The Adventures of reincarnation and Dmitry Bystroletova

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaMind-boggling story of a famous Russian illegal intelligence

In the calendar of the Russian Intelligence special characters are inscribed the names of the "great illegals" 30s, and in the midst of their joyous brilliance shines the name of Dmitry Bystroletova. It contributed much to himself. Man unhealthy and sardonic, he was in his later years in oblivion and took up the pen. Pero it was easy, even windy, but his brisk demand note were not found. He went so far as to come up with an interview with himself.

I hurriedly pulled out a pen and notepad.

— Please tell me that you could tell our readers? For example, how are the scout as zabugornom live in hiding. And, of course, would like to hear some of your examples of their work.
Dmitry thinks.

— I was warned about your arrival. All agreed. But I can read only one strict condition. German and Italian fascists during the last war destroyed. But imperialism as an international system alive, and his fosterling again waged against fierce Russian implicit and obvious struggle. Because in his own story, I have to be careful — talk about being more operations, but without mentioning any names or dates. So it will be quieter …

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaIt was nothing of the "soldier" — or Communist ideology or heavy sense of duty. The young, light, courtly, refined and charming dressed fine, he remembers the character of Viennese operetta. He could be a spy at least some European countries. But fate has led him to work for the NKVD.

Toiling obscurity and the consciousness of a life lived in vain, he went one day to book a suit in the atelier of the Ministry of Defence, to which was attached, though he never served in the Red Army and had no military rank. Talking to a talkative tailor, he learned that a tailor-law does the writing humorous tales and satirical articles in the newspapers. Bystroletov put your own phone number and asked for the case-law to call.
Comedian of the name Emil Dreitser. Now he's a doctor of Russian literature at New York's Hunter College. In the U.S., had just published a book about his Bystroletove, the title of which — Stalin's Romeo Spy — together we have translated as "Stalin's spy-lover" by analogy with the traditional theatrical roles "lover boy". We met at the presentation of the book in the Library of Congress, and later read as a long time on the phone.

The first and last meeting with Emil Bystroletovym accomplished September 11, 1973 in cramped apartment on Vernadsky Prospekt.

— It was a bit of weird to have a meeting. I published as freelancers in the national press, but had worked at all in that genre, in what could be interested Bystroletov. When my father in law said that one of his customers' wishes come across to me, I was taken aback, but not much: quite often familiar columnist suggested some incidents from the life. When I came to him, he said that he wanted to try with my help to write a novel about his own life. And he began to speak. I was amazed — I never thought that I could write something else, apart from humor. And by the time he was much more experienced writer than I am: he has already written two novels, screenplays. I think that at that moment he was just desperate, lost faith that someday the truth about his life will be released.

I do not know what to do with this material. I went home, wrote down his story, at the same time as the time it was disturbing — it was year, When Solzhenitsyn was sent — I wrote down his name, just in case pencil, ink and everything else. It was clear that the issue is real. I am not fully aware of why he chose me. Later, when I met his family, they were told that he was at that time met with several journalists. In other words, he seems to have found a method in some way to capture your life. I think that he was, in fact, a very trusting person. He did not realize, as though aware of what a practicing journalist as long as you can and what can not write, he had no sense of self-censorship. I, for example, read his script, written in 1964-65, and was amazed: neuzh something he did not realize that it is impossible to put a Russian or a Russian movie scene?

— How Bulgakov's The Master: "Who has advised you to write a novel on such an unusual subject?"
— Specifically! He really did not realize, just like a child — he sent the manuscript to the KGB, and from there it to him, of course, returned.

Notebook own Emile Dreitser retained. Many years later, the ocean, he realized that fate brought him to dazzling personality. And he began to collect materials about Bystroletove.

