The effectiveness of multi-billion allocation of European funds has long been criticism from experts. Every year, the European Union anti-corruption agency OLAF published a long list of questionable projects that do not bring any benefit either society or the economy. In the shadow of scandals about the senseless waste of EU funds is about less obvious criminal schemes, including direct theft, the true extent of which still remain a mystery. Over the past years, according to experts OLAF, they reached about half a billion euros annually.
In turn, the head of the Directorate-General of Justice in the structure of the European Commission Francoise Le Bai (Françoise Le Bail) believes that now the level of theft of billions of euros. "We have every reason to believe that this is not about the millions and billions of euros" — said a senior official, speaking in the European Parliament. Assess the true extent of corruption, according to Le Bai is extremely difficult, as the traces of criminal schemes often lost where begins the area of competence of the national authorities.
The fact that the crime at the level of European funds is practically not investigated, and found the head of OLAF Giovanni Kessler (Giovanni Kessler), speaking with Le Bai to the deputies. "Crimes committed in one and the same time in different countries, including corruption and fraud often do not even come to the attention of law enforcement agencies that are considering similar crimes only within national competence", — said the head of OLAF, urging to do with wrestling Corruption at the European level, including creating a bureau to investigate these crimes.
The proposal has been criticized by the agency MEPs from Romania. Note that Romania is one of those countries where the implementation of European projects causes the most problems.
According to the report the real cost of the damage that corruption causes EU countries is significantly higher than the figure of 100 billion euros, which was called earlier.
The study revealed a correlation between the level of corruption and the budget deficit in the EU, particularly in Greece and Italy. The level of corruption was calculated using as a reference point to Denmark as the least corrupt country of the EU.
Most, on the findings of the experts, the corruption was in Slovakia, Romania, Italy, Latvia, Hungary and Greece. As a long-time EU members Spain, Greece and Italy have demonstrated a clear regression of the index of corruption.
"Really helps control the Europeanization? The situation in Italy and Greece in recent years is very deteriorated. Therefore, it seems that it did not help them to improve management, "- said the expert Hertie School of Management Alina Mungiu-Pippidi.
She also added that it was "just the tip of the iceberg. "We still get big numbers. It is — just the beginning, "- said the expert.
"The results are scandalous, because the numbers are higher than previously thought," — said the German MEP Jens Geier, which is included in the budget committee.
The calculated cost of corruption referred to in the report, accounting for nearly one-third of the proposed EU budget for 2014-2020.