The supercomputer at the service of biotechnology

In Novosibirsk at the Russian Academy of Sciences Centre opened "Bioinformatics". In fact, it is a huge computer system suprekompyuter, which can be used to simulate a cure for cancer and AIDS, decoding the genomes of plants and living organisms.

Supercomputing Center "Bioinformatics", recently discovered in the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, one of the fastest in the world — 16.5 trillion operations per second on the power they do not yield the same set at the Center for Vital-IT in Lausanne.

Head of the Siberian Supercomputer Center Boris Glinski said: "We have more than 400 users. It is the center of collective use and, accordingly, there are about 20 academic institutes of the Siberian Branch of RAS. There are also educational institutions. In addition, there are firms that we work with — "Schlumberger", "Unipro".

Research institutes, universities, commercial firms — more than 400 enterprises solve complex problems here: calculating the trajectory of the tsunami and meteorites model of cancer drugs and AIDS, decode the genomes of all living organisms. Senior researcher at the Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences Dmitry Afonnikov explained: "The little experiment that we carried out — getting opisthorchis sequences. Received more than 150 million sequences. "

Decoding the genome of the parasite opisthorchis allow Russian scientists invent a new drug on the disease that causes liver cancer in humans. Today opisthorchis rid of with medication, and that harm to the patient, but genetic engineering is to avoid it. Head of the Center for Genome Research, Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS Sergey Tat’kov said: "Our center was created to work with large libraries. The library in our case means dozens or even hundreds of thousands of bacteria that contain unique genetic information obtained from a variety of organisms. In these bacteria, it is stored. "

Read billions and millions of letters in the human genome, wheat, hepatitis or encephalitis, today allows DNA sequencer. It was only his power to help decipher the genome as a whole, that is, to make the sequences of the fragments obtained full DNA chain. Head of the Center for collective use of DNA sequencing of the Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine of the Russian Academy of Sciences Igor Morozov said: "The device itself has a powerful computer cluster, but, nevertheless, it is not enough to analyze this kind of data."

While the capacity of the Centre will use all five institutes of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, involved in biotechnology, but in the future he will be able to help professionals and related areas of science. Thus, the researchers plan to compare the genome of the ancient hominid from the Altai caves with the genome of modern humans.

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