10 of the most deadly natural disasters in the history of natural disasters
For centuries, natural disasters would not let humanity. Some have happened so long ago that scientists can not assess the extent of damage. For example, it is believed that the Mediterranean island Stroggli was wiped out by a volcanic eruption around 1500 BC. Tsunami devoured the entire Minoan civilization, but no one knows even the approximate number of victims.
However, due to 10 known most devastating disasters, mainly earthquakes and floods, killing about 10 million people. This article will feature 10 of the most deadly natural disasters in order of increasing number of victims.
10. Earthquake in Aleppo
Earthquake in the largest Syrian city was October 11, 1138. Based on geological data, modern science estimates by events in 8.5. Archives contain data about 230 thousand deaths and major destruction in the city. Aleppo, located in northern Syria, is part of the fault system in the region of the Dead Sea, which was formed by the movement of Arab and African tectonic plates.
9. Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami triggered them
December 26, 2004 an earthquake of magnitude 9.3 underwater with its epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, triggered a devastating tsunami that struck the coast of several countries in South and Southeast Asia. As a result, the two events have died from 225 to 230 thousand people.
8. Earthquake in Gansu
An earthquake measuring 8.5 occurred December 16, 1920 in Gansu, in the Chinese province of Ningxia. According to the catalog the world's earthquakes of being updated by the International Institute of Seismology in Japan, the event took the lives of more than 235 thousand inhabitants.
7. Earthquake in Tangshan
July 28, 1976 in China, near the large industrial city of Tangshan, Hebei Province, an earthquake measuring 8. According to the first estimates of the Chinese government in the big city lost more than half of the population (about 655,000), but this amount was overstated to 242 thousand.
6. Earthquake in Antakya
The earthquake, which occurred on the territory of the modern Turkish city of Antakya spring 526 AD (approximately from 20 to 29 May), the deaths of 250 to 300 thousand people. Following a large-scale earthquake, a fire destroyed most of the surviving buildings.
5. Cyclone in India
November 25, 1839 Indian cyclone struck the port Koringa village, located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The cyclone caused a 12-meter wave that destroyed most of the village and most of the ships in the surrounding areas. Nearly 20,000 people died in the sea, and the total number of victims of the cyclone was 300 thousand.
4. Cyclone Bhola
Deadliest cyclone cases ever considered Bhola cyclone, which occurred in the eastern part of Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Floods November 12, 1970 flooded low-lying islands in the delta of the Ganges. It is estimated from the flooding caused by heavy rains and flooding of rivers, killing about 500,000 people.
3. Earthquake in Shaanxi
23 January 1556 in Shaanxi province and border in northern China was the most ruthless known to mankind earthquake 8, which killed at least 830,000 residents. This reduced the number of victims of the population of the two provinces by 60%.
2. Yellow River spill
Bottling the Yellow River is considered the deadliest floods in history. The disaster occurred in September 1887, when the Yellow River water broke through dams in the Chinese province of Henan. Flooding has destroyed about 11 major Chinese cities and hundreds of villages, leaving millions of people homeless. Flood waters have flooded an area of 130,000 square kilometers, taking the lives of 900,000 to 2 million.
1. Floods in central China
The most destructive natural disaster recorded in the central part of China in the period from July to August 1931, when as a result of the spill, a series of Yangtze floods. Severe flooding have killed 3.7 million people who have drowned or died of starvation. It is believed that more than 51 million Chinese were affected by floods in that year.