Contemporary architects are at a loss how the ancient inhabitants of the Americas managed to square a huge chunks of stone. And, it was done so well that the boulders fit together very tightly: hardly possible to insert between the thinnest blade.
Meanwhile, a long wall in Cuzco is composed of several hundred thousand shapeless lumps, and the wall, by the way, is ideal. Any modern engineer, architect or mathematician will tell you honestly that does not know how it was done. And no one knows.
What if our ancestors knew a way to soften the stones? They softened surface to the consistency of modeling clay and then for an hour formed a unique face of his beloved deity. Could it be? No one can say for sure, but the Latin American Indians claim that such a process existed.
Colonel Percy X. Fawcett, of which we have already mentioned, was an officer in the British Army, and was engaged in surveying — in the beginning of the century he was often invited the governments of various countries in Latin America to clarify the state borders. For this work he had to equip eight expeditions. Of the latter he did not return, which gave rise to all sorts of fantasies and legends concerning the reasons for his disappearance. His youngest son, Brian Fawcett published the diaries of his father, who literally crammed with astonishing information.
Thus he writes that in the forests on the slopes of the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes lives a little bird, like a kingfisher. It nests in small, perfectly round holes in the surfaces of rocks, standing at the mountain streams and rivers. Fawcett began to observe the birds and noticed that when they sit down on the rocks, each bird is holding in its beak a leaf of a plant, and then starts to rub the surface of the rock in a circular motion as long as the sheet is not crumble. Then she flies away and comes back with the same sheet, and the process is repeated.
After about four such operations bird starts pecking stone, and, believe it or not, in front of a rock crumbles. After some time, formed a perfectly round hole big enough so that the bird can build a nest.
Colonel Fawcett drew attention to two remarkable phenomena that are relevant to the topic. About the first he told one person who has made a five-mile trip to the virgin forest along the Pyrenees in Peru. His lame horse, had to dismount and lead her on a leash. When he reached the place, he found that his spurs rusted almost through.
Startled, he showed spurs to his friend, and he asked if he did not pass through dense thickets of low-growing shrub with fleshy leaves. He replied in the affirmative, and then his friend said that it is they "ate" spurs, adding: "These plants used for the treatment of Inca stone."
Another observation Fawcett's even more remarkable. He and several other Europeans and Americans on the weekend went to see the ancient tombs. They took with them a local resident who had to carry out excavations, and have taken a few bottles of spirits, very popular in the locality. Soon on the site of one of the members of the excavation is pretty hard to recruit and became scold native.
The case went to the evening, and there was nothing to boast of, except for a large excavated pottery bottle. It was securely sealed, and there still remains some liquid. Finally, they decided to open it. In the bottle was a thick, black, sticky and unpleasant-smelling liquid. Tipsy member of the company decided that I needed to taste, and chose for this poor fellow local.
He sniffed the liquid, pale, jumped up and tried to escape. But bored gringo grabbed him and forced to drink. Unhappy resisted like a man possessed, finally managed to escape and ran into the bushes. During the fight, fell and broke a bottle and its contents spilled puddle on the stone, on which stood a bottle before.
Soon the liquid has disappeared and in its place the entire stone was covered with some substance resembling clay-like putty. Joining forces, they formed some kind of paste, which could create and sculpt out of it anything like plasticine or hot wax!
However, it is not known whether there is a plant whose sap can soften pretty solid rocks (including granite). As there is no evidence that, with the help of this plant Indians softened stones from which to build their standing to this day the pyramids, castles and churches. And if so, then perhaps they were not the only ones who have found a solution to the problem.