European orbiting telescope XMM-Newton discovered in the galaxy NGC 4845 in the constellation Virgo giant black hole devouring the remains of a large planet, a "hot Jupiter," or a small brown dwarf, according to a paper published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
"We were able for the first time to see to it like a black hole tearing apart the object is not similar in nature to the star. According to our estimates, the outer layers of the" Jupiter "were eaten by a black hole, causing the planet" lose weight "of 10% of its mass . Apparently, the dense core of the object is still revolves around a black hole, "- said Roland Walter from the Geneva Observatory (Switzerland).
A team of astronomers led by Marek Nikolayuk University of Bialystok (Poland) found "awakened" the black hole at the center of a distant galaxy NGC 4845 by analyzing data collected by orbiting observatories XMM-Newton and Swift, as well as the Japanese MAXI X-ray monitor on board the International Space Station.
Nikolayuk and his colleagues found an unusual black hole completely by accident — they studied the X-ray emission of nearby galaxies in January 2011. During the observations, astronomers noticed that some of the NGC 4845 shines brightly in X-rays, which was not seen in previous decades. Scientists are interested in this, and studied in detail the X-ray flash point, its power and range.
It was found that NGC 4845 was visible in X-rays because of the supermassive black hole at its center seized and tore apart a small and relatively cold object. According to astronomers, the mass of the object in the 14 — 30 times the mass of Jupiter, which allows to consider it a major "hot Jupiters," or a small brown dwarf. It is believed Nikolayuk and his colleagues collected data on their "lunch" black hole help you prepare for a similar event in the second half of 2013, when the black hole at the center of our galaxy Sgr A * will absorb a large cloud of gas.