Emergence

Way Bystroletova in exploration was thorny and tortuous. The creators of favorite essays about it usually take for granted his own autobiographical notes. Even in the official biography posted on the website of the SVR, said that he was the illegitimate offspring of Count Alexander Nikolayevich Tolstoy, bureaucrat, Ministry of Municipal Property. But evidence of this version does not exist. Dmitry Bystroletov was born in 1901 near Sevastopol in the Crimean estate of the famous first of the last century publisher and bookseller Sergei Apollonovicha Skirmunt. His mother Claudia D. was one of the first in Russia feminists and suffragettes, a member of the "Society for the Preservation of women's health," wore pants and as a challenge to the then propriety decided to have the baby out of wedlock. Here's a version of Emile Dreizer:

— His mother just talked 1st of holidaymakers in Crimea to become pope, as it was suffragette and wanted to prove that she does not care for the so-called decent society.

Thus was born Dmitry Bystroletov, never knew his own biological father. Advanced gaze mother brought him much suffering. He beheld her that her occasionally. 3 years of age he was sent to St. Petersburg, the family of the widow shot himself because of gambling debts Guards officer, which had two daughters. Mitya nor what is not needed, but terribly homesick. "Years of stay in St. Petersburg — he wrote later — I now portrayed as pink, sweet toffee, which gets stuck to your teeth hurt, and visits from the Wasp remembered as a whistle scourge." Wasp — a nickname my mother.

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaIn 1917 he graduated from the Bystroletov Sevastopol Sea Cadet Corps and went to World War II, was a member of the Black Sea Fleet operations against Turkey. In 1918, after the maritime school and high school in Anapa enrolled as a volunteer, in other words as a volunteer on preferential basis, of the Naval Forces of the Volunteer Army. In 1919, defected and fled to Turkey, he worked as a sailor, learned that such physical labor, hunger and cold.

From books Bystroletova "Feast of immortals." Beheld a German submarine and a Turkish destroyer, heard the whistle of shells aimed "at me." Used to the sleepless nights, to p
ulling bags on the back, to the swearing and drunkenness, to the roar of the waves, to the muddled. Was surprised at how preposterous is the existence of intellectuals and all those of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, if you look at them from the point of working life.

In the end, Dmitry Bystroletov was in Prague — one of the centers of Russian emigration — penniless and with dim prospects. There he was recruited by an employee of the Foreign Department of the OGPU. To cooperate with the Russian "authorities" have gone in the past then many irreconcilable enemies of Russian power — lack of money, out of desperation, out of patriotism (this string in particular could play recruiters).

In general, he Bystroletov in communion with Dreitser claimed that recruited him even in Russia, and in Prague, "reactivate":

— He said to me that he was recruited during the war, civilian clothes when he, along with his friend moved the Greek ship in Evpatoria, where then have been reddish and was Cheka. To him and asked the representative of the Cheka said that here, if you want to assist the motherland, then push off with the flow of refugees to the West, we have for you over time will give a point to know. And he told me then, I remember, he said: "Well, what I was aware that I knew I was a young man … Who can say "no" when the homeland is suggested to be useful. " And later in Czechoslovakia, he became secretary of the local "Students' Union — the people of the USSR." He participated in the activities of the Union is very intense. In the Prague newspaper archives, I beheld the year 1924-25, which is not often mentioned his name. They opposed the White Russians. For example, he and his friends, when Lenin died, put a noble guard. And in this moment Russian trade mission in Prague saw him and sheltered, paid work, as it wanted to expel.
Emil Dreitser convinced that, in agreement Bystroletova working for Soviet intelligence played a significant role his childhood trauma, neglect and unnecessary complex, which he carried through his childhood.

— What is the Bystroletov as a person? What were his beliefs? Why he went to explore?

— The roots of everything that came with it were personal, deeply personal. Because of the events of one's birth, this weird relationship with his mother, he had from childhood aggrieved person. He felt his inferiority. When he was outside of, then felt the inner need to be shared with the mother-country, without that he did not feel like a normal person. That's why it was easy to recruit. In addition, he was very needy. He says straight out that when it is, after all, sheltered Russian trade mission, it is the first time in years, had eaten their fill. He was destitute and willing to do anything, because he was promised that he will return to Russian Alliance, but it must be earned, it needs to do something.
— In other words, on the one hand, this restlessness, and on the other — self-assertion and, apparently, the romance of espionage.
— Yes, of course. He believed in the standards of the revolution, because it really dragged strshnoe, poor existence … And, naturally, he did not know the real face of the revolution.

