Traditional historiography II-nd World paints a picture in which the United States fought valiantly against Germany and its allies, throwing huge efforts and resources to fight the enemy. However, it was not entirely true American moneybags and their faithful friends in the U.S. government for a long time could not forget his faithful ally of the pre-war — Hitler.
While American soldiers died valiantly in Sicily and on the beaches of Normandy, in the hands of the Nazis in the U.S. stream flowed fuel, spare parts and were the latest technology.
In 1931, the American journalist Annette of Anton's "Detroit Neuse" interviewed the new leader of Germany, Adolf Hitler. Above the desk of the main Nazi correspondent saw a portrait of a major U.S. avtodeltsa Henry Ford. In response to Annette surprisingly, Hitler sincerely said, "Henry Ford I feel it is my inspiration."
Ford has not happened to be among the idols of the Fuhrer. It is thanks to Ford, as well as a number of the largest U.S. money-bags, there was a hidden increase in Germany's war potential. In the prewar years, the economy of the Reich grew by leaps and bounds.
Probably the most typical representative of American business, and at the same time, a great friend of Hitler could be called the Henry Ford — Senior. As one of the main gates of the U.S. market, Henry Ford has provided substantial financial support to the Nazi Party. In gratitude, Hitler not only hung his portrait in his Munich residence, but also with admiration about Ford wrote in his book "Mein Kampf." In response, Ford annually congratulated "his German friend," Happy birthday, while he gave a "gift" to the value of 50,000 Reichsmarks.
Even before the war, the Nazis received from Ford's subsidiaries in Germany, Belgium and France 65,000 trucks. In addition, a subsidiary of Ford in Switzerland has repaired thousands of German trucks. German vehicle repaired and the Swiss branch of another American auto giant "General Motors", who is also the largest contributor to the German automaker "Opel", successfully working with him throughout the war and got a fair dividend. But Ford was out of the competition!
According to a U.S. military historian Henry Schneider, Ford helped the Germans to obtain rubber which is vital for the German industry. Not only that, until the beginning of World War II, the owner of the auto giant U.S. military equipment supplied to Hitler, for which he dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Ford Foundation has awarded the hero of the day Hitler Third Reich's highest honor for foreigners — "Grand Cross of the German Eagle." German Consul even made a trip to Detroit to personally hang golden cross with a swastika on his chest avtomagnatu. Ford was delighted with this award. At the grand gala dinner organized on the anniversary day — July 30, 1938, was attended by more than 1,500 of the richest of Detroit.
Even with the start of the Second World Ford has not stopped cooperation with the Nazis. In 1940, Ford refused to collect aircraft engines at war with Germany, Great Britain, while the French town of Poissy its new plant began producing aircraft engines for the Nazi army, trucks and cars as they came Wehrmacht. And since 1941 the branch of "Ford" in occupied France continued to produce trucks for the Wehrmacht, and the other branch, in Algeria, supplied Nazi General Rommel trucks and armored vehicles. Even in April 1943, when the Soviet Union led a bloody battle with the Nazis, the French subsidiaries of Ford worked exclusively for the benefit of Germany. Freight "five-tonne" and cars "Ford" were the Wehrmacht army transport. The main issue for the corporation remained profits that she tried to get at any price. At the end of the war Allied aircraft bombed a factory in Poissy, but a Ford plant in Cologne, German is not touched, although nearly all ancient city was destroyed. Remarkably, after the war, the company "Ford" as its powerful rival "General Motors", thanks to the efforts of the major advocates, has made the U.S. government for compensation "for damages to their property in enemy territory."
"Ford" was not the only U.S. corporation, had a hand in the creation of the German war machine. At the outbreak of the Second World War, the total deposits of U.S. corporations in their German branches and offices totaled about $ 800 million. Attachments of Ford — 17,5 миллионов, Standard Oil of New Jersey (now existing under the guise of Exxon) — 120 million, General Motors — 35000000, ITT — 30 million.
So, for aviation Reich, U.S. companies have delivered thousands of aircraft engines and, more importantly, the license for their production. For example, engines BMW «Hornet", which was equipped with the most mass transport airplane Germany, "Ju-52", produced under license from American company Prat & Whitney.
General Motors in Germany owned by Opel. In the factories of the company Die-armored vehicles of the Reich, as well as nearly 50% of powertrains Junkers-88 bombers. In 1943, the German subsidiary of General Motors has developed and started producing motors for the Messerschmitt-262 — the first jet fighter, the Luftwaffe.
The company IBM during World has managed to triple its capital. Much of it was obtained through collaboration with Hitler. Delivered through a German subsidiary of counting machines enabled the Nazis in a short time to conduct a census of the population of the occupied countries and to determine the number of persons to be arrested (equipment helped by cross-sectional analysis to identify even those Jews who for several generations, carefully concealed their origin). His calculating machines, spare parts and special paper IBM supplied many departments of the Reich, including — concentration camps.
