Dmitry Medvedev on December 22 Address to the Federal Assembly. The President, namely, proposed a number of initiatives to develop the political system, laid out its position on the main fronts of the internal and external policies, modernization of the economy and the social sphere. BBC News publish the main theses of the president's speech.
On the results of the elections and civilian society
According to the results of the parliamentary elections in Russia were made various statements both in Russia and abroad. Someone is happy with their fruits, someone not entirely, someone — very dissatisfied. So it was after the last election, as is always the case.
We carefully and respectfully perceive any criticism in the address of municipal institutions and individual officials, draw conclusions, if the criticism is valid, restore legality where it has been broken, take the necessary decisions on the basis of consultations with the main political forces to express their position, mind in appropriate cases, if the criticism is unfounded.
The right of people to express their world with all legitimate means guaranteed, but the sample to manipulate Russian citizens who mislead them, incite social strife in society are unacceptable. We will not allow provocateurs and extremists to drag society into their adventures, and will not allow interference from outside in our internal affairs. RF needs democracy, not chaos.
Our civilian society is strengthened and become more influential, significantly increased social activity of public organizations, it is confirmed and action of recent weeks. I believe increased activity of non-profit organizations, one of the main achievements of recent years. We have done a lot to support them, for the development and promotion of volunteerism in the country. And now in our country for more than 100 thousand non-profit organizations. Register them easier, and inspections of NGOs has become much smaller.
On economic development
We have successfully overcome a difficult period of economic turmoil, and returned to pre-crisis levels of development. Economy grows worthy of pace — about 4 percent per year, which exceeds the rate of recovery of most of the leading states. Municipal debt in our country remains at the lowest level. Our homeland has become the second largest economy in the world.
We are one hundred percent fulfill the assumed social obligations. Pensions and wages for most workers in the economical sector grew faster than we had planned before the crisis. And now there is no elderly people with incomes below the regional cost of living.
The crisis period showed that the accumulation of reserves at the expense of the oil revenue has been and remains a reasonable policy. Thanks to these savings specifically government and the Bank of the Russian Federation did not allow the financial crisis. We have had a harsh factory support companies, construction and infrastructure companies, small businesses. Big business funds were allocated on the basis of detailed analysis of future development programs of companies, their willingness to save and create new jobs. Systematically maintained and farmers. In general, the anti-crisis policy in Russia has fared better than almost all other countries, and that of previous crises.
Demography, youth protection, maternity capital
For four years in a country born more than 6 million kids (this is a record for the last 20 years), and the mortality rate decreased even faster initial expectations. In modern Russian Federation is the highest in its history the average duration of life. It increased from 2006 almost three years and close to 69 years. The longevity of women (because they are better to refer to himself, save up yourself more) almost 75 years. We have never had such. Never! Obviously, these numbers would be even higher. This is the aim and the brand new example program to modernize health care. All the necessary decisions for its implementation have already been taken.
By the end of this year, the country will be 23 perinatal centers. We sent a lot of additional resources for the development of pediatric services. Clinical examination of schoolchildren will now take place in throughout the training period. In school applets put another hour exercising …
Passed a law that allows the use of maternity capital for the construction of housing on their own. In 38 subjects of the Federation decided to pay a regional maternity capital.
Achieved the highest level of time with the Russian R & D funding, built a workable system development institutions, power consumption is reduced evenly Russian economy. Established the creation of new pharmaceuticals, including for the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. Together with zabugornom partners developed a whole line of next-generation drugs. Made supercomputers that serve new competitive technologies in the nuclear and aerospace industries, shipbuilding, automotive, ending development of technical documentation for the construction and operation of nuclear power stations of the last generation that will own over-resistant to extreme stress, and significantly more than the highest cost efficiency.
In half of Russian regions have already been using GLONASS satellite navigation system, projects of remote sensing of the Earth. The number of home broadband connections the Web has increased by half in three years. And at this point in the country of about 55 million active subscribers. I wish to see that this is the highest rate among all European countries.
To digital broadcasting and crosses. This is, of course, extends the freedom of choice, provokes konkurentnst. As promised, in 2015 in Russia will be more than 20 public channels, free for the people, and on the number of private television channels offered platforms can be measured in hundredths.
The army and the social support of servicemen
In the state armament program there until 2020, the emphasis is made on the new types of weapons and equipment, which are based on modern technology. With all of this most of the state defense order is already a couple of years. This significantly improves the ability of development and defense companies.
By 2010, the number of troops reached a million people and it is possible to build a truly modern and effective armed forces. Sverhtehnologichny created a new branch — Force air and space defense. Significantly increased the intensity of operational and combat training.
