Are there Higgs bosons in space? It is interesting
Fig. 1. Simulation of particle collisions at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest particle accelerator. In a collision of two protons is a power explosion, generating new and unique particle.
Physicists from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) particle accelerator (near Geneva, Switzerland), the report found that almost a rare elementary particle known as the Higgs boson. But after so many years of research spent on the creation of artificial conditions for the particles, the question about the justification effort. Perhaps it would be easier to organize a search for the Higgs boson in nature, for example, in space.
According to the first author of the book «The Higgs Hunter's Guide» (Basic Books, 1990), Professor, University of California at Davis, John Guniona, bosons are produced continuously in different parts of the cosmos. Quantum fluctuations — instant bursts of energy from nowhere, allowed the laws of quantum mechanics, provoke spontaneous occurrence of pairs of particles from the vacuum. Next, the particles self-destruct. Since these entities are very energy intensive Higgs, by the rules of quantum mechanics, they can not exist for very long. To find them, it takes time less than one trillionth of a trillionth of a second. The rarity of quantum fluctuations confirms Gordon Kane, co-author and a professor of physics at the University of Michigan.
In addition to the unusual quantum effects in space, there are other events that create Higgs bosons. For example, black holes generate bosons in the border areas. Special detector could fix them, if I was not instantly absorbed hole.
Explosions, supernovae generate streams of particles moving at a rate sufficient to create Higgs bosons. But problems with their detection is not less serious than in the case of a black hole.
Higgs bosons associated with another serious question: why are these entities that attract so much attention on the part of science, do not exist everywhere, all the time, because they penetrate its mass all other particles in the universe? In other words, if I have no bosons why I weigh more than zero grams?
Craig Blocker, a physicist at Brandeis University, discovers the Higgs boson, said that the issue is associated with quantum mechanics. According to quantum theory, all particles belong to any field, that is, photons belong to the electromagnetic field, and the Higgs boson — to the Higgs field. For each field, characterized by consistency over time, but to see the particles themselves, need the stimulation of this field is a certain amount of energy. In quantum fluctuations, supernovas and black holes, it is enough. But they are too far away, which makes the study of Higgs bosons is possible only in the LHC.