In the next five years, the U.S. will be forced to use the services of Russia to deliver its astronauts to the International Space Station, paying her for it at $ 450 million a year. This was announced at a hearing in the Committee on Science, Space and Technology of the U.S. House of Representatives NASA Administrator Charles Bolden.
"The ability to send a crew to the ISS without the help of Russia will have only in 2017," — said the head of the U.S. space agency. According to him, this situation has arisen because of poor planning in the past years and now it "has to correct."
United States refused to use the "shuttle", the latter of which made its maiden flight last summer, and are developing a new manned spacecraft and a heavy launch vehicle. However, Bolden said earlier that the first flight without a crew, they will be able to accomplish in 2017, and the crew — only 2021 m.
While contracts with Roskosmos sending crews to the ISS, NASA signed up to the spring of 2016. The draft budget for the U.S. space agency for the next fiscal year, notes that "in 2013, 6 seats reserved for American astronauts to the four" Union. "If after 2016, NASA will not be his ships, he’ll have to continue to purchase from Russia such services.
"We will pay Russia for 450 million dollars a year as long as America does not create its own capacity to deliver people into orbit," — said Bolden during a fairly emotional speech in Congress. "I know you do not want to do it — he added, turning to legislators — but we have to pay is the price."
NASA is supposed to spend in 2013 to transport astronauts and cargo to the station 1.3 billion dollars, and the whole program on the ISS — 3 billion
The budget of the U.S. space agency in the next fiscal year should be reduced and $ 17.7 billion. Savings of public funds in connection with the economic crisis hardest impact on NASA‘s science programs, including the exploration of the Moon and Mars. At the same time, will significantly increase the allocation for the development of American spacecraft that, in the future to eliminate dependence on Russia in sending crews to the ISS.