As Ivan knocked Kozhedub Americans

Toward the close of the Second World War, the Soviet Union had a better ace twice to give a lesson airmanship presumptuous "allies."


Kozhedub renewed their battle through two U.S. fighter F-51 "Mustang", who mistakenly tried to attack him over Berlin, but were immediately shot down during the attack. As he told me himself, Ivan Nikitivich, April 17, 1945, meeting in the air "Flying Fortress" allies, he burst barrage drove them to a pair of "Messerschmitt", but after a moment he was attacked by U.S. fighter cover.

"To fire? I? — Indignantly recalled Kozhedub half a century later. — The queue was long, with large, kilometer distance, with a bright, unlike our German and tracer shells. Because of the great distances to be seen as the end of the line curves down. I rolled over and get close, attacked the extreme American (by fighter escort I already knew who it was) — the fuselage had something exploded, he strongly Zapara and went with a reduction in the direction of our troops. Half loop running battle turn, with the inverted position, I otakoval next. My rockets went very well — the plane exploded in the air …

When the voltage of the battle subsided, my mood was anything but victorious — I've already had time to see the white stars on the wings and fuselage. "Gave me … on the first number" — I thought, planting machine. But nothing happened in the cockpit "Mustang" that landed on our territory, sitting hefty black. On the issue came to the rescue to it guys, who was hit (or rather, when this issue were able to translate), he replied: "Focke-Wulf" with a red nose … I do not think he played up, not yet learned while allies look at both …
When the film showed the PCF, the principal moments of the battle were fixed on them very clearly. The films looked and command the regiment, and division and corps. The division commander Sawicki, under the operational control which we then were, after watching said, "These victories — against future wars." And Paul F. Chupikov, our regimental commander, soon gave me these films with the words: "Take them yourself, Ivan, and do not show anyone."

As Ivan knocked Kozhedub Americans

Although the front future Marshal Ivan Nikititch Kozhedub got only in 1943, due to his fighting looks impressive. For two years — 366 sorties on the job, 120 air battles and shot down 62 German aircraft, though most Kozheduba not knocked on once. Moreover, the recent publications can be seen that the real list of victories of the Soviet ace even more impressive. Perverse principles of "socialist collectivism" is often the best pilots were forced to share their victories with less able fellow, and as a result on the fuselage of the fighter La-7 number 27 was much less red stars than assumed. This was written and brother-Ivan Nikiticha, the famous test pilot Alexander Shcherbakov, and a number of other authors, but in the present serious research topic has not waited. However, according to some reports, Kozhedub brought down not 62, as many as 107 enemy aircraft, five of which belonged to the Air Force USA.

Started in the second half of 1944 clashes between Soviet and American air groups were not due to any conventional war confusion. States had already considered the entire European continent its zone of influence. One day, the commander of U.S. Air Force Spaatz even pointedly refused to discuss the procedure with Marshal Zhukov flights over the Soviet zone, brazenly declaring that "the American aircraft was flying everywhere, and flew without any restrictions." (Zhukov. Reminiscences and Reflections. M., 1971. S.670).

Demonstrating its right to fly anywhere, state, check the command at the same time our "for lice" and worked through methods of total air of terror that have become hallmark of American aviation in the next decade. Few people know that in addition to pointless from a military point of view, the destruction of residential areas of German and Japanese cities Yankees no less fiercely bombed Yugoslavia. Marked the beginning of the genocide of the air "bloody Easter," April 16, 1944. On this day, the whole Air Division heavy bomber with a distinctive name "Liberator" ("The Liberator") brought down on the Yugoslav city of thousands of bombs, of which only 1 in Belgrade, killing 160 thousand people. Total number of such raids was nine, and after 45 years of history, is known to repeat itself. And to emphasize the deliberate choice of the date of blows falling on Belgrade bomb graced the words "Happy Easter."

As Ivan knocked Kozhedub Americans

Well, for the first attack on the Red Army four dozen heavy American fighter "Lightning" also chose a symbolic date — November 7, 1944. As a result, attack the headquarters 6 Guards Rifle Corps airfield and 866 th Fighter Wing were killed near the town of Nis Corps Commander Hero of the Soviet Union Grigory Kotov and 30 other people. In addition, two of our aircraft destroyed and burned half a dozen cars. Only when soaring Soviet fighters in turn brought down a few vultures, and the rest fled. Later, a witness to this fight, pilot Boris Smirnov wrote in his memoirs that the map was found in the wreckage of a downed "Lightnings", Nis was designated as an air target. After that, the official U.S. version of the loss of the course, few people believed.

Flown over Germany, the deputy commander of the 176 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment 25-year Major Kozhedub faced impudent "allies" twice. First, April 22, 1945 his car was attacked by a pair of American fighters such as "Mustang", but soon they had to bitterly regret his arrogance. Less than two minutes as one of the "Mustangs" shattered into pieces, and the second pilot barely managed to jump with a parachute.

Even more hot battle with the Americans Kozhedub stood in front of the Victory Day, when a squadron of bombers loaded to the eyeballs of the "Flying Fortress", ignoring warning shots came in the space of the Soviet occupation zone. To drive them into the ground three multi-engine giant, Major routed the rest, but to include them in the official list of the victories he was not allowed. The regimental commander Paul Chupikov only joked that the Americans will have to fight very soon, and the first day of the next war will be credited with their hit by a car on his account retroactively.

However, when it is the commander of one of the divisions of the 64th Air Corps, Major General Kozhedub attacked shtatovskih Squadron, clears the way for "peacekeepers" of the UN in Korea, the new star on his plane did not appear. Moscow is strictly prohibited divisional commander involved in the fighting, and therefore all destroyed 264 enemy aircraft should be attributed to the students of Ivan Nikiticha.


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