The system of planetary protection

12.01.2004

12.01.2004


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Russia has developed a system of planetary protection "The Citadel", which is able to deal with threats from space.
Its creators — experts Lavochkin, RIA "Novosti" at the Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences / RAS / commenting on posts the other day about the fall of large meteorites in Spain.
According to the source, all the components of the planetary protection program already worked out. "We have nuclear facilities and missile spacecraft capable of destroying such objects or change the trajectory of the flight," — said the official.
However, experts agree that a system of planetary protection as there is only on paper and urge the international scientific community to fully investigate the problem of asteroid hazard.
In the night from Sunday to Monday in the northern and north-western part of Spain there was a mysterious natural phenomenon. In the skies over Galicia, Leon, Madrid, Valencia, Albacete flashed "fireballs." Scientists speculate that this could be a large meteorite.
According to Russian experts, in the future the Earth with a predicted probability could threaten about 400 asteroids and 30 comets. "Their orbital parameters and physical energy are given in the catalog of the Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences in a scientific book" Asteroids and comets, Near-Earth "- reported in the Institute of Applied Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences.
The Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation RIA "News" said that at the present time, the Russian space control system keeps track of more than 9 thousand objects in different orbits. "This device works by both Russian and foreign. This is even space debris, for example, spent rocket stages," — said the source.
"Draw near to Earth a large space body would necessarily be seen — said the source. — And then everything will depend on what will be the time to spare."
According to the representative of the Ministry of Defense, for the first half of 2003 "have been implemented in a timely manner warning more than 60 near misses space objects with the ISS."
The Defense Ministry acknowledged that approaching the outer body surface of the earth can be seen too late. "Given the space velocity, such a body can be passed, it will be noticed too late, a short distance from the earth," — said the source, adding that the fall of even medium-sized meteorites can be classified as a natural disaster.
The press service of the Russian Space Forces, RIA "Novosti" reported that in the history of the troops they have not put on a war footing because of the threat of a large asteroid collision with Earth.
In turn, scientists have discovered in the last ten years, more than twenty large bodies that are dangerous to draw closer to the ground. "For example, in 1996, we have seen a" space alien "diameter of almost 200 meters, which is close to us at a distance of 600,000 kilometers / about two times farther than the Moon /. On a cosmic scale, it is very dangerous and a close encounter" — said the Institute of Applied Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences.
"The task that by 2008, the scientists have to solve — the definition of the orbits of at least 90 percent of all asteroids the size of a kilometer or more, that can come close to the Earth," — noted in the Institute. The clash with the cosmic body, as scientists believe, could lead to "a catastrophe inevitable death of civilization."

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