Zbigniew Brzezinski, who was born in 1928, is one of the most notorious figures of the American foreign policy elite. His works draw their own foreign policy meaningfulness of reality, and at the same time, they evoke a sense of discomfort necessary as a result of the implementation of foreign policy reality. Because Brzezinski himself passionately involved in the flow of the Cool War, and in addition to the present tightly interwoven with the present political elite of the United States, which is why his books are not only historical documents, and the right policy instruments that allow the reader to become acquainted with deep knowledge of American foreign policy. And so, again, Brzezinski introduced the tribunal his readers another book. This book is called "strategic insight" ("Strategic Vision", 2012), it is highly curious in the sense that it describes Brzezinski specific political U-turn U.S. far-reaching consequences. In his own recent book Brzezinski favors large-scale revision of the previous U.S. foreign policy, has taken first Cool War. The central thesis of his book — The U.S. is at the moment in the same situation, in what was a Russian Alliance in 1980.
If his most famous book "The Grand Chessboard" (1997), it was still going on about how the U.S. should take political control of Central Asia, and later in another place he wrote in 2008 that the U.S. has a more '2 Second-chance "to build a unipolar world, and now, four years later, in his own recent book Brzezinski states the reduction of the political impact of the U.S. in the world and the establishment of a multipolar world as we impartially the accomplished reality. On this basis Brzezinski comes to the need for a complete rethinking of the upcoming U.S. strategy. More unusual in his analysis of the geopolitical reality is the fact that he is one hundred percent reconsidering its generally negative attitude towards Russia. Moreover, Brzezinski believes that the survival of the West in a multi-polar world is one hundred percent, depending on if it will integrate Russia in the West.
From Carter to Reagan
The significance of the sudden transformation Brzezinski in his latest book can be fully present for yourself, if you remember all the way in his career. Brzezinski can be compared with the king's adviser in the modern version. It combines in itself the properties and practices of the political thinker and a realist with a cool brain. Even in his most of early books can create reverence Brzezinski institution of power and pleasure consider the institution of power. Own main task Brzezinski believed to strengthen the U.S. government, which he later decided to practice under President Jimmy Carter, being with him security adviser. Then, between 1977-1981 in the role of adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski directly influenced the course of the Cool War. If Kissinger and Nixon were first interested in maintaining the status quo in the United States Cool War, the Brzezinski tirelessly find ways aggravation of confrontation and bring it to a final victory. His influence in American politics can not be underestimated to the same as the geopolitical concepts Brzezinski lasted be used in the subsequent administration of President Reagan. In 1998, Brzezinski opened the French newspaper "Le Nouvel Observateur" in an interview that the U.S. financial support of Islamic militants even before the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. As Brzezinski said, then, the purpose of the policy support of Islamic militants prior to the entry of the USSR in Afghanistan has been to just lure the Soviet Union in Afghanistan, to increment the opportunity. When asked in an interview whether he regretted not currently have U.S. support while Islamic militants, Brzezinski replied: "Why should I regret? This special operation was a good idea. With her help, we lured the Soviet Union into the Afghan trap and after what do you seriously expect that I regret it. On that day, when Russia officially crossed the Soviet-Afghan border, I wrote to President Carter: at the moment we have the opportunity to arrange for the USSR its own Vietnam. " But when the reporter in this interview hesitantly Brzezinski hinted about the relationship of the current terrorism and Islamic fundamentalism with U.S. funding militants in Afghanistan against the Soviet Union, Brzezinski replied: "What after all is more important in world history? […] A couple of fanatical Muslims or the liberation of Central Europe and the end of Cool War? " (1)
Brzezinski: "Hobby, harming the Russian Federation"
South American economist James K. Galbraith as — he wrote in his article that "to Brzezinski is a hobby to harm Russia." (2) By this he was referring to the fact that Brzezinski even after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Berlin Wall did not change his own very negative things to Russia. Of course you can realize Brzezinski — he, being one of the key strategists in Cool War and devoted his entire conscious life of this fight, probably wanted since 1991 to fully enjoy the fruits of victory in this war.
But the political strategy Brzezinski, who was soon presented in 1997 in its more a popular destination for the book "The Grand Chessboard", meant ultimately about more than just the pleasure of the fruits of the U.S. victory in Cool War. A more detailed analysis of this book indicates that Brzezinski is indirectly expressed in it for the hidden continuation Cool War, but in other ways.
