Department of Statistics of the Eurasian Economic Commission summed up the external and mutual trade in goods of the Customs Union in 2012.
So, according to official information, the volume of bilateral trade between the — of the Customs Union in 2012 increased by 8.7% compared with the previous year, foreign trade — by 3.2%.
The volume of foreign trade of the Customs Union with third countries in 2012 amounted to $ 939.3 billion, including export — $ 600.1 billion, import — $ 339.2 billion compared with 2011, the volume of foreign trade increased by 3.2 %, or $ 28.7 billion value of exports increased by 2.6%, or $ 15.5 billion, imports — by 4.1%, or $ 13.2 billion deficit of the foreign trade of the Customs Union was positive of $ 260.9 billion in 2011, its value was $ 258.7 billion
Now the statistics on specific countries. Belarus for 2012 increased its exports by 10.2%, while reducing imports by 6.9%. In Russia exports rose by 1.6% and imports increased by 3.2%, Kazakhstan — growth rates were, respectively, 6.1% and 26.6%.
The volume of bilateral trade — the members of the Customs Union in 2012 was $ 68.6 billion, an increase compared to 2011 by 8.7%. The trade turnover between Belarus and Russia reached $ 43.9 billion, an increase of 9.6%, its share in all bilateral trade in the Customs Union was 64%. Commodity circulation of Belarus and Kazakhstan amounted to $ 0.9 billion (up 15.1%, the proportion — 1.3%). The trade turnover of Russia and Kazakhstan reached the level of $ 23.8 billion (an increase of 6.8%, the share — 34.7%).
How can we evaluate these figures? Chairman of the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission Viktor Khristenko, representing Russia,
that to date have benefited from the emergence of the Customs Union of Belarus, "if you take specific":
— Most of the Belarusian economy — manufacturing and mechanical engineering. These sectors more than others benefit from integration. According to the dynamics of registrations of small and medium-sized business leader Kazakhstan. At 2.5 times increased trade between Belarus and Kazakhstan. Competition begins jurisdictions and administrations, the struggle for efficiency. And it’s very good. In general, as long as strict in counting mode, gains and losses spend is not quite correct — we have a systematic long-term project.
Here is the opinion of Kazakhstan. The Minister of Finance Bolat Jamishev
— When people talk about the effectiveness of the Customs Union, it is important to understand that the Customs Union, creating a single economic space, a business conditions for the expansion of the markets, reduces barriers to such expansion, but does not guarantee. It is clear that the competition was, is and will.
Next, the Kazakh Minister said that for some items Kazakhstan companies have achieved growth in exports to the vehicle, but on the whole Kazakh exports to the TC "dipped", which to date is fine:
— In principle, I think it’s justified, because our goal — to create conditions for the development of the business, but business should certainly be competitive.
In turn, Belarus stressed that to achieve a positive balance of foreign trade in 2012 failed, despite pressure from the outside and the volatile situation in the world economy. As
— Execution of the tasks entrusted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2012 took place in difficult conditions, defined as the continued pressure on Belarus from the outside, and the unstable situation in the world economy. Despite this, the President of the forecast parameter set by the balance of foreign trade in goods and services made.
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