January 30, another anniversary of the establishment of the Soviet-Vietnamese relations diplomatically. One of the brightest pages in the history of relations 2-states — military assistance to Vietnam during the war against U.S. aggression. "The Voice of Russia," said those days are people who took the most concrete role in the events of the Vietnam War. Nikolai Kolesnik, chairman of the Russian inter-regional public organization of veterans of the Vietnam War, from 1965, took part in the battles that are fought against the United States Air Force Russian missile troops.
Kolesnik: Russian military aid was large and comprehensive. In value terms, it was about 2-million bucks every day for all the years of the war. Vietnam was supplied unlimited technology. Quite only lead some numbers: 2 thousand tanks, 7 thousand guns and mortars, more than 5 thousand anti-aircraft guns and installations, 158 anti-aircraft missile systems, over 700 combat aircraft, 120 helicopters, over 100 warships. In this case, all the supplies were donated. Wage war across this technique was necessary to learn Vietnamese. To do this, Vietnam sent Russian military spec. From July 1965 to the end of 1974, fighting in Vietnam was part of about 6.5 thousand officers and generals, as more than 4.5 thousand soldier and non-commissioned Russian Armed Forces. In addition, military schools and academies of the USSR began training Vietnamese soldiers — is more than 10 thousand people.
They say technology is directed from the Soviet Union to Vietnam, was out of date.
Kolesnik: At that time it was the most modern. For example, jet fighters, "MiG-21" — specifically on their Vietnamese pilots shot down and "F-105" and "flying fortress", "B-52". In all the years of the war fighter aircraft Vietnam People's Army was destroyed 350 enemy aircraft. Vietnamese aviation is lost even less — 145 aircraft. In the history of the BHA includes the names of air aces, on account of which was on 7, 8 and 9 of downed U.S. aircraft. At the same time, on account of a more effective U.S. airman de Beliveau was in Vietnam only 6 air victories. Available in the years of the war Russian missiles "Dvina" were capable of destroying airborne targets, even at 25 km altitude. "This is — the most deadly projectiles that have ever issued from the ground at the planes", — stated in those years the South American "Military-technical journal."
Anti-aircraft missile troops DRV made and trained Russian spices, brought down about 1,300 U.S. aircraft, including 54 strategic bombers "B-52". Any one of them was carrying 25 tons of bombs, and each could kill all life and all built on an area of 30 football fields. Americans are often bombarded and "Ho Chi Minh trail", and the town of North Vietnam, flying at a height inaccessible to anti-aircraft guns. After our first victories they have sharply reduced the height to be difficult to reach rockets, but came under fire anti-aircraft artillery. After the rise of Russian missiles South American military pilots were flying renounce bombard the area of North Vietnam. Their commanders had to take urgent measures, including increasing the payout for each sortie, constantly creating substitute crews avianostsev.Na initially missile battles fought Russian officers learn from their experience in Vietnam. For the first time Russian rocket in the sky proved to Vietnam July 24, 1965. 4 U.S. "Phantom" then went to Hanoi, at a height where they could not get hold of the Vietnamese anti-aircraft guns. On them were released Russian rocket. 3 of 4 aircraft were shot down. The date of this victory has since celebrated once a year in Vietnam as a day of missile troops.
Remember When was your first fight? Who's Who then?
Kolesnik: August 11, 1965. We stand for a day 18 times took their places on combat alert. And — without result. And finally, late NIGHT MODE 3-4 missiles shot down enemy planes. Total First and Third Divisions of Vietnamese anti-aircraft air defense regiments in those battles, in which I participated, shot down 15 enemy aircraft.
Americans probably hunted for your crews?
Kolesnik: Yes. Places of deployment had changed after each fight. In another it was impossible — on the identified positions rocket launchers Americans here to put the missile and bomb strikes. Americans did their best to prevent the use of our technology: applied interference missiles "Shrike". Our military engineers also reacted and improved our anti-missile equipment.
Have you personally to create captured American pilots?
Kolesnik: I personally do not ever beheld. Yes, our presence in Vietnam and was not advertised. Suffice it to say that the whole trip we were in civilian clothes, without any personal weapons and even without any documents. They were kept in our embassy.
For as you have announced that you are flying to Vietnam and you said that at home?
Kolesnik: I served in the air defense regiment near Moscow. The regimental commander announced that we are invited to go on a business trip to the country with the "hot tropical climate." Agreed to almost everything, and those who go for a reason, did not want in the end and did not go. So I said, and at home.
What most struck you, the young guy again?
Kolesnik: Hits all: the extraordinary nature, the people, the climate and the first bombing, which had to go under. We've oriented in Moscow that will just teach and train Vietnamese calculations. And just had to learn to combat positions, with daily incessant raids by U.S. aircraft. Vietnamese — very stubborn people, trained very quickly. And I also mastered the major commands and definitions in Vietnamese.
What was the most difficult?
N.Kolesnik: Unbearable heat and humidity highest. For example, after a 40-minute charging in particular rockets oxidant rubberized suit almost lost kilogram.
As relates to the war and your role in it segodnyaschy Vietnamese youth?
N.Kolesnik: Vietnamese veterans of that war — with no small reverence. We remember our military languid weekdays and victories of our society. A youthful, more pragmatic, a generation enthusiastically to question us about those fights and unknown to them the details of the war.
At this point, many in our
country is very valued to the role of the Union in the Russian conflict over his predelami.Chem you was the role in the war in Vietnam?
N.Kolesnik: To me, those fights so far remain the most colorful events in life. I and my comrades — and Russian, and Vietnamese — took part in the historical events that forged the victory, in the truest sense of the word. I am proud to have provided assistance to the Vietnamese people in their struggle for independence and participated in the development of anti-aircraft missile troops in Vietnam.