Strategic plan, which Brzezinski presented in this book in 1997, foresaw the promotion of the U.S. and its European partners in the Eurasian continent to Central Asia itself. Brzezinski has placed his hopes in this makarom build some new Silk Road to China itself, and specifically with the EU enlargement to the east, the adoption of NATO membership for Georgia and Ukraine, and the laying of oil and gas pipelines through the allied countries until the Caspian Sea. Crucial to the West of this new Silk Road was to the sight of Brzezinski is that the West, in this case extend its influence to the very center of the continent of the planet more principled — Eurasia. If I were able to establish profitable for the West geopolitical order in Eurasia, it would automatically would impact the balance of power in all the other continents of the planet, that is, would be to control the West over the world. Go with this advance of the West in the center of Eurasia, the plan Brzezinski's 1997 book, Our homeland — the greatest power on the Eurasian area — would be surrounded on the southern flank and uniformly degraded to a brand new world order of the West in a third world country.
Our country is a loser and the birthplace of the U.S. superpower
Brzezinski saw Russia in 1997 as a bankrupt in the whole country, which was in the coming years to plunge into chaos, poverty, and incessant ethnic conflicts. Brzezinski described the then Russian as a "black hole", which has not had any "geopolitical choice" in their own lives, "because in reality it is only the physical survival in its purest form." (3)
Brzezinski even wondered aloud in a book in 1997 on the division of the Russian Federation on: "Our homeland then would consist of a rather loose confederation of European of, Siberian Republic, and the Far Eastern Republic, which would individually would be even easier to install cramped economic relations with Europe, the new Central Asian states and the East. "(4) How
ever, any integration of in the advanced world order categorically rejected the West Brzezinski:" Our homeland was a very backward country, economically Brought Communism to poverty, and therefore more or less appropriate democratic partner for the United States, it was to become not. "(5)
Just like France after the First World War advocated measures to reduce long-term German Empire in the Treaty of Versailles, and Brzezinski played in the 1990s for a new world order in which our homeland — the loser geopolitical rival — would occupy a place weakened backward , problematic, and surrounded on all sides of the country, which would have been denied as much-or pochetaemogo geopolitical player.
The same inability to wean from Brzezinski's thinking in terms of the Cool War was reflected in a book in 1997 regarding the future role of the United States of exaggeration. In 1997, he started from the premise that the United States for at least the next generation — that is, until 2027 or even longer — will be able to maintain the status of the world's sole superpower. Still would be enough for the U.S., Brzezinski thought, to equip Trans-Eurasian corridor — along the new Silk Road to China — in terms of geopolitical security architecture. This is a place that would be composed of military bases, oil and gas pipelines, trade routes, the states with the pro-Western governments, economic and financial branches of the West — all this geographical location would have to connect the vast areas of Asia the enlarged European Union and NATO. And in the end, and China is also expected to integrate into this pro-Western Eurasian structure. Because, says Brzezinski, "is not even a network of multinational corporations and international organizations of different forms some informal global system." And this informal system supported by the increasing globalization of the planet, "would have to discover the exact imprint of the present rulers of the world", which would lead to the fact that the U.S. political system and culture would have spread to transnational world system and it would have changed under its own form: "And the success of such geo-strategic goal-setting would be to have a legacy that would be America — being the first, last and only superpower in the world — would have left the future of the world to come." (6)
But now Brzezinski sees the world and its future on the other. He recognized the ever-increasing trend of weakening Western society. If the West does not turn out to conclude a long-term strategic alliance with Russia and Turkey, it could turn into a global isolation for him. Especially since it is essentially, taking into account the convergence of today's China and Russia. Brzezinski even scares own readers that the United States could lose its influence in Mexico. Brzezinski concludes, while the all-powerful player in America has passed, now the U.S. can not confidently as previously salute in an arrogant attitude to Russia, China, India, Brazil, Iran or Pakistan.
Also quite curious newcomer Brzezinski's position in relation to the Middle East in general and Iran specifically. According to the views of Birkenau, a political awakening in the Arab region and the rest of the world, characteristic for the near term, allows many people to recognize, as the U.S. projected its power in the world. If the United States or NATO will start in the Middle East, the latest war, it will lead to a growing anti-Americanism, which is a prerequisite for the loss of influence of the West in general, in the region of the Earth. And because of the growing political consciousness of people in the world wars are no longer necessary.
The break with the neo-cons
Nearly brand new book, "Strategic Insight" Brzezinski completely breaks its connection with the neoconservatives. And we need to recognize its relationship to the U.S. neo-conservatives have always been ambivalent. From the beginning, Brzezinski advocated the expansion of the United States in the world. But, in contrast to the neo-conservatives who want to achieve the same, but rigid, military, straightforward ways, Brzezinski beheld expansion of America in line with the general trend of globalization, as it were within the laws of nature spread the word culture and values. As director of the Trilateral commission with (Trilateral Commission), Brzezinski saw the U.S. informal global empire that imperceptibly, subtly, behind closed doors, define and regulate international affairs between the rest of the world, while the neo-conservatives sought to openly flaunting to the world the power of the U.S. empire, with help strengthen the forces of war and empire.
