

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  • The Arctic. Severe Murmansk.

50. This concludes our three-day trip was over and we went to a sleeping car train from Murmansk to Moscow.

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