Of course, in words, the U.S. government also counteracted the collusion of American corporations with the Nazis. For example, during the war, a law was passed «Trading with the enemy act», which provided for harsh punitive measures for such cooperation. But in fact, many lobbyists smuggled moneybags in all echelons of government, helped by circumvent any obstacles.
American lawyer James Martin, speaking against the practice of other economic cooperation with the enemy, in his book "The Brotherhood of business", said: "In Germany we do not interfere with the German and American businessmen. Those who disturb us, operated out of the United States, but did not act openly. We do not interfere with any law, approved by Congress, not an order of the U.S. President, not the decision of the president or any member of the Cabinet to change the policy. In short, we do not formally prevent the "government". But prevents us strength, as is clear, holding in their hands the levers by which usually operate government. In the face of the growing economic power of the Government on the powerless, and it is certainly not news. "
Even after Germany declared war on the United States, a number of major U.S. companies with the connivance of the White House continued to collaborate with Hitler!
Petroleum Corporation, Standard Oil of New Jersey (Exxon) supplied the Nazis gasoline and lubricants for $ 20 million. Until the landing of American troops in France tanker fleet "neutral" Spain has worked almost exclusively on the needs of the Wehrmacht, providing his American "black gold", formally intended for Madrid. Even in the early months of 1944 Germany re-exported from Spain 48,000 tons per month.
The same happened with the other strategic raw materials — rubber. At a time when States were unable to supply its own army of raw materials, such as synthetic rubber, Standard Oil signed a deal with Hitler's Germany, according to which the company undertook to carry out a regular supply of raw materials, fuel and rubber for the ocean — in Germany, Italy and Austria. As a result, the U.S. Army was left with nothing — the supply of necessary raw materials were painted by the Rockefeller clan at 8 years. When the U.S. entered World War II, the U.S. government was forced to negotiate with a fake British office that sold rubber and other necessary resources, purchased from German corporations, which in turn are outfitted with Rockefeller. Thus, when the Americans through third parties acquired their same raw materials, Standard Oil received a windfall and that and the other.
In 1942, the United States struck a small scandal: Standard Oil deliberately reduced the supply of methanol to the U.S. Army. Methanol was used for the production of lubricants on the basis of natural gas (air required when flying at high altitudes), acetic acid (a component of explosives) and synthetic rubber. Finally, in 1943, the Rockefellers in occupied France has sold 25,000 tons of ammonium sulfate (a component of explosives) and 10,000 tons of cotton, despite the fact that the lack of such goods keenly felt in the United States.
And the Germans came from overseas synthetic rubber, and, of course, a lot of parts for the aviation and automotive industries, for tanks. Of particular value is 1,100 tons of tungsten obtained in the course of the war by Germany on the United States. It is known that tungsten was a key ingredient in the manufacture of anti-tank shells and the electronics industry.
The dark history has been associated with the concern SKF — the world's largest manufacturer of ball bearings. While the giant party bearings (over 600,000 annually) went through South America Nazi clients, Curtiss-Wright aviation corporation, manufactures engines for the U.S. Air Force, for a long time did not received from SKF cherished steel balls. Prat & Whitney — another manufacturer of aircraft engines — because of supply disruptions bearings from SKF has also been forced to cut production. Because of worn parts aircraft suffered an accident, people were dying, some of the new machines in general could not get up in the air, but SKF interested only in profit, while the Germans were paying more.
When 14 October 1943 the commander of the U.S. Army Aviation General Henry Arnold ordered the commission of an air raid on the SKF ball bearing plant in Schweinfurt, Germany, the enemy somehow proznal about the operation and was able to prepare a defense, shooting down by 60 American aircraft. October 19 Arnold bluntly told the London News Chronicle: «They have not been able to organize the defense, if it had not been warned in advance." Who warned the German branch, I think, to explain too.
Reich helped American corporations and military development. In the midst of war, experts call the Morgan-controlled multinational U.S. corporations "International Telephone Telegraph" worked hand in hand with their German colleagues in Switzerland, with a great roof of the German secret service. One of the shareholders of ITT was the head of the Security Service of political intelligence Walter Schellenberg. And the head of ITT Sostenes Colonel Ben, at the height of the war the Nazis provided assistance in improving the guided aerial bombs. With the help of the bombs the Germans brutally devastated London, sank or damaged many ships, among which, ironically, were also American, for example the American cruiser "Savannah".
When the Nuremberg trial judge president "Reichsbank" and Hitler's Economics Minister Hjalmar Schacht, he remembered about the connections 'Opel' with "General Motors" and offered to put in the dock captains of American business. Of course, the offer was not accepted.