Brzezinski had a purpose, to keep the U.S. superpower status at least for another generation. Beyond this period Brzezinski has represented an America that would be dissolved in the international interweaving of powerful transnational corporations and organizations who continue the traditions and values of American politics and culture on a global scale. The neocons also lusted build 21 century "new South American Age", arguing that election and originality of American civilization.
Despite these differences in Brzezinski's views were shared with the neocons. And Brzezinski and the neocons ranked as the U.S. central role the designer of the future world order. They also agreed that the foundation of the future world order, the United States must be brought to the Middle East. Also common among them was a strategy to prevent union with Europe, the Russian Federation, the Russian Federation to prevent exposure to Europe and the military strategy of gradual weakening of the Russian Federation for the expansion of NATO to the borders of the Russian Federation, and building gallakticheskoy against the military component of, surrounding its military bases and missile stations. And the general had Brzezinski with the neo-cons that they categorically tear away partnerships with post-Soviet Russia, even though it belonged to a common Christian-European cultural world.
The private penultimate book "second chance" ("Second Chance") in 2007 Brzezinski aggressively criticizes the neoconservatives running Bush Junior. He wrote that he is open to the public exhibited the imperialist ambitions of the neocons and even inhibit negate the possibility of the United States lined up a new world order in the 21st century. According to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the neocon war against terrorism was perceived in the Muslim world as a war against Islam as a religion, and because it undercut the credibility and respect for the United States in the region. Apart from this, in this book Brzezinski accused the neocons is that they really do not do a lot against the growing alliance of Russia and China.
And in general, writes Brzezinski, the Bush administration is very gently approached with Russia, "as the Russian does not love feeble" — Brzezinski said in an interview in 2008. (7) And yet, despite all this misses the neocons, Brzezinski still beheld in 2007 the "second chance" for America plans to implement a unipolar world, he formulated in 1997 in the book "Majestic chess board." In the book "second chance" Brzezinski wrote in 2007: "America will be crucial for a successful implementation of the" second chance "after 2008 than it used its own" first chance. "Since third chance the U.S. will be gone." (8)
Results of Obama's reign: Big failure
Now Obama's term in office comes to an end, and following the reasoning Brzezinski in his latest book "Strategic Insight" in 2012, the United States has not used this own "second chance": "In the future, America will pursue a more responsible and sophisticated policy than before. World the predominance of one single country in the world is more realistic, no matter how strong or weak it is. This is es
pecially true when the world stage come out with new regional powers. " (9)
And that means more than just the U.S. entry into a new multi-polar world. The private countless interviews on the latest book "Strategic Insight," Brzezinski shows that with the establishment of a multipolar world is coming to an end and all the 500-year era of global dominance Atlantic sea powers. When asked in an interview about the consequences of such developments, Brzezinski replied: "In the main, this means that we can no longer dictate our will. We can no longer be daunting global player, which regulates international affairs in the world." (10)
This does not mean, Brzezinski says that the world order, which is currently uniformly set, will determine China. At least due to the fact that the neighboring regional powers China and India, our motherland will not allow him that. A new world means including the fact that the regional powers bordering countries — Georgia, Taiwan, South Korea, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Ukraine, Israel, and of the Near East — will lose their attachment to the United States and will be involved in the power sphere of the impact of these new powers. According to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski in his latest book, the West can still avoid the fate of the world of international isolation and marginalization in the second part. But for this to infuse it with new life-giving forces and create the latest strategy and action plan. For the West, this newcomer Strategy, Brzezinski writes in his book "Strategic Insight" should be how to be able to integrate Russia and Turkey in the international system the West. Turkey has been a century focused on the West and its political system and culture, and beliefs Brzezinski, Turkey must continue to deepen this cooperation with the West, including membership in the European Union. But the decisive factor for the future international status of the West and to strengthen it will be expanded involvement of in the society of Western states.
This kind of alliance — which would be based on a universal system of political culture and values, and would extend from Vancouver to Vladivostok — such an alliance would have had a significant political weight in the world, writes Brzezinski. Moreover, in his view, in Russia at the moment is uniformly crystallized civilian society of the Western type. The report for the organization "Center of Strategic and International Studies" Brzezinski said that our home is now a much more democratic than that demonstrate South American media: "If you now live in Russia, then you can freely read in the newspapers direct criticism of Putin in the address — a fact worthy of praise that in America rarely hear. " (11) According to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the trend of democratization of Russia will continue and intensify, and the involvement of the Russian Federation in the West can be done in several stages and in several different ways.
