Once upon a time, tired of listening to uneducated citizens phrases like "Stalin and Hitler were no different, they both rot, millions of people in concentration camps," wrote a short note about it. Now again I hear the same cries. And I feel that it's time to write a little more fully.
So, everyone knows that in the Soviet Union under Stalin, and in the Third Reich under Hitler, millions of people were kept in concentration camps.
And everybody who knows, they generally know what the concentration camp? No, of course you can talk to each other about the terrible concentration camps and not even mention it in the documents. But there is a meaning of the term.
Right now in Russia there is a concentration camp? It seems not, and all condemn Stalinist practice. But here we take, for example, Kopeyskoye corrective labor colony number 6 (maximum security). This now exists, the colony was founded in 1946 under Stalin. That is was a "Stalinist concentration camp?" What's in it changed now? Nothing, except for those related to the overall development of society and technology (such as translation boiler from coal to gas).
So that now we have a concentration camp? Or if they did not have?
What is a forced labor camp or a forced labor camp?
There is no mystery — it's part of the FSIN. That part where he was serving a sentence of imprisonment for a term specified in the verdicts of the judiciary, and thus re-educated labor. So it was under Stalin.
That is, attention (!) In "Stalin's camps," Only those who have broken the laws of those days, by the verdict of the then judiciary at the time specified by those authorities. And nothing else.
You can argue a lot about the injustice of the laws of the Stalin era. But the laws are changing everywhere — and that seemed fair yesterday, today it seems arbitrary. And vice versa. Here in the United States less than a century ago buggers "flew" for terms up to 25 years in the most severe prison. And now they can not even say that you do not love them. That is, you can not love the red, Communists, and even people with sweaty palms — and homosexuals can not.
That's just me thinking on the plunderers of socialist property or saboteurs on people, like the kulaks, who illegally (at the time) engaged in usury. Unimaginable today "fit" person for speculation, but it is easy to imagine "landing" for non-payment of taxes.
Some are called "non-judicial punishment" sentences "triples", stressing the Constitution. But they simply forget that the Soviet Union Constitution was not Scripture but an instrument in the hands of the workers 'and peasants' state, which is directly and discussed.
Thus, the "troika", created by the government as part of their powers, were perfectly legal (under the laws of the time) by a judicial authority. And the sentence "triplets" were completely legitimate.
And what is the difference from the concentration camp labor camp?
The difference should be even from the title.
Concentration camp as opposed to labor camp is not a place serving a sentence for violating the law.
In the concentration camp can not be reached by the decision of the judiciary, as well as in the ITL can not get there without their solutions.
From the concentration camps can not be left on the expiration of the sentence, as is not the verdict.
Concentration camps have appeared more than a century ago. They served to concentrate (the collection and retention) of any portion of the population on formal grounds. The inventors of the concentration camps — the British — there kept family Boers were kept in terrible conditions, sometimes shooting party hostage until no resistance from the Boers-men.
Here's the German Nazis were concentration camps. No, there was a judicial and prison system. And in these prisons got too many to address the German courts. Concentration camps existed alongside German system of punishment. And they caught Jews, Gypsies, Soviet soldiers who were not lucky enough to be captivated by the Wehrmacht, and many others.
The inmates of concentration camps worked and died. But they did not count on the way out to freedom, because they did not have sentences, there was no articles on which they sat. They must have been in concentration camps until they die.
In the labor camp, too, worked and some have even died. But they knew what they were and how much they sit sit. And most of the left "on the freedom of conscience." Most of the inmates of German concentration camps were destroyed, and the survivors were not released by the Germans and the Allied forces, and the defeat of the Germans occupied the territory of Germany.
So the conclusion is simple and obvious — in Stalin's concentration camps in the country was not, as there are none now. Was and is the penal system, in camps and prisons serving sentences (fair or not — it happens in every one) who have broken the law and who is behind the courts verdict. In Stalin's labor camp in serving sentences lot of people, a lot of them out there now. Although, by the way, is less than it is now in the U.S. (not only now less — under Stalin, too, was sitting less).
Is there a concentration camp? Yes, there is. For example, the stronghold of world democracy — the United States have created a concentration camp at his base in Guantanamo Bay. There's no award, sit different people captured in Afghanistan and some other places. They do not have the status of prisoners of war, nor the status of the accused or convicted. Many sit for over a decade and have no idea when will be released and would come out at all.
By the way, during the Second World War in the United States were also concentration camps, where they were kept just in case the citizens of German and Asian origin. Although, I must pay tribute, contained in a much better condition than the Germans kept their own and other people.
So those who compare Hitler and Stalin, and abuts on the topic of concentration camps, knowingly or profound ignorance lies. In the Soviet concentration camps after the end of the Civil War were not practiced. And if someone wants to compare Hitler's concentration camps and remember — it's the Americans or, adjusted for the time by the British.
See also: Stalin's repression — a special case of the global phenomenon of the era