The history of aviation in Russia — it is a continuous feat, it continued for a hundred years, the heroic work of designers, engineers, and technicians. This summer work hard everyday drivers — both military and civilian, millions of passengers and millions of tons of cargo delivered around the world, is the protection and safety of our skies, our pride and endless respect for those who prepare and lifts into the sky hundreds of different types of aircraft ranging from single-engine the training and ending with the powerful wide-bodied airliners
It all began with a trip to the mainland in England, through the Strait of Le Mans. French aviator Louis Bleriot July 25, 1909, has carried out the world's first flight of an aircraft heavier than air from one country to another. It was after this trip Russian government decided to assist in the development of aviation. As Russia began to organize various aviation exhibition, and, most importantly, created the first Russian aviation schools.
The first Russian pilots began MN Efimov and SI Utochkin In just three years, in 1912, under the brilliant designer, later the "father" of helicopter, Igor Sikorsky at the wagon factory in St. Petersburg, and was built in the summer of 1913 following tested four-engine plane "Russian Knight" . It was the world's first aircraft of this class. In the same year, Sikorsky is building a new, at that time, the giant plane, which was named "Ilya Muromets". It was quite a phenomenon in the world of aviation, "Ilya Muromets" set a record of duty on it in February 1914 for the first time were transported 16 passengers — a remarkable achievement in those days. Until 1918, it was released 80 of these aircraft. In the First World War, this plane was used as a heavy bomber. But the Air Force until 1914 was in its infancy. At the time of the declaration of war on the front was only about 250 serviceable aircraft. War forced Russia as soon as possible to create their own aviation industry. If Russia were produced before the war to 40 aircraft a month, by the end of it only one factory "Dux" produced up to 100 units per month. Further developments in our country have put the development of aviation and aerospace industry in Russia on the brink of extinction. In the Civil War, utter devastation, famine, seemed of no aircraft can not be considered. But the young Russian government is well understood the value of aviation in the country and in 1918 created the Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI). One of those who founded it, then the largest aviation center, was 70-year-old, NE Zhukovsky, a prominent scientist in the field of aerodynamics, the "father of Russian aviation". Along with him was one of the founders and future famous designer of many aerial appliances, as AN Tupolev. In 1923, the company was founded, "Dobrolet" — later to become the Ministry of Civil Aviation. Creating your own air force was just a matter of the people. Distributed throughout the slogans — "Workers — by plane," "Give us the motor", "working people — build a fleet." And the country was building. In the mid 20-ies of the country's industry was producing metal aircraft designed by Tupolev, the famous ANT-2 ANT-3, ANT-4, which was a huge improvement, compared with the production of aircraft, the base of which consisted mainly of wood and canvas . Victory domestic aviation was hop on the ANT-4 from Moscow to America, in New York, in 1929, at a distance of 21,250 kilometers, of which 8000 passed over the ocean. Famous flights by Soviet pilots in this time of great distances on a variety of aircraft types showed that Soviet equipment will not play to the level of the west. In a short time, the Soviet government had not only become a par with the world's leading aircraft, but also to build such aircraft, which are not built anywhere in the world. For example, in 1932, on an appeal, the journalist M.Koltsova, in honor of the 40-year-old literary work of Maxim Gorky, was built by the giant plane, the likes of which the world began to be built in only 15 years. Its dimensions were nevidanny at the time: at length it was 32.5 meters, 3.5 meters wide, 2.5 meters high and a wingspan of 63 m area within the premises of 100 m2. He lifted into the air crew of 8 men and 72 passengers. The plane was 8 engines 900 hp. s. each. But the peace was short-lived construction. The treacherous attack of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Air Force dealt a terrible blow to aircraft construction. In the early months of the war were lost thousands of aircraft were destroyed and captured the enterprise, who worked on the aircraft industry, the enemy occupied territory where the mined ore needed to produce airframe, the country has lost almost all fields of aluminum. However, despite the unbearable difficulties, aviation lived and fought for every meter of the native sky, showing daily heroism. Despite the significant superiority of German aircraft in the air, our pilots fearlessly tied up fighting against the superior forces of the enemy, using all means of aerial combat, including a battering ram. On the first day of June 22, 1941 our pilots were shot down 300 enemy aircraft. The names of the heroes of the pilots knew the whole country: SI lieutenants Zdorovtsev Kharitonov and PT, to ram German bombers and Lieutenant Zhukov MP, who shot down several German aircraft were the first Heroes of the Soviet Union. The war has set the aviation industry challenging task — the front of the aircraft were needed, as the air. In the shortest time needed to restore production, practically in the open field it was necessary to set up factories, the production of fighters and bombers. Gigantic exertion of all the people, this task was accomplished. Outstanding Soviet aircraft, AN Tupolev, AS Yakovlev, SV Ilyushin, N. Polikarpov, SA Lavochkin aircraft have been created, not only by German rivals, but surpassing them in all respects. By 1943, parity in the aircraft leveled off at the front, and began to grow in the future in favor of Soviet aviation. During the war, were created remarkable examples of aircraft, attack plane IL-2, one of the fastest aircraft of World War II — the Yak-3, and dozens of other types of aircraft on which the heroic Soviet pilots broke the back of the fascist "Luftwaffe", ending the fighting way in a burning Berlin. The postwar period is characterized by the rapid development of jet aircraft. Scientific and technological progress has allowed to create aircraft flying at supersonic speeds, a few hours to fly from one continent to another. The big development around the world have passenger air transport. Began to form large transport and passenger aircraft. Our country is in this construction is always at the forefront. There are whole families of Anova, IL's, Too. Among them, for example, the An-22. "Antey" — one of the largest aircraft in the world, a handsome IL-62, a highly reliable — Tu-154. Air force has received the world's best fighter MiG-s, and Su, AI companies Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich and PO Sukhoi. Looking forward to flying high! Happy Air Force!
Speech aerobatic group "Rus"