Bystroletov got some moderate position clerk and at first nothing significant was engaged. But in the spring of 1927 Russian intelligence network in Europe, has suffered a series of disastrous failures. The guidelines of the Foreign Department of the OGPU was the first cleaning. The center of mass, it was decided to transfer the illegal exploration. Specifically, as a result of this directive Dmitry Bystroletov was transferred to the illegal situation.

— He wanted to go back to 1930. He had already figured it all sick of it. And there has been a colossal failure of the Russian spy network, not only in Europe, but if I'm not mistaken, and in China, and in the Land of the Rising Sun. It was then urgently needed a new call, and he was asked to stay for a few years, but this time as an illegal immigrant. This lesson was a large element of risk, and not without reason he cites Pushkin's "Feast or Famine": "All, everything that threatens death to mortal heart conceals inexplicably delight …" He lured this feeling. But he did not think that it will be delayed for long years that he will want to come back to him utter: the country needs to make it more and it's the fifth or the tenth …

Seduction

For many of the qualities Bystroletov perfectly suited for use in illegal intelligence. He was born artistry, he spoke fluent in several languages (he claimed that on 20), could not get the bad and multilateral education. In the end, he had another quality, which its founders virgin treasury smuschyayutsya read biographies. Bystroletov was charmingly beautiful and knew how to use his masculine charm. Emile knows Dreitser:
— At first, he was involved in what is usually responsible for exploration: reading the newspaper in search of disk imaging, which might be necessary. And then his first time lured … He spoke directly to me when we met with him: "I, — states — was young, is quite good and knew how to deal with women."

In the arsenal of intelligence is the instrument is far not the last. At one point I mentioned in the pages of "Top Secret" that as a civilian spouse manager Russian spy ring in the United States James Voices Elizabeth Bentley after the death of a spouse was depressed, and the resident requested the Centre to send her new husband, but hesitated Center, and Bentley has given the authorities the whole network. Another example — the daughter of a South American ambassador in Berlin, Martha Dodd, recruited by Russian intelligence Boris Grape, in which she passionately crush on. We may recall the adventures of Don Juan Briton John Symonds, who first 70s he offered his services to the KGB as a spy-lover. In his own autobiographical book Symonds enthusiastically recalls the lessons of Prof. skills acquired them from 2-charming Russian ladies trainers sex. One of the big film companies acquired in the past year, the film rights to the book Symonds, but has not yet decided who will play a major role — Daniel Craig or Jude Law.
In his declining years Bystroletov not without pride, recalled his men victory. The first of them he won back in Prague. In his own writings he refers to a lady, whom he met on the instructions of the resident, the Countess Fiorello Imperiali.

From the "Feast of the immortals." I started to work. But soon came a passionate love for another lady — Iolanthe. She replied to me in return, and we were married. Regardless of the wedding, I went on to design the assigned … And the nights in 2-beds lasted. In one I slept like a spouse. In the other — as the affianced bride. In the end, it's a horrible moment: I claimed from Fiorello irrevocable proof of her choice … After a few days she managed to bring a bag, in which were all cryptographic books embassy, pleading:
— Only an hour! One hour!
And later, Yolanda received from a resident of bed on the task of …

According to Emil Dreizer, pyshnovaty title Bystroletov invented his own passions — partly on judgments of privacy. In fact it was a fair secretary of the French Embassy. In the book by Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, "Sword and Shield" called the real name of this lady — Eliana Okutyurer. She was then 29 years old.
What's all the same for the other passionate romance — with his mistress Romanian general, but now no one will undertake to say for certain that he was in fact, very much it is described boulevard, just a Paul de Kock.

