Before winter humans can admire several interesting astronomical phenomena

13.10.2003

 

13.10.03, the


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Meteor showers, lunar eclipse and a number of other interesting astronomical phenomena can be observed from the ground in the fall, reported "Interfax" head of the department of space astrometry of the Russian Academy of Sciences Lydia Rykhlova.

November 1 will peak activity Taurid meteor stream. "This is a very interesting meteor shower, according to scientists it was formed after the explosion of a comet Enki that occurred thousands of years ago. As a result of the explosion a two Taurid stream — north and south, the maximum activity is most intense of the two streams-south-come Nov. 1," — Rykhlova said.

Taurid observed annually, its intensity is up to 30 falling meteors per hour. It is located in the constellation of Taurus, which gave the name to the flow.

In addition, in mid-November, the Earth will enter a phase of activity of Leonids meteor shower — young and most regular of all the known meteor showers. "The peak of activity of the shower fell in the middle of November last year, this year the flow weakened somewhat, but still it can be seen from Earth" — said Rykhlova.

Leonid stream is observed from the beginning of the 19th century. Once at 33 Earth crosses the orbit of this stream originating from the constellation of Leo. Scientists claim that the meteor streams are not dangerous to human life, as most meteorites burn up before they reach the Earth. In November, with the Earth can watch the full lunar eclipse shadow.

"In the period from 8 to 9 November Moon enters the Earth's shadow and this shadow is fully closed. Beginning of the lunar eclipse will occur on the territory of Russia, the end of this same phenomenon can be seen only inhabitants of the western regions of the country," — said Rykhlova.

Earth covers the Moon from the direct rays of the sun, part sun's rays refracted in the atmosphere of the Earth, the planet goes around and illuminates the moon, giving it an original painting, staining the planet in a variety of colors.

"The Moon enters penumbra in the late evening of November 8, at 22:15 UTC, there will be a total eclipse of the moon shadow, and already at 4:21 UTC on the moon completely exits the penumbra" — said the expert.

Also in November, has come close to Earth comet Enki — one of the largest of the known comets.

Enki was opened January 17, 1786, it can be seen with the naked eye, but in the next 15 years, scientists have lost sight of her. "Rediscovered" it later, setting all that the comet has the shortest among comets "period Recurrence" — 33.3 years.

"November 17 the comet closer to the Earth and will be visible as a star of the sixth magnitude. Thereafter, December 4, it is as close to the Sun, and then start slowly away," — said Rykhlova.

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