After several years of preparation, a unique National Park "Russian Arctic" finally starts working. The first task — cleansing the territory of the former dirt.
Today in Russia some 40 national parks, but the most amazing of them — the National Park "Russian Arctic", which was established by order of the Russian government and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin specifically for the protection of Victoria Island, the northern part of Novaya Zemlya and the State Natural Reserve " Franz Josef Land. "
Park "Russian Arctic" was created to preserve the unique nature of the Arctic in that region are little affected ecosystems rich in diversity of wildlife.
Originally intended only to place the park in the Franz Josef on an area of 8,000,000 hectares, but for various reasons, the project had to be revised, and at the moment, "Russian Arctic" is 1.426 million hectares and includes the territory of the North Island of Novaya Zemlya with surrounding lands and waters.
Park "Russian Arctic" is really unique: it is one of the most protected areas in the high-latitude Russia, which has never been the resident population. This rare species of animals: polar bears, bowhead whale, which was nearly destroyed in the XVIII-XIX centuries, seals, ringed seals, arctic foxes, northern sea gull, on the island of Alexandra is the main base of breeding Atlantic walruses. In addition, this region is famous for the largest in the North "rookeries" — there are about sixty.
Park director Roman Ershov suggests for "Russian Arctic" work in three main areas: the preservation of historical and cultural sites and natural systems, the organization of adventure tourism, as well as conducting environmental education and scientific research. Already approved by the maximum number of employees of the park — 47 people on the development of the park from the budget in 2011 allocated 23.3 million rubles.
The first work will begin in the current field season: from July to September. "And in the Arctic is Summer" — jokes Roman Viktorovich. That summer, you can do the hard work, especially in August — the most warm and snowless month, when possible improvement of infrastructure and major remediation of contamination from the former, which is the Government’s program is on the list of priorities for the organizers of the park. This purification of household garbage, old containers (eg, drums), as well as man-made pollution and the effects of nuclear weapons testing in the Arctic. A large scale "cleaning" with icebreakers and helicopters can take 10-15 years.
Also in the Arctic is an old abandoned polar station, which is necessary to conduct an inventory as soon as possible. Then in the park will be built facilities to accommodate people: "Some Arctic modular structure for inspectors, tourists, research groups," — explains how Roman Ershov. Further development is associated with transport — helipads, a choice of places to dock small boats and the places where they could get up on the anchor without affecting the nature of large vessels.
From the historical and cultural point of view, "Russian Arctic" is interesting because it is here that spent the last year of his life the Dutch explorer Willem Barents and hence left in his last voyage. In general, this area is inextricably linked with the study of the Arctic. "It was a constant springboard for the passage of the North Pole, especially for amateur groups" — the head of the reserve, "Franz Josef Land." New famed and Russian names: Sedov, Brusilov. In the past year, has successfully completed the first archaeological work on finding the remains of the expedition Albanova, and they will certainly continue.
Other issues to work "Russian Arctic" associated with impressive climate change in the North as a whole. "The year 2007 was, in this sense is very revealing: the Arctic has warmed much has changed mode of the ice cover, and the problems of the existence of polar bears and other inhabitants of the Arctic" — explains Amirhan Amirhanov, deputy head of the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources. The warming of the economic costs will continue to rise, and the open operation of the Northern Sea Route will only add to the problems of environmental protection. But interest in the Arctic today, even China, so do not deal with its problems. Amirhan Amirhanov emphasizes: "This area is vulnerable, but very valuable for conservation of genetic resources of the planet."