Bet you did not know … Myths about the Middle Ages

03.04.2013

In the Middle Ages 9 out of 10 people have died, and did not live up to 40 years


Accurate data on life expectancy in the distant past, we, of course not, but historians say that in the Middle Ages it was somewhere around 35 years. (In any case, 50% of those born survive to that age). But that does not mean that people were dying only when they reach 35 years of age. Yes, the average life expectancy was about this, but many died in childhood. We do not know exactly what is the percentage, but assuming that somewhere 25% die before and up to five, we will be far from the truth. About 40% died as a teenager. But if a person is lucky enough to survive childhood and youth, he had a good chance to live to 50, and 60. In the Middle Ages, even had people living to be 70 or 80.

In the Middle Ages, people were far below us

It is not true! People were just a little
below. Judging from the skeletons found in the karakke "Mary Rose", the growth of sailors was somewhere between 5 feet 7 inches and 5 feet 8 inches (or about 170 cm). Burial of the Middle Ages and other periods also show that men were slightly lower than our contemporaries, but not lot.

People of the past were very dirty and rarely bathed

Facts with perfect clearly point to the fact that people tried to keep themselves clean. Absolutely, and that most people bathed and changed clothes very often. They also tried to keep clean their homes. The view that people were dirty and smelled bad — a myth.

He may have arisen because people rarely take a bath. Until the 19th century it was difficult to heat a large amount of water at once. Imagine that you are warmed pot with water and poured it into the tub. As long as you heat up the second portion, the first cool down. The Romans solved this problem by using public baths, which is heated from below.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, it became easier to bathe naked. In hot weather, people bathed in the rivers. We also know that people are often washed their clothes.

Once upon a time the Pope under the name of John was a woman

It is unlikely that this is true. According to legend, the Pope, the woman was on the throne of the Holy 2 years — from 855 to 858g. In fact, Leo IV occupied the papal throne from 847 to 855g., And Benedict III — from 855 to 888g. The spacing between them — just a few weeks.

According to legend, Papa was a woman disguised as a man, and no one suspected anything strange not until the head of the Catholic Church in the eyes of the astonished environment not fathered a child. It is surprising that no one even noticed the pregnancy.

The first mention of the Pope, the woman appeared 200 years after its supposed existence. If this is true, why no one has written about it in while? This was to be a sensation for the whole of Europe, so why no one has done?

Probably because the fictional story.

King John signed the Magna Carta

No, he did not sign! He put it on the wax seal, but did not sign.

In the Middle Ages, the scientists spent hours in a debate about how many angels can fit on the head of a pin

There is no evidence that anyone in the Middle Ages asked such a silly question. People who lived in the Middle Ages were not fools.

Some medieval armor was so heavy that the knights raised their horses with ropes

This is not true. Armor, of course, were heavy, but not so.

On the eve of 1000 AD people across Europe panicked. They were afraid that Jesus Christ will return, and come to an end

No evidence that such a panic occurred, no. No one chronicler of the time does not mention anything unusual. Only after centuries writers have argued that it was before the onset of 1000. This is part of a larger myth that people of the Middle Ages were stupid and gullible (even more than we do!)

The Vikings wore helmets with horns

Is no evidence that the Vikings in the fight wore horned helmets, no. Also, there is no evidence that they wore helmets with wings.

In most households grew church yew, because men yew wood was used to make bows

This is almost certainly a myth. Records show that the masters, who made bows, preferred yews from South or East Europe (English yew is not well suited for this purpose). In fact, in the churchyard yews grow because their leaves are poisonous. Villagers could allow livestock to graze in the churchyard. Yew trees are a good way to stop them.

Joan of Arc was burned as a witch

This is not true. She was burned for heresy (because dressing like a man.)

Pre-Columbian people thought the earth was flat

In fact, during the Middle Ages, people knew that the Earth was round.

Columbus discovered America

No. It is known that the ancestors of today's Americans came to North America for thousands of years before Columbus. Moreover, Columbus was not even the first European to discover America. The first European who saw the continent was Bjarni Heryulfsson. He sailed to Greenland in 985 AD, when he saw the new earth (to the shore, he did not come out). After about 15 years, a man named Leif Erickson led an expedition to the new land. He gave the names of some of the territories of North America: Helluland (country of flat stones), Markland (country covered by forest) and Vinland (country grapes). Erickson spent the winter in Vinland. Over there, he did not return, while others returned to the Vikings, but they have not managed to create a permanent colony there.

Centuries later, Columbus thought he could sail directly from Europe to China across the Atlantic. Columbus underestimated the size of the Earth. He did not know that there are North and South America and the Pacific. Columbus made four travel across the Atlantic and, although he landed on several Caribbean islands, he had never set foot on the continent of North America.

Blekgit (Black Heath) in London got its name because there were buried the victims of the plague in London (so-called "Black Death")

This is definitely not the case. This place was called the Black wasteland during the cadastral books (land inventory England, produced by William the Conqueror in 1086g.), Nearly 300 years before the plague of 1348-49gg. The fact that the Black Heath got its name because they sold black slaves, is also a myth. It is not known where in reality there is a name. Perhaps because of the topsoil. In any case, it has nothing to do with the plague, or the black slaves.

Golf — is the English abbreviation that means "gentlemen only, ladies are not allowed» (golf — 'gentlemen only ladies forbidden')

The word "golf" is derived from the old Danish word 'kolf ", which meant" club. " (In the Middle Ages the Danes have played clubs, but the actual golf originated in Scotland). The Scots have changed the word "Galway" or "Goff", over time it became known to us in the "golf".

Archers were his arrows behind

Only when they rode on horseback. Usually, however, the archers were boom in containers fastened to the belt (much easier to get hold of an arrow from a bow belt, than from the shoulder). Robin Hood is usually depicted with a quiver of arrows on his back. If Robin Hood ever existed, most likely, he wore a boom on the belt.

In the Middle Ages, spices were used to conceal the fact that the meat is spoiled

This is not true for one simple reason — the spices were very expensive and could only use them rich. They, of course, do not eat spoiled meat. They ate the meat of the highest quality! Spices have been used to improve the taste.

 

 

Read also: The most mysterious archaeological finds, How does Antarctica.

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