The Washington Post reported citing caught at its disposal the report of experts of the U.S. Army (Army), since 1995 only in the form of the Armed Forces (AF) America was discontinued perform 22 programs to create new types of weapons and military equipment (AME) , 15 of which have been eliminated in the last 10 years.
In total, the proprietary software from the military budget was pointless spent about $ 32 billion in bulk army appropriations were allocated unproductive spent on implementing a number of programs, including such major programs as the creation of multi-reconnaissance attack helicopter "Comanche» (RAH- 66 Comanche) and "Future Combat Systems» (FCS).
Earlier this year, at the direction of Secretary of the Army John McHugh, U.S. experts have assessed the implementation of closed military programs to develop new weapons from 1995 to 2010. The study was conducted under the direction of Gilbert Decker, a former deputy minister for development and procurement of arms and military equipment, and retired General Louis Wagner, at the time headed the command of the material resources of the U.S. Army.
Open access report on the work done there, however, as the newspaper The Washington Post, the activities of the Army Command and management units to control the placement of orders for the development and procurement of new weapons, has been rated as unsatisfactory, and their management practices are different programs has been called "unacceptable . " The same estimates received and DoD as a whole.
A study conducted by army experts, suggests that the Pentagon leadership, and with it, the leaders of the U.S. defense industry, at present trying to radically change their approach to the implementation of new programs to build weapons. In accordance with the realities of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the leaders of the military department of America agreed to give up their ambitions in the Sun implementation of the most advanced weapons systems, the cost of which require billions of dollars of costs. The heads of Defense came to the conclusion that today is much more advantageous to carry out activities aimed at improving the effectiveness of the armament and proven in combat systems and equipment.
During the past 10 years allocations MO, soared. However, as it turned out, the budget boom has not led to an increase in technological advances and increasing the combat power of the Pentagon, which was considered the most desirable and probable result of the efforts the Pentagon to build combat power of its forces.
In the final part of the report on the closure of the program of the Ministry of the U.S. Army provides guidance on carrying out activities that are intended to prevent such a large expenditure of useless in the long term. Analysts say that this ordering Army units must strictly adhere to the time-categories of processes of development and procurement of arms and military equipment to more effectively assess and manage risk, to enter into contracts with reliable companies and contractors to provide well-designed technical specifications. According to the American press, the army chiefs have assured the Pentagon that they have already completed almost all of these recommendations.
As stated at the end of May this year going to resign, Defense Secretary Robert Gates, speaking at the American Enterprise Institute (American Enterprise Institute) in front of the most radical representatives of the American public, after the events of September 11, 2001 is "almost a twofold increase Pentagon spending to modernize the Armed Forces" it was not very productive. During the past decade, DoD spent on the research, development, testing, evaluation and procurement of new weapons almost $ 700 billion, but the costs in terms of growth of the combat capabilities of troops America, gave a "very modest results." Such an outcome Secretary of War called "vexing and disturbing."
Gates also said that gone are the days when requests for allocations of Defense did not cause any issues with the presidents and legislators. Today, according to the Pentagon chief, subordinate to the Defense Ministry should be considered objectively with economic realities and to ensure the functioning of the war machine with a smaller amount allocated appropriations. At the present stage of Defense leadership has focused on ensuring compliance with existing arms maintain their performance characteristics by keeping the operating forces of IWT in working order at the expense of timely repair. In addition, the leaders of the U.S. military are taking steps to adopt a more balanced approach to decisions on the development of new weapons and military equipment.
Liquidated of MI
The main part of the useless spent 32 billion came in the helicopter "Comanche" and to work on the creation of future combat systems. When making the decision to open the program create a helicopter "Comanche", he was seen as the main army aviation aircraft, able to provide "protection of digital battlefield." Its construction was supposed to use the most recent advances in the development of aviation technology. It was planned that the "Comanche" is beyond the reach of enemy air defenses and effectively applied as in the night, and in adverse weather conditions, and the radius of its effect substantially exceeds the similar characteristics of all other helicopters, the armament of the U.S. Army.
In 2000, this multi-purpose reconnaissance and attack helicopter was considered the highest priority weapon system, which is planned to pribresti leadership of the Ministry of the U.S. Army. Former Deputy Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army General Richard Cody (Richard Cody) called RAH-66 helicopter, "the most flexible and agile" aircraft that have ever been produced in America. It was assumed that NE gradually will buy 650 of these helicopters in the amount of $ 39 billion
But four years later, to be realized within 20 years of the program, on which work has been in total spent about $ 8 billion, six of which occurred in 1995-2004, was suddenly closed and was among the 22 programs mentioned in a recent Report military experts.
During the early closure of this program, Boeing and Sikorsky helicopters engaged in the development of "Comanche", received compensation in the amount of $ 700 million were built two prototypes of the helicopter, which are now in the Museum of Army Aviation at Fort Rucker. The closure of this program, the Pentagon and the Department of the U.S. Army were able to redirect the $ 15 billion to other programs and projects. Since 2004, out of this amount, $ 2.2 billion was spent on the purchase of UAVs 2.2 billion — on attack helicopters AH-64 Apache and 1.5 — to repair and modernize transport helicopter CH-47 Chinook.
Instead of a helicopter "Comanche" army superiors tried to create a reconnaissance helicopter ARH (Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter), but due to significant excess of anticipated expenditures, the program was also canceled. The contract for its establishment was signed in 2005. However, its estimated value to July 2008 increased by more than 40%, instead of the $ 8.6 million per unit was 12.3 million addition, a two-year period increased the supply schedule. By the time the application is closed it was spent 533 million dollars
However, the U.S. Army to a certain extent able to recoup their costs for the program "Comanche". Many of the technologies developed in the making of this war machine, currently used in the helicopter AH-64D Apache Longbow Block III, production of which began in the spring of this year.
Program to create a family of combat systems called "Future Combat Systems» (FCS), in the eight years of its implementation has absorbed $ 19 billion budget of the army, too, was hopeless. The development of this technique, which included a variety of types of means of warfare, beginning and ending with the UAV tanks and howitzers, was launched in 2003. If there was to be created by the new tanks, in addition to conventional guns, machine guns and grenade launchers, laser weapons to equip promising to defeat lightly armored vehicles and low-flying targets. During its existence, the program changed several times and in 2009 was finally closed.
Commenting on the decision to terminate, Robert Gates said that in his experience, the intention "to change everything at once, and create something totally new," usually ends with "expensive disaster", as in the military sphere as opposed to the civilian revolutionary transformations require huge effort and a lot of money. As a result, the program "Future Combat Systems" has been completely redone and is now in its framework provides for the acquisition is mainly produced samples of weapons and military equipment. Part of the appropriations allocated for the program, which now appears as the modernization program of the U.S. Army, will be directed to the development of certain types of new technology. However, they will be brought more simple requirements.
The rest of the time spent unproductively army budget has fallen to a number of smaller programs and projects of the Ministry of the Army, including the operational-tactical missile ATACMS (1,6 billion dollars over 11 years) and 155-mm self-propelled artillery Crusader (2,8 billion dollars for 8 years). All other closed 18 small projects in 15 years Army has spent $ 2.4 billion
Similar data on closing military programs in the Ministries of the Air Force and the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps in the public domain does not exist. However, according to U.S. experts, and these agencies over the past 15 years, wasted a significant amount of its budget to programs that have not been completed.