From the "Feast of the immortals." At a table with champagne on ice, we may have seemed very colorful couple — she in a deep low-cut
dress, I was in evening dress. We whispered as the young lovers. "If you betray me, you will be killed, as it puts out the nose of Switzerland" — read it in my ear, smiling sweetly. I smiled even sweeter and whispered to her: "If you betray me, you will be killed here in Zurich, on this very porch of the blue waters and snow-white swans."

Emil Dreitser believes that in fact intimate ties with espionage purposes Bystroletova have had two or three, at least.

— I think he used it with the French and was the wife of another British agent Oldham, himself, by the way, came to the Russian embassy. And then there was a different situation: she took the initiative, as her husband was a drunkard, and she was in utter despair.

Operation development cypher English MFA Captain Ernest Oldham became naikrupneyshey Prof. Bystroletova fortune. In August 1929 Oldham came to the Russian embassy in Paris. In dealing with a resident of the OGPU, Vladimir Voinovich, he did not call himself a real naming and proposed to implement English diplomatic code for 50 thousand dollars. Voinovich has brought down the cost of up to 10 thousand, and made arrangements for a meeting with Oldham in Berlin first of next year. At the meeting went Bystroletov. That's when he began to impersonate a Hungarian count who is in the network of Russian intelligence, and entered into an intimate affair with his wife Lucy Oldham, so tightly bound to discover spouses.

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaAn echo of this story is in the movie 1973 "A man in civilian clothes", filmed on the script Bystroletova, who himself played a cameo role in it. The movie talked about the adventures of a Russian spy Sergei in Nazi Germany for three years before the second world war. From other spyware fighters picture is different in that it did not have any heavy-handed Russian ideology of nostalgia for Russian birches and rhetoric about the high debt. Sergei, played by young Juozas Budrajtis was elegantly handsome, committing espionage exploits its simple, luxurious and not without humor. The hero of "The Man in civilian clothes" was akin to James Bond, and motion picture films as James Bond — a little parody. I remember being particularly amusing fake name Sergey — authoritative, but ruined Hungarian Count Perrin de Kiralgaze. It reminded me of the word "kerosene stove."

Lucy Oldham in this film turned into husband, Colonel General Staff of the Wehrmacht, the Baroness von Isolde Ostenfelzen. She played Ira Skobtseva, and most of Baron — Nikolai Gritsenko. Obviously, no alcohol and sex scenes: Baron — ideological spy.

Not without foundation, and another documentary film line — the case of the hero with a female Gestapo officer. Emile knows Dreitser:

— It was not just ugly — it was burnt face, a child she got in a car accident. And of course, it was impossible to approach her because, say, a French woman, pretend that you're in it got a crush. The Frenchwoman was pretty and young, and this was about 40 and she was quite disfigured. But he found a psychic key. She was ardent Nazi, and he always tried to ask, like stump: what such special in this sovereign Hitler, Goebbels in? I am a Hungarian who lived in America and do not understand why you are in Germany such a big fuss. And was able to convince her that he trusting such a young man who does not know of European politics. So evenly he managed to seduce her and be her fancy man. That's probably the highest grade.

In the painting "The civilian" role Sturmführer SS Doris Sherer plays Ludmila Khityayeva. Over a glass of wine she directs the Hungarian playboy in his faith: "You have to realize the graph that the world will soon sovereign northern German race." "But what you promise us, Hungarians?" — Is interested in the count. "The joy and honor to work under the control of the Nordic man" — Doris responds enthusiastically. The subject of her special pride — the album with the project approximate concentration camps. All this was a revelation in the then Russian cinematography.

