… Are we dealing with intelligent apes or very underdeveloped people?
The only sensible and logical decision in respect of a lower race is its destruction.
HG Wells, 1902
In the photo: the last indigenous people of Tasmania
One of the most shameful pages in the history of British colonial expansion is the extermination of the native population. Tasmania.,
British settlers in Australia, particularly in Tasmania, for the sake of their own prosperity systematically exterminated the indigenous population and undermine the foundations of his life. British "need" were all natives of the land with favorable climatic conditions. "Europeans can hope for prosperity, because … black will soon disappear …
If you shoot the natives as well as in some countries, shoot crows, the number of [indigenous] populations should eventually become substantially reduced, "- said Robert Knox in his" philosophical research on the impact of race. '" Alan Moorhead described the fatal changes that have befallen Australia: "In Sydney, the savage tribes were starved. In Tasmania, they were exterminated … settlers and convicts … … all they wanted to get the land, and none of them are going to allow black to prevent this.
However, the soft and kind-hearted people, who for half a century before visiting Cook, were not as docile as the mainland. " Once farmers have taken away land from indigenous people (especially in Tasmania, where the climate was colder), the natives with spears in their hands tried to resist the aliens armed with firearms. In response, the British arranged for them to hunt. Tasmania is a manhunt took place with the approval of the British government: "The final annihilation of a large scale could be achieved only with the help of Justice and the armed forces … The soldiers of the fortieth Regiment drove the natives between two boulders, shot
all men, then women and children were dragged out of the rock crevices to knock their brains out »(ISSO). If the natives were "ungracious [inappeasable]," the British have concluded that the only way out of this situation — to destroy them. At the natives' continually hunted, stalked them like deer. " Those who managed to catch, were taken away. In 1835, he was taken out the last survivor of a local resident. Moreover, these measures were not secret, no one is ashamed of them, and the government has supported this policy.
"So, the hunt was on people, and over time it became more and more brutal. In 1830, Tasmania was transferred to the military situation on the island was built a chain of armed men who were trying to drive the natives into a trap. Indigenous people managed to get through the cordon, but the will to live left the heart of savages, the fear was stronger than despair … "Felix Maynard, a doctor of French whaler, thought about the systematic raids on the natives. "Tasmanians were useless, and [now] have all died," — thought Hammond.
* Hammond, John Lawrence Le Breton (1872-1949) — historian and journalist.
The Europeans found the island quite densely populated. R. Pech, suggests that the products of hunting and gathering in Tasmania could be about 6,000 natives. War between the natives did not go beyond petty tribal feuds. Hunger strikes, apparently, was not, at least the Europeans have not found the natives exhausted.
The first Europeans were met Tasmanians with great friendliness. According to Cook, the Tasmanians of all he had seen the "savages" were the most good-natured and trusting people. "They did not have a fierce-looking, and seemed kind and cheerful without distrust to strangers."
When, in 1803. on the island was founded the first English settlement, the Tasmanians also treated the colonists without any hostility was. Only the violence and cruelty of Europeans forced Tasmanians to change their attitude to white. The sources we find numerous colorful examples of these acts of violence and cruelty. "Someone by the name of Carrots, — said H. Parker — killed a native, who wanted to steal his wife, cut off his head and hung it as a toy, on the neck and killed a woman forced to follow him." The same author tells of the exploits of one tyulenepromyshlennika who "captured the 15 native women and settled them on the islands of Bass Strait, so they hunted seals for him. If for his arrival women do not have time to prepare the appropriate number of skins, he tied the punishment of those responsible for the trees to 24-36 hours in a row, and from time to time, sec them with rods. "
In the early 1820s, Tasmanians are attempting organized armed resistance to European rapists and murderers. It starts with the so-called "Black War» («black war»), soon turned into a simple hunting British for Tasmanians, completely defenseless against firearms whites.
H. Hull explicitly says that "the hunt for the black was the favorite sport of the colonists. Chosen day and invited the neighbors with their families on a picnic … in the afternoon gentlemen took guns and dogs, and, accompanied by 2-3 servants of the exiles went to the forest to look Tasmanians. The hunters returned in triumph if they manage to shoot a woman or 1-2 men.
"One of the European colonist, — says Ling Roth — was the bank, in which he kept as trophies the ears of the people he managed to kill."
