America is losing production capacity, jobs and valuable technology, as the country moves to a more service-oriented economy, but the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression only accelerated this re-orientation, forcing the closing industrial plants throughout the United States.
Many of these plants due to the irresponsible policies of free trade, moved to Mexico or China and India, where labor is cheap, and the environment is almost absent.
Others simply closed and consolidated production trying to cut costs and stay competitive with multinational companies that have at their disposal a cheap labor in the Third World.
Indiana lost 200 jobs with the closure of the factory Eli Lilly & Co., Which closed earlier this year, and another 1,100 factory jobs Whirlpool announced that moved to Mexico. Closure of the plant will result in a loss of about a hundred more manufacturing jobs. Textile Factory Perfect Fit Industries in Luguti, Indiana, recently announced that he was going to close for good. The company has been around since the 1930s, and served as a major source of jobs for the small community of 2,700 people.
Quad / Graphics Inc., Printing company in Wisconsin, announced that it would close at least five plants until the end of the year.
"Thanks to these plans more customers can benefit from our leadership in this field and automation, while simultaneously receiving high quality services on time," the company said in a press release.
A total of about 2,200 employees will be unemployed.
In Kenosha, Wisconsin, Chrysler engine plant will also close, leaving 575 workers without jobs. And another 151 staff will join the ranks of the unemployed 9.5 percent at the close of Dean Foods factory in Florence, South Carolina.
According to the American Prospect, since 2000 the U.S. has lost 5.5 million manufacturing jobs, of which 2.1 million of the past two years.
American Prospect also believes that, since 2001, 42,400 U.S. factories have closed their doors, and the staff of about three-quarters of which was over five hundred people.
According to Moody's, one million of these jobs will never come back. A National Association of Manufacturers says that in the best case, only 540,000 jobs will return to the industrial sector in the next five years.
"In these economic conditions, there is no way that a man lost his job and thinks," Oh, well, I'll find another job, "says the wife working Quad / Graphics, which will soon become unemployed.