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaReturn

— Realize Emile Bystroletovym with me any special difficulty. He, of course, is in the middle of Russian spies separate place. And to be honest, makes a dual memory. Povinet himself, his own writings about his espionage adventures — lightweight fiction. But that's human nature escapes, for this posture can not see it. Well, not seen, in fact, real cases. Here, for example, in the history of the atomic bomb all clear, we know that the bomb was made. And in the case Bystroletovym — well, extracted ciphers, and then what?
— Everything that you said, just explains the tragedy of life Bystroletova. It is at the end of their lives to realize what you read: all that it produced — diplomatic codes, standards, and all other instruments — was applied to the end. He realized that he was a pawn in the big game. He procured, others hunted, but Stalin, as we know, he rebuked treat the data: "I myself will consider and to think what that means." The fact of the matter is that his life was actually quite thrown into the dustbin. He was aware of this and the last issue in its own right says: NIGHT MODE I wake up and think about what was spent the best years of my life, not just my, and my fellow scouts … Weirdly grow old and stay late in life with nothing. Here are his words.
I perfectly understand that in some episodes he is as a person diverse feelings. He was a young man undermined advantages because almost everyone was doing it, that it does not decorate. But he needed it for self-affirmation.
But we're getting ahead. Let's go back to the time when the Russian Union in Stalin's Great Terror unfolded. In September 1936, was removed from the post of Commissar of the Interior Henry Berry. He was replaced by Nikolai Yezhov. The arrests began Governors of the Foreign Department. Responded to Moscow foreign apparatus intelligence officers. Ago nobody vorachivalsya. In 1937, he received a call illegal Ignatius Reiss, but decided to stay in France and in the same year, was killed in Switzerland as a result of a special operation of the NKVD. His friend and collaborator Walter Krivitskiy also remained in the West. Managing British illegal residency Theodore Mally came back and was shot. Was ordered to return and Dmitry Bystroletov.
— As I understand it, he knew Ignaz Reiss, O'Malley knew, he knew, apparently, Krivitsky …
— Yes.
— Mally returned, and Reiss and Krivitskiy — defectors. Bystroletov could not help but think on this subject, he knew, of course, what happens to those who had been recalled to Moscow. He was prepared for what would happen to him, placed his hopes justified? Why did he come back?
— I think it's all the same to the end did not believe … He was naive in that sense, did not realize until the end of the prerequisites of the Great Terror. He wondered what a mistake. Even when he was arrested after his arrest. Like many others, by the way.
— In fact, because almost all of the scouts returned. Reiss and Krivitskiy — this is a rare exception. They all went like bunnies into the jaws of a boa …
— In fact, he could not come back. That was his inner sense of self — regardless of the country
in which he was born, he felt worthless. Realize it was not easy, and I consulted with psychiatrists and psychotherapists. Unfortunately, that's how it happens in people who are traumatized in childhood. He is aware of. He has a chapter in which he describes the mental differences own mother, grandfather, grandmother, and so on. He is aware of. He had read about it directly.
— But neuzh something Bystroletov not think out what is happening in his country?
— He preferred not to create.
In the movie "A man in civilian clothes," the scout returned to Moscow with honor, the chime of bells, in a fatherly manager perceives intelligence and gives him a new job — in Spain. In fact it was sent to another place entirely. For a start he was dismissed from the NKVD and was appointed head of the Translation Bureau Union Chamber of Commerce. In September 1938 Bystroletov was arrested on charges of espionage. Even his investigator Solovyov was not aware of such resignation.

From the "Feast of the immortals." He stretched. Yawned. Lit a cigarette. And here it came to him!
— Wait a minute! — He caught himself. — So are you in fact have the funds in hand, Mityuha? Three million in foreign currency?
— Yes. I had my own company and a cash account.
— If you have a foreign passport?
— A few. And all were authentic!
Solovyov long look at me. His face shows the latest wonder.
— It means you are in at least some day could with the tools to take off somewhere in another country and dally in their enjoyment of life on the coffin?
— Yes, of course …
Solovyov froze. His mouth fell open. He leaned toward me.
— And yet here? — And added in a whisper, choking: — Here!
— Yeah, come back. Although completely arrest could not wait: the foreign press about the arrests in the USSR wrote a lot, and we were well-informed about everything.
— So, why did you come back? Baran! Nerd! Idiot! — He shakes his head: — One word — bastard! ..
I looked up:
— I went back home.
Solovyov flinched.
— Exchange the foreign currency for the Soviet bullet?
Dmitry Bystroletov not resist torture and signed all of it sought to sign.