"A lot of black women and children gathered in a ravine near the town of … men were sitting around a large fire, while the women were busy preparing food for dinner. The natives were caught off guard by a detachment of soldiers, who, without warning, opened fire on them, and then rushed to the wounded. One of the soldiers pierced his bayonet baby crawling around his dead mother, and threw it into the fire. " This soldier himself spoke of his "heroism" traveler Hull, and when the latter expressed his outrage cruelty, one with genuine surprise exclaimed: "After all, it was only a child!"
In 1834, it was all over. "December 28 — says Reclus — the latter natives, pursued like wild beasts, were driven to the extremity of a lofty promontory, and the event was celebrated with flying colors. Happy Hunter, Robinson, received an award from the government of the estate of 400 hectares and a considerable amount of money.
The prisoners were transferred to the first island to island, and then entered all Tasmanians among the two hundred in a marshy valley of. Flinders. For 10 years, three quarters of exiles peremerli.
In 1860, only eleven had already Tasmanians. In 1876, the last Tasmanian Truganini dies, the island is, in the words of British official documents, it is "purified" by the natives, except for a negligible amount of Anglo-westernized mestizo Tasmanian origin.
"During the Holocaust, Charles Darwin visited Tasmania. He wrote: "I'm afraid there is no doubt that the evil things happening here, and its effects — the result of shameless behavior of some of our countrymen." That's an understatement. It was a monstrous and unforgivable crime … The aborigines were only two alternatives: either to fight and die or surrender and become a parody of itself "- wrote Alan Moorhead. Polish traveler Count Strzelecki,
(* Paul Edmund Strzelecki (1796-1873) — Polish naturalist, geographer and geologist, explorer of America, Oceania and Australia) who came to Australia in the late 1830s, could not express the horror of what he saw: "Humiliated, depressed, confusion … emaciated and covered with dirty rags, they — [once] the natural hosts of this land — [now] the ghosts of the past rather than real people, and they are floundering in his melancholy existence, waiting for even more melancholy end. " Strzelecki also mentioned about the "examination of the corpse of another one race — the verdict:" She died overtaken punishment of God. '" The extermination of the natives could be seen as hunting as a sport because of the soul as if they were not.
It is true that Christian missionaries were against the idea of "no soul" from the "natives" and saved the lives of considerable number of the last indigenous inhabitants of Australia. Yet
However, the constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, which operated in the postwar years, the prescribed (Article 127) "does not take into account the natives" in the calculation of the population of individual states. Thus, the constitution rejected their involvement in the human race. After all, back in the 1865 Europeans, faced with the indigenous people were not sure whether they are dealing with "smart apes or very underdeveloped people."
Taking care of "these men Beast" is a "crime against our own blood" — like in 1943, Heinrich Himmler, speaking of Russian, which should subdue the Nordic master race.
The British, who committed to Australia, "unheard of in the colonization" (in the words of Adolf Hitler), did not need this kind of instruction. For example, one report for 1885 states:
"To appease the niggers, they were given something amazing. The food [which they handed out] half consisted of strychnine — and no one escaped his fate … Owner Long Laguna using this trick has destroyed more than a hundred black. " "In the old days in New South Wales, it was useless to ensure that those who are invited to visit the black and give them poisoned meat, are punished." A Vincent Yassin in 1901 stated in the Australian parliament, "Nigger should disappear with the development of the white man" — so, "says the law of evolution." "We did not realize that by killing blacks break the law … because in the past it had been practiced all over the place" — so the main argument sounded British, killed in 1838 twenty eight "friendly" (ie peace) natives. Prior to the massacre at the Maiella Creek all the shares for the extermination of indigenous Australians go unpunished. Only in the second year of the reign of Queen Victoria for this offense as an exception was hung seven Englishmen (from lower layers).
However, in Queensland (northern Australia) at the end of the XIX century. innocent fun was thought to drive the whole family "niggers", husband, wife and children — to the crocodiles in the water … During his stay in North Queensland in 1880-1884 gg., Norwegian Carl Lumholts (* Lumholts Carl Sophus (1851-1922) — Norwegian traveler, naturalist and anthropologist, explorer of Australia, Mexico, Indonesia) have heard such remarks: "Black can only shoot — otherwise you can not handle them." One of the colonists noticed that it was "hard … but … a necessary principle." He shot all the men met in their pastures, "because they are skotoubiytsy, women — because they generate skotoubiyts, and children — because they [still] be skotoubiytsami. They do not want to work and therefore are not suitable for anything other than a bullet "- complained the colonists Lumholtsu.
Source: Piotrowski AB Tasmanians (brief outline of culture). / / Soviet Ethnography, 1933, № 3-4, p.166-168. Piotrowski refers mainly to the evidence, published by the British in the mid 19th century.