In 2013, permission to pass through the Northern Sea Route (NSR) have already received 204 of the vessel, as opposed to 46 in 2012. This is a record number in recent years. To date, the NSR is the shortest and most economical route of delivery of goods from northern Europe through the Russian Far East to the Asia-Pacific region. If, for example, distance from the port Murmansk to the Japanese port of Yokohama through The Suez Canal is 12,840 nautical miles, then along the Northern Sea Route — only 5770 nautical miles.
In last year's navigation main cargo NSR provided domestic operators: the manufacturer of gas "Novatek" and "Norilsk Nickel", a fleet of their own ice-class vessels, allowing the company to manage without the services of icebreakers. As to the latter, today Russian Navy nuclear-powered ships can provide passage to ships during the eight months of the year, says Valentin Davydyants, Captain of the Russian nuclear icebreaker. By order of "Rosatom" building another, should finish in 2017. Price question — 36,960,000,000 rubles.
The Russian government expects, by 2020, more than twenty-fold growth in turnover NSR — up to 50 million tons.
Back in October of last year the government of Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi autonomous district and the Tyumen region have declared their intention to export abroad, the goods produced in these regions of the Russian Federation, the Northern Sea Route. And, according to the governor of Yamal Dmitry Kobylkina, will not deliver hydrocarbons and wood products, wood and agricultural.
For these purposes, in particular, it is planned to use the multi-port under construction in the village of Sabetta (Yamal). The construction project is implemented on public-private partnership in 2012-2016 will be allocated to it federal funds of $ 47.2 billion and extra facilities ("Novatek") in the amount of 25.9 billion rubles. It is planned that by 2020, the turnover of one of the port will exceed 30 million tons per year, "Novatek" has produced on the Yamal natural gas and plans to export LNG from nearby fields.
On the strategic importance of SMEs to speak Russian too. The Northern Sea Route — the most important artery to deliver vital supplies to remote areas of the country. In particular, to Chukotka. In this case, there is a good chance to make more northern route and commercially significant.
According came into force at the beginning of this year, the Law on the Northern Sea Route (№ 132-FZ), charging for the fact of the passage of the NSR is not provided. However, the port, pilotage services, ice-breakers — all this, of course, nebesplatno. In order to attract foreign shipowners in the Russian North, requires significant investment in infrastructure. And public-private partnerships are seen as the perfect option. Example Sabetta port under construction — evidence of this.