From the decision of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR. Preparatory and judicial investigation established that Bystroletov in over a number of years he was a member of the anti-Soviet Socialist Revolutionary terrorist and sabotage and subversive organization. While living in exile in Czechoslovakia, Bystroletov established contact with a foreign intelligence service and its task was leaked to work in the Russian trade consulate. Working abroad in the Russian establishment, Bystroletov transferred foreign intelligence information comprising municipal mystery. In 1936 Bystroletov, arriving in Russian Alliance, took a job at the All-Union Chamber of Commerce, where he made anti-Soviet Social Revolutionary group. In the USSR Bystroletov established contact with agents of British intelligence and gave them information spyware character.

With this line-up and the crime may be sentenced to death, but Bystroletov received 20 years imprisonment. Why? Emil Dreitser believes that as a result of another change of control of the NKVD — instead of Nikolai Yezhov, commissar was then Beria.

— Particularly since he signed not once, he won the time and survived. When Beria's all the same, as indicated by the statistics, executions were even smaller. And he signed, reasoning: "Well, well, okay — after subsequent torture destroy me. And what will be next? My name will forever fuck up. But if I stay alive, I will have a chance to ever reach the revision. "

The years spent in the camp, he outlined in the book "The Feast of immortals." Its distinguishing feature is that the creator does not shift the responsibility for what happened to someone else.

From the "Feast of the immortals." In Butyrskoj bullpen came first acquaintance with the senselessness and the mass extermination of Russian people. It shocked me as much as my own plainclothes death. I have not figured out why this is done and why, and could not think of who exactly is in charge of organized mass atrocities. I have considered the tragedy of the whole people, but Lofty Directed remained behind the scenes for me, and I do not vyznat his face. I realized that the actual young performers are we, in good faith Russian people who built our country.

Emile knows Dreitser:

— He's been the case in the camp, and I could not for a long time to realize that after all the work out, until I explained to the psychiatrist. In the logging guard beckoned prisoner and when he came up, just shot him at point blank range. Later moved the reddish flags indicating the zone so that it turned out that the prisoner was killed while trying to escape. It was manufactured at the sight of everyone. We Bystroletova who observed the whole scene, at one point paralyzed the right side of the body, arm and leg. The psychiatrist to whom I told this case, explained to me what was going on. His natural reaction was to hit guard. This meant immediate death — it just would have been shot on the spot. He restrained himself willpower — and got paralyzed. Then he tried to kill himself, but could not paralyzed hand on the rope to tie the noose.
In Kolyma beaten path, on a bunk Bystroletov recalled alpine meadows of Switzerland, the sea breeze and azure coast "squeezed novels."

From the "Feast of the immortals." — "Journey in Bellinzona" or "The Girl and the stone" — I begin. Later, I close my eyes — and, surprisingly, all of a sudden I see in front of you what was once my life. This is not a memory. This is — or reality, more real than a dead mouth with jelly Zapyataev at my feet, or the saving dream and rest. Not opening his eyes, so as not to startle light vision, I continue:
— In the 30 fifth year I had to travel frequently on business from Paris to Switzerland. Sometimes, in the evening, finishing work on the food station. Taxi barely hit the road for himself in the thick of cars and people. Half-closed eyelids, I am tired watching flash colorful advertisements, listening to the waves of music and tells the crowd through even the rustle of movement of thousands of car tires on wet asphalt. World city swims across the windows of a taxi … A day lift the curtain on the window sleeper, omitting the glass, put my head — my God, what sweetness! Porrentruy … The Swiss border … It smells of snow and flowers … Premature sun gilds the distant mountains and the dew on the tile roofs … According starched apron girls roll trays with a pot-bellied mugs of hot chocolate …

The Rake and turning Dmitry BystroletovaEpiphanies

Bystroletov believed in the possibility of justifying a long time, right up to 1947, when he was suddenly brought out of Siblag in Moscow. Lubyanka, he was brought into the spacious office of State Security Minister Viktor Abakumov. The Minister offered him amnesty and return to exploration. Bystroletov refused. He claimed full recovery.

