The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy

The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy

  • July 16th, 2012 at 9:03 AM

How many years of living ships? The exact answer to this question is likely to be found in books on seamanship.
Then we can try to find the oldest working ship in the fleet.
As part of the Black Sea Fleet, based in Sevastopol, is the oldest ship of the Navy of Russia — a rescue ship catamaran "The Commune," which is already in service 99 years.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

2. Rescue boat catamaran "Commune" — the oldest Russian Black Sea Fleet. November 12, 2012 will mark the 100th year anniversary of the favorites of the ship. The project is the first in the country’s history of a specialized double-hulled vessels — rescue submarine was developed in 1911 by order of the Naval General Staff. As the prototype used a German catamaran-rescuer "Volcano". The original name of the court — "Volkhov", and the name "Commune" was produced in 1922.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

3. "Commune" has a displacement of 3100 tons, its length — 81 m, width — 13.2 m, draft — 3.7 m
Full speed — 8.5 knots and a cruising range — 4000 miles.
No armament. Spec. Equipment: ship lifting equipment — left body 80 tons, the right body — 30 tons. The crew of 23 people.
It should be noted that the hull is made of steel and Putilov is, of course, is not an ideal, but in a completely operational. The ship is constantly exposed to the current repairs, because he certainly even by human standards, not even a pre-retirement, and deeply zapensionny age. 

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

4. Climb the ladder to the "Commune" to meet with the veteran closer.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

5. The plate with a brief history of the ship ..

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

6. In the cabin there is another plate. It is minted in the year you place your boat on the water — in 1915.
Interestingly, (and this is evident in the plate), coat of arms Putilov was changed much later.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

7. "The Commune" — a ship catamaran, between its sides move the mobile platform with the descent module.
In effect it is a four-cable, arranged in pairs on the sides of the ship to the front and rear parts of it

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

8. View of the platform with top farm

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

9. Huge drums with cables can immerse lander to a depth of 1 kilometer

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

10. Cables drive platform descent underwater vehicle

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

11. The main object of "Commune" — working remotely operated underwater vehicle RTNPA desert. Allows you to work at depths of up to 1 km (limited by cable length). Designed for search and detection of underwater objects using sonar, lifting up to 150 kg, cutting cables, etc.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

12. RTNPA equipped with 4 cameras, as well as a pair of manipulators. Removable handles, designed for a variety of purposes — the seizure of the object, setting the beacon, the capture cable, snacking or cutting.
The device is equipped with a 10-th engine, allowing to provide exceptional maneuverability

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

13. The manipulator with a cutting disc that allows for cutting metal and cables at a depth of up to 1 km

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

14. In yellow capsules are all electronic systems. When forced to dive out all the air is pumped out. This ensures complete sealing of the capsule by compression pressure of the water

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

15. Managing the bridge descent underwater vehicle. Facilities and equipment produced in Norway

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

18. Flybridge ship. 

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

19. The steering wheel and still retained some elements from the date of descent of the ship on the water — since 1915

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

20.

  • Rescue ship Commune

21.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

22. Ship "Commune" is based in Sevastopol Bay Musketeers on leased berths Naval Forces of Ukraine.
Here warships Russia and Ukraine stand side by side

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

23. Spotlight on fly bridge

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

24. The top cutting is at a height of 20 meters above sea level

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

25. Spare screws

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

26. Pointers length of anchor chain

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

27. The chain goes to sea …

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

28. Engine room. As the main engines on the "Commune" was originally set for two six-cylinder diesel engine of the Riga factory "Felser" with a capacity of 600 hp (310 rev / min). Later, they were replaced by diesel engines with similar characteristics Kolomna plant.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

29. The system alarm beeps in case of emergency situation

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

30.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

31. There is also a J. ..

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

32. The plate galley

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

33. Soon the team dinner

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

34. The piano in the officers’ mess. It is set during the construction of the vessel. Now make it not possible due to the difference in size and doorways

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

35. Bearing plate

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

36. In some places in the "Commune" has found pre-revolutionary tablet

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

37. Ammeters

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

38. Storm drain

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

39. On the Russian Navy Day to be celebrated July 29, 2012, the ship will carry out a task-tracking ship Neptune. In this regard, the team produces painting lifeboats for the parade in honor of the holiday 

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

40. First rescue vessel was used for its intended purpose in the summer of 1917, when in the Aland archipelago during the training dives with an open hatch sank the submarine K-15. Despite the fact that the rescue efforts prevented a violent storm, 16 (29), at 00 hours 50 minutes forces "Volkhov" the boat was raised. By the crew "rescue" boat was repaired within a month, and she was again put into operation. September 24 (October 7), 1917, rescue vessel "Volkhov" with a depth of 13.5 meters was successfully refloating when navigating a submarine accident "Edinorog"

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

41. From 15 May to 13 September 1928 "The Commune" is working on lifting sunk June 4, 1919 in the Gulf of Finland Koporskaya lip British submarine L-55. The boat was raised to the surface from a depth of 62 meters step-by 21 July 1928. Again working life: the rise of the sunken tug boat morpogranohrany and CP-7, providing tests of new submarines and ships repair BF. "Commune" raised from a depth of submarines "Bolshevik", M-90, torpedo boat and plane crashed …

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

< br>42. With the start of World War II rescue vessel "Commune" is based in Leningrad. On 32 March 1942 a diver "Commune" and work on the Ladoga Road of Life. Part of the crew participated in landing operations on the Neva (and it’s at 40% missing items). During this time, the sailors "Commune" raised from the bottom four of the KV, two tractors and 31 cars. "Kommunartsy" prepared for the Navy 159 legkovodolazov, repaired six submarines M. Despite the difficult situation at the front, rescuers lifted out of the water sunk: Submarine Sch-411, tugboat "Austra" schooner "Work," "Aquarius 2", OVR mother ship "CH" The Truth ", otdokovali two" pike "and several" small hunters’ …

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

43. In 1944, the "Commune" lifted 14 wrecks a total displacement of 11,767 tons, has assisted 34 ships and emergency courts. The entire crew was awarded the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad".
Only in 1954, the veteran ship could pass overhaul, during which the main diesel engines were replaced by Dutch production. At the end of November 1956 catamaran again atonement on alert: from the depth of 45 meters was raised protaranennaya submarine destroyer M-200. In October 1957, at a depth of 73 meters was raised submarine M-256, August 1959 — sunk at a depth of 22 meters torpedo boat. During his service, "municipality" has helped more than a hundred ships and submarines.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

44. In 1967, the veteran ship successfully made the cross-database migration from the Baltic to the Black Sea, safely arrived in Sevastopol, beating around Europe. In Sevastopol on Sevmorzavod "Commune" was converted into a ship-to-medium submersibles. Conversion project completed by the end of 1969 in Sevastopol CDB "Chernomorets". By the time of completion of the work on the SMZ (27 April 1973) the costs of conversion of the vessel was about 11 million rubles

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

45. To date, the rescue ship "Comune" passed dock repair, and despite his age, is actively involved in various merpopriyatiyah emergency service fleet with outlets to the sea.

  • Rescue ship Commune
  • Rescue ship Commune

This report was prepared with the assistance of the Russian Black Sea Fleet Command

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