For the past week and a half after the accident at the Mayflower (AR) on the pipeline by pumping tar sands ExxonMobil is there a lot. ExxonMobil has started clearing, the U.S. government has established over the area of the accident no-fly zone, about 40 of the affected residents for nearly two weeks are in the evacuation guide ExxonMobil warned that going to arrest journalists who seek to know and talk about the scale of the disaster, some accident victims have filed a class action suit demanding the payment of monetary compensation.
After the accident revealed an amazing thing — until March 29, many people do not even know that under their homes oil pipeline. ExxonMobil to conceal the location of the pipeline, for fear of terrorist attacks. People learned the truth only at 14:45 on March 29, when he saw the black oily streams of Canadian tar sands, spread along the streets. Disgusting stench spread for miles. Being in the zone of the accident threatens to lung, brain and nervous system.
Mineral oil flowed from the pipe for an hour before ExxonMobil shut off valve. Oil itself does not disappear, do not help even the last rains. Clean up the pollution is now in full swing. To deal with the accident joined local residents and environmental activists. Particular importance is given to cleaning
William Boardman believes that now is the most important are the following 14 cases related to the disaster in Arkansas.
1). Why do not people know that lived close to the pipeline?
When a class action will be considered in court, the judge would have to ask the lawyers corporations why they hid this information from consumers.
Most likely lawyers will remember September 11, 2001, stating that the information has been hidden for fear of terrorist attacks. Local television station KTHV already reported about this idea in its broadcast. Clearly, this did not happen without a "sponsorship» ExxonMobil.
2). No-fly zone was also declared out of fear of terrorists?
Not all take seriously an official statement the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration — FAA), sounded on April 1 at 14:00, but it was not a drawing. Indeed, over the area of the accident was not allowed to fly any aircraft and pilots. This area is 5 miles in radius and 1000 feet high.
April 3 FAA
3). What is the area of the oil spill?
Until now, no one knows. ExxonMobil says that mobilized equipment and personnel in an amount necessary to clean the spill of 10,000 barrels. The corporation's management says that to cope with the consequences, because it is — "a small spill."
Different sources sizes spill jump from 2,000 to 12,000 barrels. April 5 USA Today reported that the size of the spill, "tens of thousands of barrels of heavy crude oil."
US Dept. of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (U.S. Department of pipeline safety and hazardous materials) estimates the spill at 3,500-5,000 barrels. This theoretical estimate: a pipeline capacity of 90,000 barrels a day, an hour had run out 3750 barrels.
According to the norms of the Agency for Environmental Protection (Environmental Protection Agency — EPA), more than 249 barrels spilled — a "major spill."
Most recently, at ExxonMobil fined $ 1.7 million for the leak of 1,500 barrels of oil into the river Yellowstone River in July 2011.
4). What is the impact of the spill is the worst?
First wrote that the worst — if oil will reach Lake Conway (Lake Conway). This lake has an area of 6,700 acres — the largest man-made lake for fishing and swimming in the United States. Now oil is already in the lake, marked by the death of animals.
5). Who has filed a lawsuit against ExxonMobil, and on what basis?
It did two affected residents Northwoods Kimlya Green and Catherine Jane Rouchell Chann (Kimla Greene, Kathryn Jane Roachell Chunn). April 5, they filed a lawsuit in federal court in Little Rock on its behalf and on behalf of the neighbors affected by the oil spill. The lawsuit demands compensation for damage caused by accident pipeline — a decline in property values, pollution and other damage to property. The exact amount of damage has already been settled, but can reach several million dollars.
6). Who made the decision to evacuate?
It took the combined team of representatives from ExxonMobil, the Agency for Environmental Protection, the administration of Faulkner County and the city of Mayflower. 40 people were evacuated from 22 homes that are not allowed to return home for at least a month. During the evacuation of the inhabitants offered no resistance, but now has filed about 140 lawsuits.
7). Who declared martial law in the area of the accident?
Officially — no one. Some journalists have complained that local authorities prevent truthful coverage of events and actually closed the area from journalists.
Lisa Song of «Inside Climate News» Michael and Hibblen from a local radio station KUAR told about clashes with the service Faulkner County Sheriff's Office. First, journalists have been banned visiting the site of the accident, and then, without explanation, ordered to leave within 10 seconds, under threat of arrest for trespassing zone.
8). What is the difference between heavy oil Wabasca Heavy Crude and Tar Sands Tar Sands Oil?
The difference is negligible. All this — the bituminous oil, pumped from Canada.
9). Where these oils are extracted?
In the Canadian province of Alberta. First oil pumped in Edmonton, and then — in Canada and the United States. Through Illinois and Texas, they come to Arkansas, the pipeline ExxonMobil, called Pegasus.
10). What is the Pegasus pipeline?
Pegasus pipeline — the property of ExxonMobil. Its length is 858 miles — between Patoka (Illinois) and the Netherlands (Texas). Pipe diameter — 20 inches.
The pipeline was built in the 1940s for the transfer of refined oil from Texas to northern regions. In 2006, ExxonMobil has changed the type of oil products and the direction of transfer — now oil is pumped from the north to the south. In 2009, ExxonMobil has increased the flow of petroleum products by 50% to 95,000 barrels per day. ExxonMobil's Guide
The federal lawsuit claims that these changes only worsened the condition of the pipeline.
In 2010, ExxonMobil was fined 26,200 dollars by the U.S. Department of pipeline safety and hazardous materials — for obstruction of inspections on the pipeline Pegasus, as required by law. Last check of the pipeline was carried out in 2013, but the results were not made public.
11). What happens to the oil in the Netherlands (Texas)?
They are delivered to the local refinery.
12). Corrosive to the bitumen pipeline faster than other petroleum products?
This issue has not been resolved unambiguously. The group of environmentalists "Council for the Protection of Natural Resources» (Natural Resources Defense Council — NRDC) says that the bitumen leads to greater corrosion. They lead the calculations based on the fact that spills on oil pipelines in which bitumen is used, there are 3.6 times more often than the conventional oil pipelines in the United States. Studies of the government commission the Canadian province of Alberta show almost the same picture. The National Academy of Science USA (US National Academies of Science) has not yet completed his studies.
Of course, the oil companies claim that bitumen is completely safe.
13). Have similar spilled oil before?
Of course, though the public does not have full access to the stories of these spills. The most famous was the flood in 2010, the bursting of the pipeline corporation Enbridge, dropping the tar sands in the river Kalamazoo (MI), contaminating 40 km. Cleaning Kalamazoo is still ongoing, and it has already spent $ 800 million.
14). What is the role of ExxonMobil's most profitable oil and gas corporations?
In the first place, the number of profit is the Russian company Gazprom — 44.5 billion dollars a year. ExxonMobil is in second place with 41 billion, being the first American oil companies, leaving them with Chevron 26.9 billion behind.
I should add:
«Four Oil Spills in One Week:
1) Mayflower, AR
2) Houston, TX
3) White River, ONT
4) Derailment in Minnesota.
Gallons of Oil Spilled: 232,642 "