The development of the international transport corridor (ITC) North-South (Volga Railway)

One of the most important activities JSC "Russian Railways" is the development of International transport corridor "North-South" (Volga Railway).

Based on the research of cargo base ITC "North — South", conducted by Ministry of Transport of Russia, identified the possible volume of freight traffic in the long run — up to 10 million tons per year of non-oil and oil products. This figure is included and turnover of Russia with Iran, India, the Persian Gulf and South-East Asia, as well as the volume of transit goods from these countries through the territory of Russia.

The Caspian region is a gateway through which Iran, Uzbekistan, Western China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, and other Asian countries have restrictions on the exit to the ocean communications, trading and will trade with Europe, The volume of this trade have a stable upward trend. In the context of the struggle for a niche in the global market is impossible to overestimate the importance of the Astrakhan region as the southern gate of trade of the country. Russia goes through the Caspian Sea to the markets with a total population of around half a billion people.

The territory of the Astrakhan region, and in particular the Astrakhan transport hub, due to its geographical location, is a major transportation hub and is, thanks to the Volga and the Caspian Sea, the shortest and most convenient route connecting Europe with Central Asia, India and Pakistan, the countries around the Indian Ocean. The opening of a new transport corridor Bombay — Bandar Abbas — Anzali — Astrakhan is a profitable alternative to the existing route now in terms of reducing the time and cost of transportation.

The development of water corridor Volga — Don — Danube will increase the flow of goods from the countries of the Caspian basin, the Middle East, the Gulf and South-West Asia, Russia, the CIS and Europe. According to experts, it will be about 20 million tons.

The intensive development of hydrocarbon reserves in the Caspian Sea, the increase in year-round shipment of petroleum products in the Astrakhan region of Russia and abroad dictate the need for the development of rail and water schemes of general cargo and petroleum products. For this purpose built and put into operation a spur line from the station Trusovo and two-way flyover at an oil storage N3 in Ilinka Ikryanskogo region Astrakhan region. In the current year it is planned to increase the amount of recycled oil cargo of up to 2 million tons. And, if carried out before discharge only crude oil, but now working with other transporters of oil cargo (fuel oil, diesel fuel, etc.).

One of the most promising in the field of port industry is a new sea trading port of Olya. Government of the Russian Federation, it is assigned to the category of the most important federal facilities and is included in the Federal Target Program "Modernization of transport system of Russia."
The favorable geographical position Olya port allows year-round exercise transshipment.

Commissioning of the railway access road length of 50 km can reduce the travel time from Mumbai (India) to Moscow on 10-15 days against the route through the Baltic ports and reducing the cost of delivery of goods for more than 10%.

Construction of the access road was carried out on the basis of the approved feasibility study, developed the design institute of "Mosgiprotrans."

Construction of the facility is scheduled to be carried out in three stages, based on the following targets:
The first phase of the work provides a rail link to the port of Olya general railway network of the working conditions at the port container berth, two general cargo berths, grain berth and two temporary storage areas (temporary storage for the customs inspection), served by rail, with opportunities for transshipment to 1 million tons of cargo a year.

The second phase of the development work has a driveway and a station port Olya for the organization of cargo transportation in the amount of 4.0 million tons per year.

The third stage of the work associated with the construction of port facilities in the area Zaburunye and increase the port’s capacity to 8.0 million tons.

In accordance with the guidance of OAO "Russian Railways’ decision in August this year were completed major work on dumping sub grade railroad, construction of artificial structures and laying the permanent way. August 29 this year, held a trial container train pass their port of Olya on art. Yandyki.

During the construction of the access road and a spur line approach station to the seaport Olga:

Made from the area of 9 roads, pipelines 8, 12 high-voltage lines, 11 lines;

Backfilled with 1.9 million m3 of embankments, developed more than 0.6 million m3 of excavation;

Built 44 artificial structures, including 7 medium-sized bridges, level crossings 9;

Laid 50 km of main, 11 km of station tracks, 18 switches, 53 km of the communication cable and 59 km of longitudinal 10 kV;

Built a set of necessary buildings;

Offset the damage biological resources, fish stocks, wildlife, taking into account losses in the territory of the withdrawal.

Construction period reduced from 2.5 years (on the project) to 11 months. Until the end of this year will be completed all the work on the first phase of construction in the amount of the approved feasibility study and a spur line to be adopted into a permanent operation.

According to estimates, the construction cost of 1 km length of the line with necessary facilities (communication, power supply, industrial and office buildings, manufacturing equipment, the costs of environmental protection, etc.) is determined in the amount of 60 million rubles (in 2004 prices). Thus, the cost is only 50 km stretch of 3 billion rubles. For comparison — the cost of building in the region spur line from the station. Trusovo Volga Railroad to oil base number 3 to 17 km $ 990 million.

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