The water temperature in the North Atlantic, which is associated with the state of the Arctic Ocean, in the early 21st century has reached a record high values for the last two thousand years.
As RIA Novosti reports, citing an article published in the journal Science, the water of the North Atlantic Ocean has a decisive impact on the entire Arctic basin, in particular the area of drifting ice. Until then, scientists had data on water temperatures in the Strait in the last 150 years.
A team of researchers led by Robert Shpilhagena from the Institute of Marine Research Leibniz traced the temperature variations in the North Atlantic over the past two thousand years, exploring the remains of plankton found on an island in the Svalbard archipelago.
The number of these shellfish allowed to judge the temperature fluctuations. The analysis of the ratio of heat-loving and cold-resistant varieties showed that during the 1850 years since the beginning of the new era of the temperature of the warm current from the Atlantic to the Arctic in summer was about 3.5 degrees Celsius. And in the summer the water is warming up to six degrees Celsius.
On the eve of TV channel "Vesti" reported drilling in the Antarctic glacier, which promises to be an historic, halted literally on the doorstep of the event. The penetration of the subglacial Lake Vostok, half a million years who had no contact with the outside world, has been postponed, and all because of ice on the border with the water surface of the lake at a depth of 3.7 kilometers was surprisingly warm.