ABAKUMOV response was a three-year sentence in solitary confinement, one of the worst prison of the NKVD — Sukhanovskaya. And later — returning to prison. Like many of his comrades in misfortune, even in the camp Bystroletov not lost faith in the bright future of socialism.

— You were that for him there was a difference between the regime and the hom
eland.

— He was able to escape. In Norilsk camp. He decided at the last moment, when he saw the construction of the tremendous enterprise, which built the prisoners … it captures this majestic spectacle, captured the feeling that here, in my country is built such a large factory, all that at the moment is finally done for the benefit of the motherland, let it build and prisoners. In other words, he was a victim of Stalinist propaganda. Here's the thing. He was a Stalinist, I think, until 1947. At first, he believed, like many others, that Stalin did not know what was going on. But if he will be told how people grab for anything, he will lead all in order. His change was evenly. And, say, in 1953, to the time when the case was unfolding doctors, he was absolutely identified Nazism and Stalinism. By the 53 th, it was the perfect anti-Stalinist. But all the same trusted in the fact that socialism must overcome. It is only evenly in the last book, "The hard way to immortality," he comes to the realization that it is not even Stalin that without Lenin would not have been Stalin. To this he has already come in the end — to a complete rejection of communism as an idea.

He survived. He was released in 1954 and was rehabilitated in the 56th. Yutyas with his wife in squalid communal disabled and absolutely demoralized man, he earned his living by translating medical texts (other than a law degree, he was also a Doctor). Evenly epiphany occurred. The experience made him a political prisoner, anti-Stalinist, but he believed in socialism is still long.

In the 1960s, the new chairman of the KGB, Yuri Andropov, plans to "rehabilitate" the Lubyanka. There are books, films, memoirs about the everyday life of heroic exploration. Required brightest examples. Remembered and Bystroletove. His portrait hung in a hidden room of military glory in the main building of the KGB. He was offered an apartment in exchange confiscated and retired. Apartment he took, and the pension refused. Andropov did not know that by the time the last guy exalted, romantic exploration, reincarnated as a staunch anti-communist.

— I read somewhere that in 1974, when the campaign against Solzhenitsyn Bystroletov staged or faked his own destruction of their own manuscripts. In other words, he has identified himself as a dissident …

— Of course. When Solzhenitsyn was sent, he realized that he, too, would be a possible threat and staged the burning of his own memories. He really considered myself a maverick. This does of course — in the last book, "The hard way to immortality," he comes to a complete denial of the fact that he believed in his own life first. For this reason, and the script spy movie, which he graciously allowed to write out completely apolitical.

— Though the striking evolution.

— Specifically, it pushed me and, though I have so many years to study izderzhal his life. He is one of the few people I know who was able to overcome his youthful blind faith in communism. Most of the people of his generation, even the victims remained at the same positions: Yes, there were mistakes, but the system was correct. Units were able to overcome itself. For this, I ultimately respect Bystroletova. Although it is naturally difficult personality. Many of his own actions, he was ashamed of himself. And yet, he was able to this inner revolution — I think because he was inhuman to him.

— To do this, you need to have courage.

— He was certainly a man of courage.

Dmitry Bystroletov died May 3, 1975. Khovanskoye buried in the cemetery in Moscow. In 1932 he was awarded individual instrument "for brutal struggle against counter-revolution." Other government awards had.

Photo courtesy of S. MILASHOVA posted with the permission of his razlyubeznogo

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