America, the West and the rest of the world
But that is an extension and improvement of the West was carried out, Brzezinski said, it is necessary to reform the concept of affairs of the West to the rest of the world. Because for the first time since the French Revolution, virtually the entire population of the world is now beginning to think political categories, has gained political consciousness. And this is a global political awakening, writes Brzezinski, accompanied with all this anti-Western sentiment in almost all parts of the world. Proven injustice during colonialism, the U.S. military interventions in different countries since 1945, is not resolved conflict between Israel and Palestine, the last of the U.S. war in the Middle East: all of these reasons, writes Brzezinski, now fall into the consciousness of the world's population, and it is even already led to a significant loss of legitimacy in the eyes of the West's other world. It may even lead to the fact that many parts of the globe are fundamentally reconsider its attitude towards the West is not in his favor, which in turn other powers such as China for example, can use for their own benefit. Because given the current situation, writes Brzezinski, "Strategic insight," The West can only survive in this case, if it fundamentally reconsider the concept of their own business to the rest of the world.
Brzezinski definitely gives realize that the fate of the whole of western society is dependent on the West to get the update. In an interview, he says: "From our experience, we know that the use of military force is for a unexpected consequences, and not counting the very, very expensive. […] We can not be a global policeman, as this will lead us to bankrupt, will cause the internal political and social explosion of foreign policy will lead to a loss of legitimacy of the United States. " (12) In another interview, Brzezinski says, "America can experience the same system paralysis, which was the 1980s in the Russian Union." (13) In the introduction to the book "Strategic Insight" Brzezinski leads 6 parallels between the current U.S. and Russian Union of the 1980s:
1. Frozen, ossified and not able to reform the political system
2. Cash bankrupt owing to military adventurism and a bloated military budget and military industry
3. Falling living standards of the U.S. population
4. Existence of a political class that is insensitive to the growing social inequality, and which thinks only of his own enrichment
5. Samples declining legitimacy of power inside the United States make up the foreign enemy paintings
6. Outside the U.S. policy, leading to a self-imposed isolation in the world
Paralysis of the United States of America
Next Brzezinski says in his own recent book, this comprehensive paralysis United States can only be overcome in this case, if the United States will hold a large-scale domestic and foreign policy reforms. Vnutrepoliticheski such reforms should be expressed in the reduction of greed and corruption in the Western economies, and an increase in social skills elevators in Western societies. And although, according to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the West is currently the only one in the world of culture, which can offer a model of modern civilization, but still with the highest mortality of babies, the highest unemployment, crumbling infrastructure and a low potential for social elevator is now in the U.S. and in the West Overall, such a society can not be a pretty model for others. Only in this case, if Western society will again become pretty examples to follow, only if they could spread democracy in other parts of the world.
Foreign policy paralysis, as it experienced the Soviet Union in the 1980s, the U.S. can overcome only in this case will be resolved the indifference with which the Western public now refers to other countries. According to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the current, in general, and as of yesterday, the Americans actually do not know anything about other people. In the book, "Strategic Insight" Brzezinski cites statistics that show that 75% of the Yankees do not know where on the map is Iran, and 88% can not find Afghanistan. (15) And the South American politics, says Brzezinski, knowingly and intentionally use this indifference Yankees to capture their trust. This led to the fact that public discussion of foreign policy issues on TV and in the media in Western countries takes "more primitive, one-sided and historically regressive." (16) In an interview with journalist Jeffrey Brown Brzezinski referred to the perception of foreign policy processes the Western public, "the boundless ignorance." (17) And, accordingly, the South American public with jubilation greeted the war with Iraq, even though it was a strategic mistake premium — says Brzezinski "Strategic insight." And that in his opinion should not happen again in anticipation of a possible war with Ir
an, Brzezinski believes that strategically stupid, he writes: "I think the whole world will laugh at us if we go to war against Iran." (17)
"Democracy" with no charisma
In the "Strategic insight," Brzezinski writes that today in the Western media voices almost only supporters of the war, the moderate views are suppressed. In his view it is not just only the U.S., and the media all the western states. In Europe, too, the public debate in the media and more than more focused on the creation of enemy types, with all this reverse foreign policy stance of the European media is distorted or even completely withheld. And here is a systematic lowering of the brackets adequate status hands of the Western press seriously threatens national security for many reasons — writes Brzezinski. In the first, in part because of the wrong strategic decisions are taken. In-2, one-sided coverage in the Western media is very excellent and regitsya seen in other countries. Meanwhile, according to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Western media destroy charismatic appeal and impact of western democracy on other countries, which leads to even more strengthen the already currently ongoing isolation by the West.
