After eight years, Russia has almost completely support themselves with sugar, nearly 90 per cent — the meat. Imported fish products on the shelves will be no more than 18 percent. A production of domestic cheeses by 2016 will grow more than a quarter.
Such ambitious plans spelled out in the Strategy of development of the food processing industry, which was developed by the Ministry of Agriculture and already approved by the Government. In total, it is assumed in the document production supply 2020 should be increased by 1.4 times. In particular, grain production could reach 125 million tonnes against 94 received in the past year. Sugar beet production is expected to reach 42 million tons, milk — more than 38 million tons, potatoes — 34 million tons. "Doubt that these figures are achievable, no. But we must create an economic environment in order to manufacture products to be effective, that is to provide markets. Should not forget about the new conditions in connection with the entry into the WTO. Expected reduction in customs duties on a number of imported goods. Therefore, the government should develop such measures to stimulate the growth of competitiveness of national products which are consistent with WTO rules, "- shared his opinion," RG "the vice-president of the Russian Grain Union Alexander Korbut.
It is worth noting that in recent years to produce their products and recycle them in the country have become more. However, for certain types of food Russia still remains import-dependent country. For example, in 2010 the market was provided by a quarter imports of fish and meat by 19 percent — imported dairy products. In addition, the per capita consumption of meat, milk, vegetables, fruits and berries in Russia so far below the recommended medical standards. For example, meat, Russians eat about 68 pounds per year at a rate of 70-75 pounds. Dairy products — 247 pounds at a rate of 320-340, fruits and berries — 57 pounds at a rate of 90-100 pounds. Therefore, the growth of food production by 1.4 times, according to the Agriculture Ministry, can be achieved primarily by increasing the production of meat, milk, sugar and vegetables. In this case, the production capacity in Russia to be loaded by 85 percent.
Of interest is the strategy section on regional "growth points". Thus, in the Central Black Earth region, the main competitive advantage of which is fertile land, should, for example, to develop the production of sugar. Direct investment in the modernization and construction of new sugar mills in Lipetsk, Tambov and Ryazan regions. The capacity of each of them could reach 8-9 million tons of sugar beet per day.
The development of the North-West region is defined by access to major sea lanes. This creates the conditions for the development of markets for meat, fish and dairy industries. In the south of Russia will develop the processing of beet, vegetable oil, and soybean meal. In coastal and mountain regions such as Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar and Stavropol regions, it is necessary to focus on the development of wine production and the cultivation of fruit crops. In the Volga Federal District will focus on the production of butter and cheese. Construction of modern enterprises with a daily milk processing 400-500 tons is possible in Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Udmurtia, and in the Kirov region. The development of food processing industry in Siberia and the Far East will largely depend on the "state policy to encourage population growth in these areas, and use of the huge potential for the development of fishery industry, agricultural production and processing in order to export products to the markets of the Asia-Pacific region , "the document says. Great potential in the Altai region. There's promise to build a new dairy and cheese-making plants, as well as facilities for primary processing of meat. In addition, Altai play the role of one of the major producers of grain and grain mill products, which can be successfully exported to the Asia-Pacific free trade zone.
It is worth noting that the approved strategy of development of the food processing industry will be implemented in stages. "The sequence of tasks is determined by several factors. This and further formation of the Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC), and Russia's accession to the WTO, and the expected wave of new technology in the leading countries of the world, which is associated with the introduction of new production," — commented on the document " RG "Acting Agriculture Minister Elena Skrinnik. The strategy is also important for social and economic development. "Food and beverage industry is more than 11 percent in the structure of the industrial production. The industry employs more than 43 thousand enterprises, they employ over 1.3 million workers," — said Elena Skrinnik.
In general, the strategy should be the basis for the development of the relevant federal and regional programs.