Climate change and urbanization affect humanitarian aid to save the planet
Imagine that due to the terrible drought, you have to leave your empty piece of land, and go to work in the city, which is constantly threatened by flooding. That's the human condition is seen in the next few years because of climate change and rapid urbanization play an increasingly significant role in the deepening of the crisis of society.
According to the survey, which involved 41 service assistance to adapt to the new reality will have to invest more in preventive measures and to seek ways to increase the effective use of limited resources, as the number and strength of the world's disasters do not even think to decline. Of the total respondents 28 services in the first place as the most devastating disasters that need to have the biggest amount of humanitarian aid delivered floods, droughts and storms. Next on the list was a mass migration due to climate change and pollution, urbanization, increasing food prices and instability in the state.
Some state sponsors, anticipating the growth needs of humanity and the negative impact of financial crisis on local budgets, now called charities to increase the flow of money in their funds. This can be achieved by reducing some of the costs, operating costs and root out bureaucracy in those parts of the United Nations, which deals with humanitarian aid. Also proposed to financially support regions that are at risk, borrowing from the concept of business communication bottom line. In the world of organizations for emergency assistance should also be market competition. Then the sponsors will not have to worry for their donations and know where to put their money to see the result.
Another option is the more realistic and involves specific actions. It is about creating a special system of compensation where compensation shall be issued to a result that will qualitatively change the approach to the delivery of aid to the needy.
About the survey
Questionnaires were organized international humanitarian news agency AlertNet (www.trust.org / alertnet) led Fund Thomson (Reuters). With the exception of the UN agencies, it involved the world's largest humanitarian services, such as "Oxfam", "Save the Children», «CARE», «Dutch Refugee Council," "Medicine without borders", "Muslim aid», «World Vision» and the global movement of the "Red Cross".
AlertNet prepared questions about the future of humanitarian aid, the complexities of delivery, trends in the assets, the cost and the nuances of financing.
This should be attractive
As already mentioned, the need for most services focusing efforts on reducing the risk of disasters — from the construction of more sustainable buildings and schools in safer areas and to training of children to swim. Much more economical to allocate funds for these activities to local authorities than to reverse the effects of disasters. Thus, in his annual report for 2009 the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said that one dollar spent on preventive measures, saves $ 4 for recovery activities.
But not for any sponsor to invest in such an area, as a warning to disasters, is attractive. For most of them sponsoring vaccination 20,000 children in a refugee camp or food supply 100,000 earthquake survivors sounds more impressive than the installation of urban drainage system or program development assistance to residents of coastal areas to rising sea levels.
This problem is reflected in the results of a questionnaire. Of the 23 services, to tell which part of their annual capital goes on disaster prevention, 16 stated that it does not exceed 10%. However, 25 of the 41 services in the future will try to increase this figure in the case if they find a sponsor.
And where is the money?
In 2010, governments allocated 12.4 billion dollars for humanitarian purposes, individuals contributed $ 4.3 billion. However, 22 Relief Services argue that over the next five years, contributions from the state budget will decrease. Of the 22 ten services believe that reduced and the amount of private donations, the remaining 12 expect a partial deficiency of grants from individuals and companies. 19 other services are firmly convinced that the state will remain the main source of funding for humanitarian funds.
Among the challenges to effective delivery of aid to needy service call attempts to use humanitarian action for political purposes, the increasing number of complex disasters, reducing the state budget, and acts of violence against those providing assistance.
Address these issues will contribute a high degree of awareness of the basic principles and mechanisms of assistance, the principles of neutrality and impartiality, and enhancing the role of local communities in the management of these mechanisms. According to some experts, the situation will change its independence from state sponsors, flexible and durable source of funding.
The best way is to attract investments in the humanitarian movement will be a higher level of reliability management and rescue services, which will constantly match their words with actions and promises.