January 3, 2013. Chronology of devastating natural disasters in the past year significantly expanded with new developments and analysis of the frequency of such processes suggests that future extreme weather events will become the norm. This is all the more scientists say, that capture more and more evidence that the impact of human activity on the environment becomes more and more destructive form. The process is growing like a snowball, and it is difficult to say that whether all international efforts to develop a common policy to protect our planet from irreversible changes.
"Sandy", "Bofa" and others …
In November last year, a hurricane named "Sandy", which struck the U.S. East Coast, flooded New York for a few days and paralyzed life not only in the largest American metropolis, but also in a large number of other settlements in several states. Then the governor of the state of the same name, Andrew Cuomo, in an interview, acknowledged that natural disasters are becoming more frequent, and become one of the hallmarks of today. "We still have to learn to live in such a climate," — declared the governor. And just a couple of weeks at the beginning of December, another tropical storm — "Bofa", less than a day flooded the capital of the Philippines — Manila, killing more than a thousand people and leaving millions homeless.
As the "Voice of America", commenting on the recent events, a climate scientist Todd Sanford said that these hurricanes are part of the general climate processes taking place at the moment in the world. Changing the key climate indicators categorically demonstrates that the climate of our planet is changing and getting warmer. Increases the temperature of the air and water in the oceans is increasing the level of the oceans and seas, the centuries-old ice is melting polar ice caps, which leads to a change in ocean currents that shaped the climate before. As a result, hurricanes and storms develop more rapidly, and their strength and destructive capacity is only increasing. Warming of the climate, however, does not mean that the living conditions on our planet will become more comfortable. According to another scientist — a senior scientist at the World Health Organization Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, increases in temperature and humidity in the uncharacteristic for this area will lead to the development of acute intestinal infections and malaria.
The international community has declared the adoption of measures to prevent the process of global change, however, many conferences and symposia provide little results. As noted by the participant of the recent World Climate Conference in Doha, an analyst at the Environmental Defense Fund Jennifer Haverkamp, she experienced the disappointment of the event, because the conference did not live up to expectations and has not developed any clear solutions.
The damage and consequences
However, analysts say the section "Media" magazine "Market Leader" and the consequences of global climate change have a certain value, but the damage from the changes in the future of humanity only to be assessed. As can be seen from today's press release German reinsurance company «Muenchener Rueckversicherung AG», she estimated the total damage from the natural disasters that happened in the world in the past year. Amounted to at least $ 160 billion, while the payment of insurance companies contested the facts of the damage should make $ 65 billion.
However, the risk of future lie not only in the plane of devastating hurricanes and floods. As the Italian edition «Corriere della Sera», in the near future, the world may face a shortage of bread and wheat products, for global changes have led to the global gross harvest of wheat began to decline, and for the past half century it has fallen by 5.5 per cent and the average temperature on Earth has increased by only 0.5 degrees. Given the fact that in the next hundred years, scientists predict that the growth temperature indicators by 3-4 degrees, it will inevitably lead to a further drop in grain yield that with continued population growth are more likely to lead to famine, social unrest and wars in the world.