Russia fulfilled its international obligations to protect tiger created in Primorye Reserve "Sredneussuriysky" connect the population of tigers in the Sikhote-Alin with a group of tigers on the ridge Vandashan in China.
Reserve "Sredneussuriysky" connect Tigers Russia and China on the ridge Strelnikova / ridge Vandashan
Primorye Governor Vladimir Miklushevsky signed a decree on the establishment of a new regional natural ecological goszakaznika "Sredneussuriysky", that will help to preserve the Amur tiger population, listed in the Red Book, said the regional administration.
A new state natural biological reserve "Sredneussuriysky" got the status of regional significance. In its territory, including Siberian tigers live. The Amur tiger is listed in the International Red Book, in Russia these animals live only in Primorsky and Khabarovsk regions. According to the last census, the population of a rare beast in our country has about 450 species.
"The reserve is a special regime of forests, according to which industrial logging is prohibited. Exceptions are the only measures for the care of forests," — said in a statement.
According to the management of forests of Primorye Territory, the creation of reserves and output of the industrial development of the walnut-fishing zones will contribute to the conservation of the Amur tiger.
Note that the Primorye — one of the most forest regions, not only in Russia but also in the world. In its richness and diversity of coastal forests are unique — in the province there are about 400 species of trees, shrubs and vines, many of which are endemic and relict.
The total forest area of Primorye is 12,917 thousand hectares, 45% of them are completely out of service or have a limited mode of use, it reserves, national parks, wildlife or specially protected forest areas.
In recent years, the province set up national parks, "Call of the Tiger," "Udege Legend" and "Land of Leopard", and the work on the creation of protected areas of regional and federal levels continues.
The scheme of the Russian-Chinese cross-border corridors for tigers and map reserve "Sredneussuriysky"
Earlier reserve area "Sredneussuriysky" hit the center of public attention in connection with the plans of JSC "Les Export" industrial logging in the area.
Against the logging of these important areas for tigers were environmentalists, led by WWF. As a result, in July 2011, the issue of deforestation in a bikini theme of the meeting was chaired by the deputy Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov.
According to the list of instructions drawn up by Zubkov after the meeting, WWF and JSC "Les Export" were to determine the "territory in return areas Pozharskaya nut-fishing zones and created the state reserve" Sredneussuriysky. "
Sredneussuriyskogo total area is 72.7 ha reserve
Reserve "Sredneussuriysky" and Pozharskaya nut-fishing zone play a key role in preserving the Amur tiger. These cedar-broadleaf forests on the ridge Strelnikova are the latest ecological corridor connecting the population of tigers in the Russian part of the range Limited group of tigers on the ridge Vandashan in China.
"Creating a sanctuary" Sredneussuriysky "is the key to saving a transboundary corridor between Russia and China, which is essential to restore the tiger in China and provide it with a normal life in the north of Primorye — Says the director of the Amur branch of WWF Russia Yury Darman. — This is an important step, but not all the way, which we have yet to go through. The second thing to do — remove all POZHARSKAYA cedar nut-fishing zone from commercial logging and give it to the people who will collect nuts, not logging. This is also a key area for the community and for the Tigers, almost 40 thousand hectares. In general, it is necessary to adopt amendments to the Forest Code, to ensure that all nut-fishing zones in the tiger range working on their intended purpose — to maintain ecosystem services, and the collection of non-timber products, and have not been leased, the rest of the forest. "
The total area Sredneussuriyskogo reserve is 72.7 hectares, it is located mostly within Pozharsky district of Primorsky Krai (56.7 hectares), between the state border of the Russian Federation, China and the infrastructure corridor, including the M60 motorway "Ussuri" Khabarovsk-Vladivostok , Trans-Siberian Railway track nefte-/gazoprovoda (see map). Reserve a small area is also part of Dalnerechensky area (16.0 ha). The southern section of the reserve is unique in the Far stork nesting density — up to 17 breeding pairs by 20 hectares of suitable wetland, which is about 2.5% of the world population of this endangered species!
Renewal of the sanctuary "Sredneussuriysky" was developed in 2010 by the efforts of scientists and experts, Far East Branch of WWF Russia. A huge role in this was played by the study D.G.Pikunova tiger (PGI FEB RAS) and S.G.Surmacha by storks and cranes (BPI FEB RAS). Project documentation prepared V.P.Karakin (PGI FEB RAS), and Yu.A.Darman S.I.Titova (World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia). Held successful public hearings in Pozharsky and Dalnerechensk areas and in September 2010, approved by the state environmental review, approved by the Administration of Primorsky Krai. The problems encountered with the creation of the reserve, personally supervised by Putin and Sergei Ivanov.