Since January 1, 2012 will increase their foreign exchange allowance almost tripled. Changes and a real war situation of older persons. The increase in pensions from January 1, 2012, on average more than 1.6 times — this is a fundamental step in the evaluation of their awards to the Fatherland. Retired military personnel will annually increase by more than two per cent above inflation.
In the end, for the first time in the history of the Armed Forces of our country we are close to solving one of the most difficult and the most acute problems — provide military personnel the same and office accommodation.
Breakthrough results have been achieved in the integration processes in the post-Soviet space. Since June 1 of this year, began to work full customs alliance of Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation, and only recently in the framework of the CIS signed contract on a free trade zone with eff
ect as early as next year.
As a result, removal of barriers to mutual trade market unimpeded Russian sales of products, according to the most conservative estimates of professionals, expanded by 20 percent. The volume of trade within the Customs Union has increased by a third part.
In the case of economic integration will go on. From 1 January 2012 revealed the single economic space of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, the free movement of products added to the free movement of services, capital and labor. The aim is that by 2015, the Eurasian economic alliance that almost all will determine the future of our countries.
After 18 years of negotiations, our adopted home of the WTO. The negotiation marathon ended on the criteria, it is taking into account the interests of our country. Now we need to learn to work in this organization, drawing from her entry into the highest benefit. Accession to the WTO — is an important factor of Russia's integration into the world economy. It meets both our national interests and the goals of stabilizing the international trading system.
One of the most important developments in recent years in the field of international security — this is the conclusion of a new Russian-US START Treaty Contract. He specifically works on strengthening strategic stability and non-proliferation regime. In addition, our initiative to conclude a contract on the European security dialogue has begun to develop severe in the Euro-modern architecture of equal and indivisible security.
Summarizing the results of the country's development over the last couple of years, Dmitry Medvedev braked on the next task, saying that as president he wants to do in the coming months.
The reform of the political system
I hear those who talk about the need for change, and understand them. You need to give all active citizens a legitimate possibility role in political life. So, I think it necessary to follow.
Go to the election of Governors Russian Federation subjects by direct vote slum areas.
Enter facilitated the registration of parties. My suggestion — at the request of 500 people representing more than 50 percent of the country's regions.
Cancel the need to collect signatures for a role in the elections to the Municipal Duma and regional legislatures.
In the end, reduce the number of signatures needed for the role in the election of the President of the Russian Federation, to 300 thousand, and for candidates from non-parliamentary parties — up to 100 thousand.
In addition, I propose to change the system of elections to the Municipal Duma. I consider it appropriate to strengthen ties with voters to introduce proportional representation for 225 districts. This measure will allow each country to have its own particular representative in parliament.
I also propose to change the order of the formation of the Central and regional election commissions. Consulate of political parties in election commissions should be extended. Parties should have the right to withdraw their own representatives in the committees earlier if necessary. I will make appropriate projects in the Municipal Duma recently. Pochetaemye colleagues, this is not an exhaustive list of initiatives. But let's be patient.
In the Municipal Duma will be introduced a package of bills on decentralization. Its implementation will allow to harsh mandatory redistribution of opportunities and budget resources to the regions and municipalities. Will be significantly expanded sources of revenue for regional and local budgets, including their own. This should make the conditions for the successful development of the territories for the higher quality of the country's obligations to its citizens.
Regional leaders will have the right to put questions to the delegation of a significant number of community resources from the federal to the regional level, if they are ready for it, of course.
Two months back I suggested to move beyond entrenched institutions and make a huge or perhaps more correctly read, open government, bringing together for strategic and operational objectives of all levels and branches of government, public officials, professionals, and all those who are willing to participate in the processes of the real governance, in the preparation and examination of important decisions and programs. Such open government — this is, in fact, the social elevator for the most active and professional people, the reserve for renewal and replenishment of executive power at the center and in the regions.
We already are rotated officials. Made in the country of personnel reserves total about 100 thousand people. Great figure. The Presidential Reserve, which was created by my suggestion for a new, more highest position assigned more than 200 people. But, frankly speaking, this work must be dealt with more turns and more than intense.
In the end, open government — is an effective method of feedback for assessing the effectiveness of public policy, fundamentally differently to build a government job, do it today, based on an initiative from the field. One of the first projects will be a public competition to identify the most stupid, suffocating life of bureaucratic procedures. The respective web site, I hope, will work with the New Year.
On public television
Offer in recent years to resolve the question of the development of public television can be based on the 1 st of the existing federal channels. In this case, none of the owners of this new media is not required to have a determining influence on all decisions — neither the government nor the private owner. I am sure that this public television in a position to make our information environment more competitive and therefore more exciting.