Because Brzezinski calls for the book to an increased awareness of Western public opinion on foreign policy topics. According to the views of Zbigniew Brzezinski, Obama gave a nice speech in Cairo and Prague. But Obama should read directly with the South American nation, it must also notify the Yankees of the changed position of the U.S. in the world. With all of this in the book Brzezinski emphasizes that only Obama from all other current presidential candidate is able to perform a change of foreign policy, which is so necessary now America.
Of the devil in angels?
Raschudesno change attitudes that are expressed by Brzezinski in his new book "Strategic Insight", it seems to us extremely curious phenomenon. As a security adviser under President Jimmy Carter, Brzezinski has aggravated the confrontation with the Russian Union and intentionally brought the situation to escalate in Afghanistan, sparking a war, a million dead, and the emergence of the current Al Qaeda. Even after the collapse of the USSR Brzezinski continued to fight against the Russian Federation — for example, Brzezinski during his rather short war with Georgia, the Russian Federation in 2008 called for continued international isolation of Russia. (18) Against this background, today's reincarnation Brzezinski is simply amazing — at one point he called for the convergence and even reconciliation with Russia. Also very impressed by his claim that democracy can not be propagated in the world with foreign pressure, but only for its examples of successful implementation of democracy.
We should also mention the ability to Brzezinski, already in deep old age, change the angle of view and perspective of sight to the ongoing global action, although it would be even better if Brzezinski even earlier, already in the 1990s would call for Western society to integrate Russia into the West. The fact that such a rapprochement with Russia and its integration into the West while the 1990s, when it would be simple to do, just beckoning her finger, did not take place — for this to a large extent is responsible just Brzezinski himself. But maybe this new girl, a sudden revision of his views on the matter with Russia is just the recognition on his part that he carries the guilt and responsibility for past negative attitude of the West towards Russia.
It is also necessary to recognize the truth of criticism Brzezinski relatively simple and one-sided understanding of foreign policy processes of modern Western society. But also here we should note that in the process of creation of this one-sided media awareness of this information demagoguery in the Western media was to a large extent and Brzezinski himself. For example, when Brzezinski in 2008 compared Putin to Hitler. (18) Being a former presidential adviser, Brzezinski should be perfectly clear that modern wars are fought and won in the information space. That's why the Pentagon and NATO have put their work with the media on a professional basis, spending huge amounts of all funds. You can see this in the examples in the media representation of the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf, and more recently in Libya. So Brzezinski has perfectly aware that the indifference of Western public opinion to the foreign policy process by which laments Brzezinski in his own recent book — it appeared historically, that is, has a long historical tradition. But for some reason he makes no mention in his own recent book about the davneshney tradition of mutual cooperation of the military-industrial complex of the West with the Western media.
Yet, despite all the above comments and indicated a slip, "Strategic Insight" Brzezinski gives reason for hope that the alliance of Western countries, yet still might be capable of self-correction, that we in the West have managed to avoid Brzezinski predicted global isolation and ossification, as it came out in the 1980s with the Russian Union.
 "How Jimmy Carter and I Started the Mujahideen", Interview mit Zbigniew Brzezinski, in: "Le Nouvel Observateur", 15.1.1998.
 James K. Galbraith, Democracy inaction, in: "Salon", 30.11.2004.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Die einzige Weltmacht — Amerikas Strategie der Vorherrschaft, Berlin 1997, S. 180.
 Ebd., S. 288? F.
 Ebd., S. 153.
 Ebd., S. 307.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Russians don't like weak people, www.day.kiev.ua/154348.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Second Chance — Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower, New York 2007, S. 216.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Strategic Vision — America and the crisis of global power, New York 2012, S. 131.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Conversations, in: "PBS Newshour", 8.2.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Strategic Vision, Center of Strategic and International Studies, 9.2.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Conversations, in: "PBS Newshour", 8.2.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Strategic Vision, Center of Strategic and International Studies, 9.2.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Strategic Vision — American and the crisis of global power, New York 2012, S. 4.
 Ebd., S. 52.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski sounds alarm against military action against Iran, in: "Reuters TV", 7.3.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Conversations, in: "PBS Newshour", 8.2.2012.
 Zbigniew Brzezinski, Russlands Vorgehen ahnelt dem von Hitler, in: "Welt Online", 11.8.2008.