Strange skull of Ikki, Peru, and Mexico Merida
These skulls were photographed by Robert Connolly during his travels around the world, during which he collected various materials about ancient civilizations. The discovery of these skulls came as a surprise to him. Robert Connolly published photographs of these skulls, and the results of their research on a separate CD-ROM, calling it "a search of ancient wisdom" in 1995.
Since it is very difficult to find additional materials on the origin of these skulls, all attempts utsnovit their age or somehow associate their appearance with chelovechkskoy race doctrine is difficult. The skulls are very different to each other, as if belonging to different species, and only vaguely resemble a human skull. The first thing that catches your eye — is an abnormal shape and size. The photos show the four different groups of skulls. For convenience, we call them conditionally "conical", "lampogolovy" or "J" and "V" depending on the form, except the first, perhaps the most ancient skull which nazvadi "pre-modern".
When some of these pictures (the first two) were mailed to CompuServe more than a year ago, many of the researchers have suggested that this strain is caused by compression of the artificial head, known in some races of Nubia, Egypt and other ancient cultures. However, this theory has one flaw — the inner part of the skull skulls mentioned, despite the free-udlinennenost and rounded forehead, emeet exactly the same amount as a normal human skull, but with a different form. They are closer to the type of prehistoric skulls with rounded rear part than the "tapered" type. Bevel types of skulls do not occur among the usual skulls.
The first skull causes problems in itself. The rear part of the skull could belong to Neanderthal-semestva but has a lower jaw closer to the current type, and in general has advanced forms and features. Shape of the skull has nikakigo comparison with the forms of skulls Erectus or Neanderthal, and the skulls of modern humans. However, in this type of the skull, there are some inherent characteristics Neanderthal type, as well as Homo Erectus.Tem least too unusual angle cranial base. Of course, we can not exclude an artificial cranial deformation, however, it is unlikely that the frontal part of the process of deformation would occur deformation and jaw as a result of which it would resemble a modern type with a distinctive view of the chin. A more likely answer — the skull belongs to an unknown type of ancient human or humanoid creature.
As we can see, a cranial capacity of these strange creatures comparable to the cranial capacity of modern man. This is not surprising, since the Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon skulls had sufficient volume (from 1600 to 1750 cm2) compared to modern humans (about 1450 cm2). Reducing the amount of (quite sudden — 10,500 years BC people began to have a smaller cranial capacity) — not less puzzling question, but it is — the subject of another study.
Perfectly clear that the representative of the ancient human type is doing on the South American continent? According to the orthodox anthropology, this skull simply does not exist because it can not be! The oldest date of appearance of humans in North America — about 35,000 years BC and much later for South America, the figure is based primarily on the theory of migration narodov.Edinstvennye found cheloveskie types who came to the continent already had modern anatomy. There are some other sources that indicate that at an earlier time across the United States can be found all members of the human types, however, took a more academic science preconceived notions, no matter what. It's safer:
"Pre-modern" type skulls and the following three specimens were found in the area of Paracas (Paracas) — Peru. This does not imply any connection between them. There is a possibility that the "pre-modern" can be a precursor to "cone" type, but since we do not have at hand analyzes that allow to establish the exact date of the skulls, these assumptions may be our only guesses and no more.
"Taper" unusual type of its skull. We have a three instances, exclude the possibility of random or artificial deformation (as we have already mentioned in the case of Nubian deformed skulls, which had a very different form of an artificial deformation). They have distinct morphological characteristics, without a doubt, closely related to a common origin and may represent an alternative branch of the genus Homo, if not quite the other.
Comparison of type C1 with a modern human skull has only minor differences due to the lengthening of the cranial korobki.Tem Yet, as we see C2 and C3 are the correct angle of the skull base, comparable to normal. Common sizes are also equal.
All three skulls of the same cranial capacity — 2200 cm2, but it could be 2500sm2. Skull shape can be caused by a purely biological necessity — survival of the species — increase brain for better adaptation to the survival and reproduction of nature. However, despite this, we do not find now, "tapered" style, something prevented it from spreading as widely as soremenny people.
Skull of type "J" creates a whole range of problems. This is the first — a violation of the basic proportions in relation to the modern man with the exception of non-skotorym characteristics. Less significant changes undergone eye falling-us, having a size of only 15% more of the modern man. The more significant change — the value of the cranium, the volume of which — from 2600 to 3200 cm2 cm2.
As before, the age of this instance is unknown, and we do not know other instances of this type of skulls. Closer to it may be the type of "M", the most bizarre of all the described skulls.
Skull of type "M" is presented incompletely — the lower part is deformed and lost. However, even the fragmentation of the jawbone, can say with confidence chno it is identical to modern man. Rather, the scope of the skull is the largest of the Xia-all of the above eksemplyarov. Equally unusual, and two speakers on the skull, "petal". The volume can be evaluated in more than 3,000 cm2.
Both "J" and "M" border biological incompatibility impossibility. The only reasonable explanation that can be given for the natural occurrence of such instances — neoteny (increasing life expectancy), about their types, so starne skulls may have contributed to an increase and a significant increase in life expectancy.
Any arguments in favor of a simple artificial deformation of the skulls of all these little justified. Abnormal size or shape of the skull of the modern population still occur, but they are changes in the normal human skulls, with preservation of all sizes and proportions. The largest four-rap, registered in the medical literature, had a volume of 1980 cm 2, however, the skull had a normal shape.
It should also be borne in mind that the abnormal growth of the skull has irreversible consequences for the health of the individual in the early stages of the development of the body, without exception, these individuals tend to live very long. Nature ruthless in this case. Predstavldennye same here copies prinazhlezhat adult individuals.
The cranial capacity (weight of the brain) and intelligence have nothing to do with each other. There are cases where lyudim with large skulls (as a person with the largest skull mentioned above) were idiots, and vice versa, Franz Ana only with the volume of 1100 cm 2 was a brilliant writer.