The Orthodox Church proposes to launch public debate on alcohol threats to the nation

XIII World Russian People’s Council, held on 21-23 May 2009 in Moscow under the leadership of His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill, addressed to the President of the Russian Federation, the Prime Minister and the Federal Assembly resolution "On urgent measures to protect against the threat of alcohol." The text of the resolution is attached. Resolution XIII of the World Russian People’s Council "On urgent measures to protect against the threat of alcohol" Moscow, May 23, 2009 One of the main causes of deep demographic crisis that threatens both the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, and the very existence of its statehood, now is the ultra-high alcohol consumption. [cut] Alcohol problems of modern Russia are taking the scale humanitarian disaster, leading to the shamefully high mortality, morbidity, injuries, crime, abandonment, alcoholism. Alcohol in Russia is, according to experts, the reason, according to various estimates, from 550,000 to 700,000 deaths per year, or about a quarter of the total. XIII World Russian People’s Council, held on 22-23 May 2009 in Moscow under the leadership of His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill, refers to the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Government, the Federal Assembly, and to the relevant government authorities of Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova to consider adopting a number of measures that could really protect society from the threat of alcohol and to promote the adoption of measures to protect the health and well-being of man, society and the state. Alcohol and young generation age of initiation to alcohol teenagers over the past twenty years has decreased from 16 to 13 years. This undermines the physical and mental health and mental development of the younger generation of teenagers beats learning environment deprives them of life prospects. According Epidemiology, Russian daily consume alcohol (including beer), 33% of boys and 20% girls. The current ban on the sale of alcoholic beverages, including beer, people under 18 is almost completely does not work. This is largely due to the fact that the vast majority of underage alcohol freely buys in kiosks and stalls. The number of outlets selling low-alcohol drinks and beer in Russia many times higher than the corresponding figures in the most developed and poor countries alike. Regulatory authorities are not in a position to oversee the hundreds of thousands of kiosks and stalls. To solve this problem, we propose: 1. Completely ban the sale of any alcoholic beverages, including beer, stalls and kiosks. 2. Limit the retail trade of any alcoholic beverages, including beer, only outlets that have trading rooms measuring at least 50 square meters. m in urban areas and 30 square meters. m for rural areas (with the exception of restaurants and bars). 3. Abolish the practice of declarative licensing the sale of alcohol and introduce permissive licensing to all alcoholic beverages, including beer and low-alcohol, providing the possibility of quotas by population. 4. Toughen administrative sanctions — fines, loss of licenses — for the sale of alcohol to minors. Legally eliminate the possibility of re-licensing persons previously punished for selling alcohol to minors. We believe that an effective information campaign on the central and regional television, in print media on giving wide publicity to the Russian society intolerant of the sale of alcohol to minors can force owners of shops to take decisive action to curb further such cases. 5. The legislation to ban the production and sale of low-alcohol drinks, including both alcohol and caffeinated supplements are causing considerable damage, especially the health of the younger generation. Regulation of temporary availability of alcohol a significant risk factor associated with very high consumption of alcohol, it is around the clock availability. This situation has never happened before in the history of Russia. In pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods of time, the sale of alcoholic beverages was certainly limited. In the vast majority of developed countries, there are restrictions temporal availability of alcoholic beverages, except for cafes and restaurants. In modern Russia, the consumption of alcohol in the evening and at night, in the "dopit" leads to many heart attacks, strokes, crime, suicide, injuries, accidents and so on. In this regard, it is proposed: Return of the earlier situation in our country, allowing trade of alcoholic beverages only from 11.00 to 19.00, except for cafes, restaurants and bars. Based on the experience of other countries, it is known that the action for a short time leads to a reduction in deaths, injuries, the number of crimes and administrative offenses, reduces the number of drinking bouts, increases productivity. Production of illegal alcohol is still not involving major legal mechanisms to combat illegal alcohol. Its production is about 50% of the total produced in the country of spirits. One of the reasons for this are the gaps in Russian law, which can be largely eliminated by the following measure: Establish criminal sanctions for unauthorized production and turnover of ethyl alcohol and alcohol products by volume of ethyl alcohol above 15%, except for the production of personal goals. The use of surrogate alcohol consumption as alcohol health products, perfume and technical purpose leads to a substantial increase in poisoning and death. According to expert estimates, in our country, about 20% of spirits are consumed alcoholic substitutes. In this regard, it is proposed: 1. Introduce a legal requirement for the production and trafficking of alcohol and perfume products of medical purpose — products of more than 25 mL should be made only in durable, airtight containers with dispenser, or in the form of sprays or other sprays. 2. Introduce a legal requirement for the production and circulation of medical tinctures with an ethanol content of 15%. Limitation of affordability of alcohol over the past two decades, the affordability of alcoholic beverages has increased several times. The experience of many countries, particularly Scandinavia and Eastern Europe, shows that the increase in the real price of alcohol significantly reduces the full range of alcohol-related problems. Available: Gradual increase in excise duties on alcohol, especially spirits, at rates exceeding inflation. The problem of beer alcoholism Russia and Ukraine, perhaps, the only country in the world where the beer is not legally recognized as an alcoholic drink. This leads to a decrease in the price of the product, to a lack of restrictions associated with the regulation of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages and, as a consequence, to the greatest availability of beer from all alcoholic beverages. Beer has become in our countries first drink for teenagers. Proposal: To recognize a beer with an ethyl alcohol content of more than 3.5% alcohol products, in accordance with accepted international practice. National information campaign is not yet routinely monitor the work to raise awareness of the enormous harm that alcohol causes to health, well-being and spiritual integrity of the person. In this regard, it is proposed to: Conduct a planned nationwide information campaign on the basis of development of the "common cause" in cooperation with the media and civil society organizations. Documentaries and public service announcements about the dangers of excessive alcohol use are based on approaches that have shown good efficacy against social problems. At the conclusion of the leading Russian experts in the field of public health, they can have a significant impact on the setting of Russians in relation to alcohol consumption, reducing the severity of alcohol-related problems in the country.

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